maximum sentence/penalty/fine etc• Although the court found that she was not a militantmember of the guerrilla group, she received a maximum sentence.• The maximum sentence is six months in jail or a £2,000 fine.• Despite that, he received the maximum sentence: life.• In Oregon, removal of a roadkill can carry a maximum fine of $ 2,500 and a year in jail.• He faces a maximum sentence of five years in prison and a $ 250,000 fine.• It carries a longer maximum sentence of ten years.• OfficerJohn Middleton barely avoidedlosing his badge, receiving a 240-hour suspension, the maximum penalty short of dismissal.• The maximum fine upon convictions for breach of the order is £200.
maximum2 ●●●S3W3AWL noun [countableC]
BIGthe largest number or amount that is possible or is allowed 〔可能或可允许的〕最大量，最大值SYN minimum
He faces a maximum of seven years in prison.
The company will reimburse you up to a maximum of $1,000.
We might have a third child, but that’s the absolute maximum.
an absolute maximum
Entries are limited to an absolute maximum of 100 words.
the statutory/legal maximum (=one set by law)
The legal maximum for election contributions was $1,000.
the agreed/stipulated/recommended maximum (=one that is agreed between people)
A pregnant woman should drink no more than the recommended maximum of 4 units per week.
have a maximum
Each submarine will have a maximum of 128 warheads.
reach a maximum
These sheep reach a maximum of 70 kg at adulthood.
exceed a maximum
The fine must not exceed the statutory maximum.
limit/restrict to a maximum
The amount you will have to pay is limited to 10% of the total.
allow a maximum
To lose weight, allow yourself only 1,500 calories per day.
ADJECTIVE | VERB + MAXIMUM | PREPOSITION | PHRASESADJECTIVE➤absolute絕對極大值▸➤agreed, recommended商定的／建議的最大量◇Do not exceed the recommended maximum of twelve drops a day. 不要超過建議的每天 12 滴的最大用量。➤legal, statutory法定的最高限度VERB + MAXIMUM➤achieve, reach, rise to達到最大值；升至頂點◇The temperature reached a maximum of 35°C yesterday. 昨天最高氣溫達到了 35 攝氏度。➤exceed超過最大值▸➤allow (sb/sth), permit (sb/sth)允許（⋯的）最大值◇In the exam, allow yourself a maximum of 30 minutes per question. 考試中，每題你最多花 30 分鐘。◇the maximum permitted speeds 最高限速➤limit sth to, restrict sth to把⋯限定在最大量以內◇The amount you have to pay will be limited to a maximum of £500. 你需要支付的金額最多不超過 500 英鎊。PREPOSITION➤above (the) maximum, below (the) maximum高於／低於最大值▸➤at (the) maximum最多◇a drive of four hours at the maximum 駕車最多 4 小時的路程➤to (the) maximum到極限◇He is using his talents to the maximum. 他正在最大限度地施展自己的才華。➤(up) to a/the maximum達到極限▸➤maximum of最多⋯◇You can claim the allowance for a maximum of six months. 你最多可申請 6 個月的補貼。PHRASES➤maximum possible可能的最高極限◇Everyone should contribute the maximum possible. 每個人都應該盡自己最大的一分力。
➡ See also the entry for large另见large条maximum ♦︎ intense ♦︎ extreme ♦︎ utmost ♦︎ supremeThese words all describe sth that is very large in degree or amount.这些词均表示最大的、最多的、极度的。PATTERNS AND COLLOCATIONS 句型和搭配◆maximum / extreme / the utmost / supreme importance◆maximum / extreme / the utmost care◆maximum / extreme / the utmost difficulty◆maximum / intense / extreme pleasure / enjoyment◆intense / extreme / supreme happiness◆intense / extreme discomfort / pain■maximum [only before noun] as large, fast, etc. as is possible; the most that is possible or allowed最高的；最多的；最大极限的◆Turn it right up to the maximum volume. 把它直接开到最大音量。◆For maximum effect do the exercises every day. 每天做这些锻炼以取得最佳效果。◆The offence carries a maximum prison sentence of ten years. 该罪最高可判处十年监禁。OPPminimumⓘ Minimum describes the smallest or least of sth that is possible or allowed. * minimum表示最低的、最小的、最低限度的◆a minimum charge / price 最低收费／价格◆the minimum age for retirement 最低退休年龄◆The work was done with the minimum amount of effort. 做这项工作没费什么劲。■intensevery great or strong很大的；十分强烈的◆We were all suffering in the intense heat. 我们都在酷热下受折磨。◆The President is under intense pressure to resign. 总统承受着沉重的辞职压力。◆He was startled by the intense blue of her eyes. 她深蓝色的眼睛让他吃了一惊。■extreme [usually before noun] very great in degree极度的；极大的◆We are working under extreme pressure at the moment. 目前我们正在极大的压力下工作。◆There are still thousands of people living in extreme poverty. 仍有数以千计的人生活在极度贫困中。◆The heat in the desert was extreme. 沙漠中酷热难当。 see also extreme ⇨ serious1, extremely ⇨ veryadv.NOTE辨析 Intense or extreme?Intense describes a very strong or deep feeling or quality. * intense形容情感十分强烈或深切或特征极为鲜明◆intense desire / interest / heat / blue eyes 强烈的欲望；浓厚的兴趣；酷热；深蓝色的眼睛Extreme describes a feeling, quality, action or state that is at its limit. * extreme形容情感、特征、行为或状态达到极致◆extreme pain / heat / violence / danger 疼痛至极；酷热难当；极端的暴力；极度的危险Extreme very often describes negative things; intense describes both positive and negative things. * extreme常常描述负面的事物，intense描述正面和负面的事物均可。■utmost [only before noun] the most that is possible最大的；极度的◆This is a matter of the utmost importance. 这是个至关重要的问题。◆You should study this document with the utmost care. 你要慎之又慎地研究这份文件。■supreme suːˈpriːm, BrE also sjuːˈpriːm [usually before noun] very great or the greatest in degree（程度）很大的，最大的◆She smiled with supreme confidence. 她充满自信地微微一笑。◆It took a supreme effort to stay calm. 尽了最大努力才得以保持平静。◆During the war, many people made the supreme sacrifice(= died for what they believed in). 战争期间，许多人作出了最大牺牲。NOTE辨析 Utmost or supreme?Supreme is often used with a positive meaning. * supreme常表示正面的意义◆supreme effort / control / emphasis / courage 最大的努力／克制／重视／勇气Utmost can be used with a positive or a more negative meaning. * utmost表示正面或较为负面的意义均可◆the utmost contempt / care / difficulty / importance / respect / severity 极为轻蔑／谨慎／困难／重要／尊敬／严重