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BNC: 1759 COCA: 1984

flow

Word family
Related topics: Nature
flow1 /fləʊ $ floʊ/ ●●● S3 W2 noun   floe
1 liquid/gas/electricity 液体/气体/ [countableC usually singular]LIQUID a smooth steady movement of liquid, gas, or electricity 〔液体、气体或电的〕流动,流
flow of
 He struggled to swim against the flow of the water.
他逆着水流拼命地往前游。
 I tied a towel round his leg to try to stem the flow of blood.
我在他腿上包扎了块毛巾止血。
2 traffic 交通 [countableC usually singular, uncountableU]PROVIDE the steady movement of traffic 车流
 a new road system to improve traffic flow through the city centre
疏导市中心车流的新道路系统
3 goods/people/information 商品//信息 [countableC usually singular] the movement of goods, people, or information from one place to another 〔商品、人或信息的〕流动
flow of
 the flow of funds from the US to Europe
从美国向欧洲的资金流动
 There has been a steady flow of people leaving the area.
该地区人口持续外流。
 They have accused the government of trying to block the free flow of information.
他们指责政府试图阻止信息的自由流通。
 an attempt to stem the flow of refugees across the border
阻止难民潮跨越边境的尝试
4 speech/writing 言语/文章 [uncountableU]CONTINUOUS the continuous stream of words or ideas when someone is speaking, writing, or thinking about something 〔语言、思路等的〕连贯
 I didn’t want to interrupt her flow, so I said nothing.
我不想打断她的话头,所以什么也没有说。
5 of the sea 大海的 [singular]DN the regular movement of the sea towards the land 涨潮
 the ebb and flow of the tide
潮水的涨落
6. in full flow informalTALK TO somebody if someone is in full flow, they are busy talking about something and seem likely to continue for a long time 口若悬河,谈兴正浓
Examples from the Corpus
7 go with the flow SAMEto agree that you will do the thing that most people want to do 随大溜,从众
 I don’t mind, I’ll just go with the flow.
我无所谓,就随大家好了。
Examples from the Corpus
8. go against the flow DIFFERENTto do something very different from what other people are doing 逆潮流而动,背道而驰
cash flow, → ebb and flow at ebb1(3)
Examples from the Corpus
Related topics: Nature, Transport
flow2 ●●● W3 verb [intransitiveI]  
1 liquid/gas/electricity 液体/气体/DNGO when a liquid, gas, or electricity flows, it moves in a steady continuous stream 流,流动
flow over/down/through etc
 These gates regulate the amount of water flowing into the canal.
这些闸门调节流入运河的水量。
 If the windows are shut, air cannot flow freely through the building.
要是关闭窗户,空气就无法在大楼里自由流通。
2 goods/people/information 商品//信息 [always + adverbadv/prepositionprep]GO if goods, people, or information flow from one place to another, they move there in large numbers or amounts 流动;流传 SYN pour, flood
 Money has been flowing into the country from Western aid agencies.
资金源源不断地从西方援助机构流入该国。
 The number of refugees flowing into the area is still increasing.
流入该地区的难民数量仍在上升。
3 traffic 交通TTEASY if traffic flows, it moves easily from one place to another 〔车辆〕畅通无阻
 The new one-way system should help the traffic to flow better.
新的单行道系统应可使车流更加畅通。
4 alcoholDRINK if alcohol flows at a party, people drink a lot and there is a lot available 源源不绝,饮之不尽
 Beer and whisky flowed freely as the evening wore on.
夜越来越深,啤酒和威士忌也越喝越多。
5 words/ideas 词语/想法CONTINUOUS if conversation or ideas flow, people talk or have ideas steadily and continuously, without anything stopping or interrupting them 〔谈话或思路〕流畅
 Everyone was relaxed and the conversation flowed freely.
所有人都很放松,畅所欲言。
6 sea 大海 when the sea flows, it moves towards the land 〔潮水〕涨起
 We watched the tide ebb and flow.
我们看着潮起潮落。
7 feelings 感情FEEL HAPPY/FRIGHTENED/BORED ETC if a feeling flows through you or over you, you feel it strongly 充满,传遍
8 clothes/hair 衣服/头发DCBGRACEFUL if clothing or hair flows, it falls or hangs loosely and gracefully 〔衣服、头发〕松松垂下,飘拂
9 flow from something COME FROM/ORIGINATEto happen as a result of something 来自某物,产生于某物,源于某物
nTHESAURUS
flow if liquid flows, it moves in a steady continuous stream
Blood flowed from his hand.
The river flows very quickly at this point.
run to flow – used when saying that something flows in a particular direction
Water was running down the walls of the room.
Sweat ran off his nose.
The river runs into the sea.
come out to flow out of something
You couldn't drink any of the water that came out of the tap.
pour to flow in large quantities
The rain poured down.
Blood was pouring from a wound on his head.
gush to flow out quickly in very large quantities
Water was gushing out at more than 3000 gallons a minute.
spurt to flow out suddenly with a lot of force
Oil was spurting from a small hole in the pipe.
trickle to flow slowly in drops or in a thin stream
Clare felt sweat trickling down the back of her neck.
leak to flow in or out through a small hole or crack, usually when this is not meant to happen
Oil was leaking from the engine.
ooze to flow from something very slowly – used about blood or a thick liquid
Blood was oozing from the wound.
Jam oozed out as she bit into the cake.
drip to fall in drops
Water dripped from the tap continuously.
cascade to flow down the side of something in large amounts
Water cascades down the hillside.
Examples from the Corpus
From Longman Business Dictionary
flowflow /fləʊfloʊ/ verb [intransitiveI]
1if money flows somewhere, such as into a bank account or into a particular country, it is moved there
flow from/into/between etc
A record $10 billion in foreign capital flowed into Mexican stocks last year.
Throughout the summer, new savings flowed away from building society accounts.
Investment trust money has been flowing back into blue chip companies such as Sony and Honda.
2formal if an event or action flows from something, it is caused by it
flow from
The regulations which flowed from the Charities Act forced charities to improve their accounts.
3if information or ideas flow, people start to exchange information or their ideas so that they can discuss them
The meeting was relaxed and suggestions soon started to flow.
Origin flow2
Old English flowan
flow1 nounflow2 verbn THESAURUS1
LDOCE Online
Chinese
Corpus
BNC: 1759 COCA: 1984
flow

