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TOEFL IELTS BNC: 343 COCA: 391

process

Word family
Related topics: Industry
pro·cess1 /ˈprəʊses $ ˈprɑː-/ ●●● S1 W1 AWL noun [countableC]  
1 ORDER/SEQUENCEa series of actions that are done in order to achieve a particular result 〔为达到某目标的〕过程,进程
 the Israeli–Egyptian peace process
以-埃和平进程
 Repetition can help the learning process.
重复对学习过程会有帮助。
process of
 the process of economic change
经济改革的进程
slow/lengthy/laborious etc process
 Getting fit again has been a long slow process.
恢复健康是个漫长的过程。
 the mental processes involved in decision-making
决策中包含的思维过程
2 ORDER/SEQUENCEa series of things that happen naturally and result in gradual change 〔自然〕变化过程
process of
 the natural process of evolution
自然进化的过程
 Coal forms by a slow process of chemical change.
煤是由缓慢的化学变化形成的。
 the digestive process
消化过程
3 be in the process of (doing) something DEAL WITHto have started doing something and not yet be finished 在(做)某事的过程中,在进行
 The company is in the process of moving to new offices.
该公司正搬往新的办公室。
Examples from the Corpus
4 be in process if something is in process, it is happening now 〔某事〕正在进行
 There was an armed revolt in process.
一场武装叛乱正在进行。
Examples from the Corpus
5 in the process DOHAPPENwhile you are doing something or something is happening 同时,在过程中
 I spilt the coffee, burning myself in the process.
我把咖啡洒出来,烫到了自己。
Examples from the Corpus
6 process of elimination a way of finding the right answer, the truth etc by gradually deciding that none of the other answers etc are possible 排除法,淘汰法〔把错误的答案一一排除以找出正确答案〕
by (a) process of elimination
 I solved the problem by a process of elimination.
我用排除法解出了那道题。
Examples from the Corpus
7 TIa method of making or producing goods 制作法,工序,工艺流程
 the car production process
汽车的生产流程
 Recycling is an industrial process.
回收利用是一个工业流程。
due process
nCOLLOCATIONSMeanings 1 & 2
ADJECTIVES/NOUN + process
slow
Collecting the data is a slow process.
long/lengthy
Try to be patient through the long process of healing.
laborious (=taking a lot of time and effort)
The copying of manuscripts was a laborious process.
complex
Getting a visa can be a complex process.
a natural process
Birth is a natural process.
a formal process
A decision will only be taken after a formal consultation process.
a mental process
Cats have different mental processes from dogs.
the learning process
The student is actively involved in the learning process.
the peace process
They are frustrated with the lack of progress in the peace process.
the decision-making process
Not all staff can participate in the decision-making process.
a selection process
An interview normally forms part of the selection process.
verbs
go through a process (also undergo a process formal) (=experience a process)
A lot of companies are going through a process of change.
The system underwent a process of simplification.
take part in a process (also participate in a process)
We encourage our clients to participate in the process at every stage.
Examples from the Corpus
Related topics: Nutrition, Computers, Photography
process2 ●●○ AWL verb [transitiveT]  
1 DFNto make food, materials, or goods ready to be used or sold, for example by preserving or improving them in some way 加工〔食品或其他物质〕
 Goats’ cheese may be processed in many ways.
山羊奶干酪可以有多种加工方法。
 Two million workers are employed processing goods for electronic firms.
200 万名工人受雇为电子公司加工产品。
2 DEAL WITHto deal with an official document, request etc in the usual way 处理〔文件、请求等〕
process an application/claim/transaction etc
 All university applications are processed through this system.
所有大学入学申请都是由这个系统处理的。
see thesaurus at deal
3 TDto deal with information using a computer 〔计算机〕处理〔数据〕
 The new network will enable data to be processed more speedily.
新网络将使数据处理更迅速。
4. TCPto print a picture from a photographic film 冲印〔照片〕
data processing, word processor
Examples from the Corpus
pro·cess3 /prəˈses/ verb [intransitiveI always + adverbadv/prepositionprep]  
LINE formal to walk or move along in a very slow and serious way, especially as part of a group 列队行进;缓慢而严肃地行进
From Longman Business Dictionary
processpro·cess1 /ˈprəʊsesˈprɑː-/ noun
1[countableC] a series of actions taken to perform a particular task or achieve a particular result
simpler design and manufacturing processes
Industry executives said ABC’s plans would slow down the process.
the union’s disciplinary and electoral processes
due process
2be in the process of doing something to have started doing something that is not yet finished
General Motors is in the process of beginning discussions with potential partners.
processprocess2 verb [transitiveT]
1MANUFACTURING to change a substance as part of the manufacture of a product
The refineries are processing 1.4 million barrels of crude oil a day.
The paper will be processed from pineapple and banana leaves.
2to deal with a document in the usual way
The service was started to help process copyright permissions more rapidly.
The Securities Industry Automation Corp. processes stock quotations from the major exchanges.
3COMPUTING if a computer processes information, figures etc, it uses them to produce a particular result
the accounts are processed by the Systems Union Sun Account system.
facilities for changing, deleting and processing data
see also central processing unit
Origin process1
(1300-1400) Old French proces, from Latin processus, from procedere; → PROCEED
TOEFL IELTS BNC: 343 COCA: 391
process