noun

ADJECTIVE | VERB + FLOW | FLOW + NOUN | PREPOSITION | PHRASES ADJECTIVEheavy, large, massive大流量good相當大的流量adequate充足的流量poor很小的流量Our shower doesn't work very well because of the poor water flow.由於水流很小,我們的淋浴器不太好使。main主流increased, increasing增大的/不斷增加的流量decreased, reduced下降的/減少的流量ceaseless, constant, continuous, endless不間斷的/持續的/不停的/源源不斷的流動free, uninterrupted順暢的/不受阻礙的流動the uninterrupted flow of traffic順暢的車流even, smooth, steady均勻的/平滑的/平穩的流動to maintain an even flow of work through the department保持部門內工作流程的順暢easy, natural自如的/自然的流動I liked the concerto for its natural flow.我喜歡這部協奏曲的自然流暢。outward外流the outward flow of investment from the country該國對外的投資annual, daily, seasonal年流量;日流量;季節流量data, information數據流;信息流air, gas, heat氣流;煤氣/汽油流量;熱流blood, menstrual血流量;月經流量lava, river, water熔岩流;徑流量;水流量traffic交通流capital, cash, financial, investment, production, trade, work資本流動;現金流動;資金流動;投資流向;生產流程;貿易流量;工作流程narrative敍述流VERB + FLOWhave有流動Big pension funds have a constant flow of cash.大型退休基金有持續的現金流。get, obtain獲得流動Squeeze the tube slowly to obtain an even flow.慢慢擠壓軟管使內容物均勻流出。allow容許流動We like to allow a free flow of ideas in our company.我們希望大家在公司裏能自由交流思想。create, generate, produce, provide製造/形成/產生/提供流動The system provides a continuous flow of information to the market.這個系統源源不斷地給市場提供信息。keep, maintain保持流動He kept up a flow of chatter.他一直喋喋不休。ensure保證流動Use a wide pipe to ensure an adequate flow of water.使用大口徑水管以保證水流暢通。control, manage, regulate控制流動;管理流動;調節流量follow跟踪流動encourage, facilitate, stimulate鼓勵/促進/激勵流動to encourage the flow of revenue into the country鼓勵收益流入國內enhance, improve, increase, restore加強流動;改善流動;增加流量;恢復流動The company is trying to enhance its cash flow.公司正努力加強現金流動。affect影響流動disrupt, impede, reduce, restrict, slow, slow down擾亂/阻礙/減少/限制/延緩/放慢流動The continual bombing disrupted the flow of supplies to the ground troops.此起彼伏的轟炸擾亂了對地面部隊的物資供應。block, break, break up, cut, cut off, halt, interrupt, staunch, stem, stop阻塞/終止/中斷/切斷/止住/停住/阻斷/止住/遏制/停止流動They tried to staunch the flow of blood.他們試圖止血。direct指引流動方向divert使⋯改變流向The main flow of water has been diverted to a new course.主水流已被導向一個新的水道。join匯入⋯流measure測流量FLOW + NOUNrate流速The flow rate was measured at 9.5 gallons per second.測量出的流速是每秒 9.5 加侖。chart, diagram流程圖PREPOSITIONagainst the flow逆流They have to swim against the flow of the river.他們不得不逆着河的水流游泳。flow among⋯之間的流動information flow among all the different groups所有不同群體之間的信息流動flow from來自⋯的⋯流First cut off the water flow from the boiler.首先切斷來自鍋爐的水流。flow into進入⋯的⋯流She joined the flow of immigrants to the country.她加入到湧入該國的移民大潮中。flow of⋯流a constant flow of information源源不斷的信息流flow through通過⋯的⋯流the flow of data through the system通過這個系統的數據流PHRASESthe ebb and flow漲落起伏the ebb and flow of the tide潮漲潮落He was at the mercy of the ebb and flow of public opinion. (figurative) 他完全受輿論的擺佈。in full flow滔滔不絕She tried to interrupt his speech, but he was already in full flow (= talking continuously).她試圖打斷他講話,但他已是滔滔不絕了。the rate of flow流速the rate of flow of water through the pipe水流過管道的速率
flow

verb

ADVERB | VERB + FLOW | PREPOSITION | PHRASES ADVERBeasily, effortlessly, freely, smoothly順暢地/毫不費力地/自由地/暢通地流動We talked, and the conversation flowed freely.我們毫無拘束地交談着。Wine and beer flowed freely.人們暢飲着葡萄酒和啤酒。seamlessly自然流暢地流動The songs flow seamlessly into one another.這些歌曲自然流暢地從一首過渡到另一首。gently, gracefully輕柔地/優雅地流動fast, quickly, rapidly, swiftly快速/迅速/疾速/飛快流動The river flows very fast here.這兒水流湍急。slowly, steadily緩慢/平穩流動naturally, nicely, well自然地/自如地/順暢地流動In a good production of the play, the action and the words flow naturally.在好的戲劇作品中,動作和台詞都會很流暢地向前推進。directly徑直地流Some of these changes will flow directly from the legislation.這些變化中有一些將會直接來自於立法。constantly, continuously持續/不斷流動away, back, in, out, past流走;流回;流進;流出;流經together一起流動VERB + FLOWseem to似乎在流動begin to, start to開始流動continue to繼續流動Imported food aid continued to flow in.國外的救濟食物源源不斷地湧入。PREPOSITIONacross, along, between, down流過⋯;沿⋯流;在⋯之間流動;順⋯流下a small stream that flowed down the hillside一條沿山坡而下的小溪from從⋯流出Blood was still flowing from the wound.傷口還在流血。into流進⋯One day seemed to flow into the next.時光一天天地流過。out of, over, through流出⋯;流經⋯;流過⋯Information flows continuously through the network.信息通過網絡不斷流動。to流向⋯to get blood flowing to the brain讓血液不斷流向大腦PHRASESebb and flow漲落起伏The sea ebbed and flowed.大海時而漲潮時而退潮。The number of buyers has ebbed and flowed. (figurative) 購買者的人數時多時少。flow in a... direction朝⋯方向流動The best thing is when ideas flow in both directions.最好的是思想雙向流動。flow in the breeze, flow in the wind在微風中/在風中飄動Her long hair flowed in the wind as she ran.她跑的時候長髮隨風飄動。
BNC: 1759 COCA: 1984
flow noun
flow (a continuous flow of refugees/traffic) current (the flow of blood from the wound)
flow