noun

ADJECTIVE | VERB + PROCESS | PROCESS + VERB | PREPOSITION | PHRASES ADJECTIVEgradual, lengthy, long, slow, time-consuming漸進的/漫長的/長期的/緩慢的/耗時的過程constant, continuous, ongoing持續的過程complex, complicated複雜的過程arduous, difficult, gruelling/grueling, laborious, painstaking艱難的/困難的/艱苦的/費勁的/不辭勞苦的過程a painstaking process of trial and error不辭勞苦的反複試驗過程natural自然進程normal正常的過程The bylaws are amended through the normal processes.地方法規通過正常流程進行修訂。formal正式程序The company doesn't have a formal complaints process.該公司並沒有正式的投訴流程。due正當程序the due process of law法律的正當程序painful痛苦的過程Removing the splinters from the wound was a long and painful process.清理傷口中的碎片是一件費時又痛苦的事。tedious繁瑣的過程the tedious process of creating receipts and invoices開具收據和發票的繁瑣過程consultation, consultative, decision-making, management, planning咨詢/協商/決策/管理/籌劃過程nomination, voting提名/投票過程registration登記程序As part of the registration process, the applicant will report certain information.作為註冊過程的一部份,申請人要提供某些信息。collaborative合作過程Design is a collaborative process.設計是一個合作的過程。cognitive, creative, design, learning, mental, thought認知/創造/設計/學習/心理/思維過程Teachers are trained to stimulate the child's cognitive processes.教師接受如何激發孩子認知過程的培訓。I was beginning to understand his thought processes.我開始理解他的思維過程。assessment, selection, testing評估/選拔/測試過程review審核過程the long review process for his application對他的申請的漫長的審核過程democratic, electoral, political民主/選舉/政治進程Churches are taking a key role in the democratic process.教會正在民主進程中起着極為重要的作用。chemical, industrial, manufacturing, production化學過程;工業生產流程;製造過程;生產工藝ageing/aging, biological, developmental, evolutionary, grieving, healing, physical, thinking衰老/生物/發育/進化/悲傷/瘉合/物理/思維過程Students use thinking processes and skills to gain a knowledge of history.學生靠思考和熟記獲取歷史知識。judicial, legal, legislative司法程序;法律程序approval, screening, vetting批准/篩選/審查過程They all have to go through a vetting process.他們都必須通過審批的過程。bidding投標過程the bidding process for media rights媒體版權的競標過程editorial編輯過程peace和平進程a stalemate in the peace process和平進程的僵局historical, social歷史/社會進程three-step, two-step, etc.三步、兩步等程序A two-step process was used to test this hypothesis.用了一個分為兩步的過程來驗證這一假設。VERB + PROCESSgo through, undergo經歷過程Each time we have to go through the whole decision-making process again.我們每次都要重新走整個決策程序。accelerate, drive, expedite, hasten, speed up, stimulate加速進程Excessive exposure to sunlight speeds up the ageing / aging process of the skin.過多地暴露在日光下會加速皮膚的老化。slow, slow down放慢/減緩過程Disputes and negotiations have slowed down the process.爭端和談判使得這個過程慢了下來。disrupt打亂進程Protests disrupted the electoral process in the southern region.抗議活動打亂了南部地區的選舉進程。begin, initiate, start開始/發起/啟動過程She began the long process of clearing up all the reports.她開始了清理所有報告的漫長過程。complete完成過程The entire process was completed in less than 24 hours.整個過程在 24 小時內就完成了。repeat重複過程reverse逆轉過程places where the process of urbanization is being reversed城市化進程正在逆轉的地方simplify, streamline簡化過程e-commerce solutions to streamline the process簡化該程序的電子商務解決方案facilitate促進進程The Web facilitates an interactive process of learning.網絡促進學習的互動過程。oversee監督過程affect, influence影響過程control, guide, regulate控制/引導/規範過程calls for the law to regulate the warrant process effectively用法律有效地規範權證頒發過程的呼籲automate使過程自動化Most of the process is automated.大部份的過程已自動化。PROCESS + VERBoccur, take place, unfold過程發生;過程展開The selection process takes place over a period of two weeks.選拔過程費時大約兩週。begin, start過程開始continue過程繼續evolve進程演變Any design process evolves over time as new information surfaces.由於新信息不斷出現,任何設計過程都會隨着時間的推移而不斷改進。culminate, result in sth過程達到頂點/結果為⋯The process will culminate in December 2014.這個過程最終將在 2014 年 12 月達到高峰。call for sth, require sth過程要求⋯These processes require careful scheduling.這些過程都需要精心安排。work程序運行Here's how the process works in Finland.下面談談該程序是如何在芬蘭運行的。PREPOSITIONprocess for用於⋯的程序a legal process for dealing with defrauders處理詐騙犯的法律程序process of⋯的過程the process of change變化的過程PHRASES(a) part of the process過程的一部份This is part of the process by which musical works are created.這是音樂創作流程的一部份。a process of elimination排除法I will prove this to you by a process of elimination.我會用排除法把這一點證明給你看。a stage in the process, a stage of the process進程中的一個階段
process