noun

flow ♦︎ stream ♦︎ tide ♦︎ trickleThese are all words for the movement of people or things in one direction. 这些词均表示流动、人流、车流。PATTERNS AND COLLOCATIONS 句型和搭配a flow / stream (of sb / sth) into / through stha steady / constant flow / stream / tricklea continuous / endless flow / streamto halt / control the flow / tideto go / swim against the flow / tide flow [countable, usually singular, uncountable] a steady and continuous movement of people or things in one direction 流;流动There was a continuous flow of refugees across the border.难民接连不断地穿过边境。We need further measures to increase traffic flow (= make it move faster).我们需要采取进一步的措施以提高交通流量。 stream [countable] a long series or line of sth, especially people or vehicles, moving in a continuous flow (尤指)人流,车流I've had a steady stream of visitors.我不断有客人来。Cars filed past in an endless stream.汽车川流不息,鱼贯而过。A stream can also be a large amount of sth or number of things that arrive or happen one after another. * stream亦可指一连串、接二连三的事情。 see also stream flood noun 2 , stream surge verb NOTE 辨析 Flow or stream?The flow of people or vehicles is the fact of them moving; a stream of people or vehicles is a long series or line of them, coming one after another. In many cases you can use either word, but in some only flow can be used. * flow指人或车在移动这个事实;stream指一长队人或车接二连三地过来。在许多情况下这两个词可以通用,但有些情况下只能用flowa continuous flow / stream of people连续不断的人流to increase traffic stream tide [countable, usually singular] a large amount or number of sth that is increasing or moving in one direction and may be difficult to control (难以控制的)浪潮There is anxiety about the rising tide of crime.犯罪率日益增长,令人忧虑。Measures have been taken to stem the tide (= stop it from getting worse) of pornography.已采取措施遏制淫秽品泛滥的势头。The 1830s saw a tide of emigrants leave Europe for Australia.19世纪30年代,大批欧洲人移民澳大利亚。 trickle [countable, usually singular] a small amount or number of sth coming or going slowly 稀疏缓慢来往的东西As a result of the civil war, the steady trickle of immigration became a flood of refugees.内战致使原本稳定稀疏的移民人数变成大批难民涌入。flow