verb

ADVERB | PREPOSITION | PHRASES ADVERBefficiently高效地處理specially特殊處理tobacco specially processed to reduce nicotine經過特殊工藝尼古丁含量減少了的煙草correctly, properly正確/妥善處理properly processed black-and-white photographs處理得當的黑白照片fully充分處理It was a second later when I fully processed what he had said.一秒鐘之後我就完全明白了他的話是什麼意思。quickly快速加工slowly慢慢地處理My brain slowly processed the fact that I was free to leave.我慢慢地才反應過來我可以自由地離開。automatically自動處理digitally數字化處理The image is processed digitally by computer software.這一圖像已經過計算機軟件數字化處理。routinely例行處理PREPOSITIONby由⋯處理This information is processed by the computer.此信息是由計算機處理的。for為⋯而加工The plant is then processed for dye.然後對這種植物進行加工以獲取顏料。into加工成⋯The berries are processed into juice or sauce.漿果被加工成果汁或果醬。PHRASEShighly processed深加工的highly processed foods深加工食品
TOEFL IELTS BNC: 343 COCA: 391
process verb
treat2
process noun
process (in the process of doing sth) way2 (industrial processes)
process

noun

 See also the entries for action and project 另见action条和project条process ♦︎ procedure ♦︎ routineThese are all words for ways of doing things, especially the usual or correct way. 这些词均表示正常步骤或手续。PATTERNS AND COLLOCATIONS 句型和搭配a process / procedure / routine for sththe usual / normal process / procedure / routine(the) standard process / procedure / routinesa set / regular procedure / routinea painful process / procedureto go through a process / procedure / routineto adopt / follow a procedure / routinea matter of procedure / routinea change in procedure / routine process [countable] a series of things that are done in order to achieve a particular result; a series of things that happen, especially ones that result in natural changes (为达到某一目标的)过程;(自然发展的)进程I'm afraid getting things changed will be a slow process.改革恐怕是个缓慢的过程。the Middle East peace process中东和平进程There is the whole consultation process that must be gone through.要按这一整套步骤来磋商。Find which food you are allergic to by a process of elimination.用排除法找出你对哪种食物过敏。We're in the process of selling our house.我们正在出售自家的住宅。I was moving some furniture and I twisted my ankle in the process (= while I was doing it).我搬家具时崴了脚。the digestive / ageing process消化/老化过程It's a normal part of the learning process.那是学习过程中的正常现象。 procedure prəˈsiːdʒə(r) [countable, uncountable] a way of doing sth, especially the usual or correct way (正常)程序,手续,步骤She explained the procedure for calling a Special General Meeting.她介绍了召集全体特别大会的程序。This is standard procedure after a suicide attempt.这是处理企图自杀案的标准程序。 routine ruːˈtiːn [countable, uncountable] the normal order and way in which you regularly do things 常规;正常顺序We are trying to get the baby into a routine for feeding and sleeping.我们正设法让婴儿按时进食和睡觉。Make exercise a part of your daily routine.让锻炼成为你日常生活的一部分。We clean and repair the machines as a matter of routine.我们定期清洗和修理机器。It was claimed that torture of detainees was routine.据称被扣押的人受到酷刑是家常便饭。 see also routine usual adj. , routinely often
TOEFL IELTS BNC: 343 COCA: 391
process
Series of events or occurrences: pattern, process, train...
A series of actions or activities: series, process, campaign...
Legal documents and parts of legal documents: affidavit, amendment, article...
General words for to produce goods: productise, productize, produce...
Preserve food: bottle, can, cure...

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