verb

 See also the entry for trickle 另见trickle条flow ♦︎ run ♦︎ pour ♦︎ stream ♦︎ circulate ♦︎ spew ♦︎ pump ♦︎ cascade ♦︎ spurt ♦︎ gushThese words can all be used when a liquid or gas moves from one place to another, especially in large quantities. 这些词均表示液体或气体涌流、喷出、倾泻。PATTERNS AND COLLOCATIONS 句型和搭配to flow / pour / stream / spew / pump / cascade / spurt / gush outto flow / run / pour / stream / spew / pump / spurt / gush out of sthto flow / run / pour / stream / spew / pump / cascade / spurt / gush from sthto flow / run / pour / stream / cascade / spurt / gush into sthto flow / run / pour / stream / circulate / pump / cascade / spurt / gush through sthto flow / run / pour / stream / cascade / gush down (sth)to flow / circulate / pump (sth) around / round sthto be flowing / running / streaming / gushing with sthwater flows / runs / pours / streams / circulates / cascades / spurts / gushesblood flows / runs / pours / streams / circulates / pumps / cascades / spurts / gushestears flow / run / pour / stream / gushadrenalin flows / pours / pumpsa waterfall pours / cascades / gusheslight flows / pours / streams / cascadessmoke pours / streams / spewsto flow / run / circulate freely / slowly flow [intransitive] (usually used with an adverb or preposition 通常与副词或介词连用) (of liquid, gas or electricity) to move steadily and continuously in one direction (液体、气体或电)流,流动It's here that the river flows down into the ocean.这条河就在这里汇入海洋。This can prevent air from flowing freely to the lungs.这可以防止空气直接涌入肺部。The current flowing in a circuit is measured by connecting an ammeter.连接上安培计可以测量电路里的电流。 see also flow current noun run (running, ran, run) [intransitive](of a liquid) to flow; to send out a liquid (液体)流淌,流动;流出液体The tears ran down her cheeks.泪水顺着她的脸颊淌下来。Who left the tap running?谁没关水龙头?Your nose is running.你流鼻涕了。The smoke makes my eyes run.烟熏得我直流眼泪。If sth is running with sth, it is covered with liquid. * be running with sth指被液体覆盖、流满His face was running with sweat.他汗流满面。 pour [intransitive] (always used with an adverb or preposition 总是与副词或介词连用) (of liquid, smoke or light) to flow quickly in large amounts (液体、烟或光)涌流,倾泻,喷发Blood was pouring from the wound.血从伤口里涌出来。Thick black smoke was pouring out of the roof.黑色浓烟从屋顶滚滚冒出。The kitchen door opened and light poured into the hallway.厨房门开了,灯光一下子把门厅照亮了。 stream [intransitive, transitive] (when there is no object an adverb or preposition is used 不带宾语时与副词或介词连用) (of liquid, gas, smoke or light) to flow quickly and continuously; to make a liquid or gas do this (液体、气体、烟或光)流泻,流动,流出;使(液体等)流出Sunlight streamed through the windows.阳光洒进窗内。Her head was streaming with blood.她头上流着血。The exhaust streamed black smoke.排气管里冒出黑烟。 circulate ˈsɜːkjəleɪt; NAmE ˈsɜːrkjəleɪt [intransitive, transitive](of a liquid or gas) to move continuously around a place or system; to make a liquid or gas do this (液体或气体)环流,循环;使(液体或气体)循环The condition prevents blood from circulating freely.这种病阻碍了血液的循环畅通。Cooled air is circulated throughout the building.冷气在整座大楼循环。 see also circulation current noun spew spjuː [intransitive, transitive] (always used with an adverb or preposition 总是与副词或介词连用) (especially of smoke or flames) to flow out quickly in large amounts; to make smoke or flames do this (尤指烟或火焰)喷出,涌出;使(烟或火焰)喷出Flames spewed from the aircraft's engine.飞机发动机喷出火焰。Massive chimneys were spewing out smoke and flames.一座座高大的烟囱冒着烟和火焰。 pump [intransitive] (always used with an adverb or preposition 总是与副词或介词连用) (of a liquid) to flow in a particular direction as if it is being forced by a pump (液体)涌出,涌流,奔流Blood was pumping out of the wound on his shoulder.血从他肩头的伤口喷出。 cascade kæˈskeɪd [intransitive] (written) (of liquid) to flow downwards in large amounts (液体)倾泻而下,流注Water cascaded down the mountainside.水从山坡倾泻而下。 spurt [intransitive, transitive] (when there is no object an adverb or preposition is used 不带宾语时与副词或介词连用) (of liquid, gas or flames) to burst or pour out suddenly in a fast stream; to produce a sudden fast stream of liquid, gas or flames (液体、气体或火焰)喷出,冒出;使(液体等)喷出Blood was spurting from her nose.血从她的鼻子里汩汩流出来。The volcano spurted clouds of steam and ash high into the air.火山把团团热气和灰喷向高空。 spurt

noun

[countable] a spurt of blood一股急速喷出的血
gush gʌʃ [intransitive, transitive] (when there is no object an adverb or preposition is used 不带宾语时与副词或介词连用) (of a liquid) to flow out suddenly and quickly in large amounts; (of a container or vehicle) to suddenly let out large amounts of a liquid (液体)喷出,涌出;(容器或车辆)大量泄出(液体)Water gushed out of the pipe.水从管子中涌出。The tanker was gushing oil.油箱在大量喷油。

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