brake1 /breɪk/ ●●● S3 noun [countableC] → break 1 TT[often plural] a piece of equipment that makes a vehicle go more slowly or stop 刹车，制动器，车闸 Test your brakes after driving through water.
I managed to put the brakes on just in time.
Moira slammed on the brakes (=used them suddenly and with a lot of force).
apply the brakes formal He applied the brakes but failed to stop in time.
the rear/front brakes 后刹车/前刹车
the screech of brakes (=the loud unpleasant noise they can make) → anti-lock braking system, emergency brake, handbrake, parking brake →4 See picture on 见图 Page A2 Car 汽车 →4 See picture of 见图 BICYCLE 1 →5 see picture at 见图 car
2 act as a brake on something SLOWto make something develop more slowly, be more difficult to do, or happen less 对某事物起抑制作用，遏制某事物 Rises in interest rates act as a brake on expenditure.
3. put the brakes on something STOP something THAT IS HAPPENINGto stop something that is happening 阻止某事物 n COLLOCATIONS verbs put the brakes on (=use the brakes)
Put the brakes on – you’re going too fast.
apply the brakes formal (=use them)
Apply the brakes as you approach the roundabout.
slam on/jam on/hit the brakes (=use them suddenly and with a lot of force)
The car in front stopped suddenly and I had to slam on the brakes.
release the brake (=stop using the foot or hand brake)
The traffic lights turned green and I released the brake.
brakes fail (=do not work when you use them)
Going down the mountain I was afraid the brakes might fail.
brakes screech (=make a high noise when you use them)ADJECTIVES/NOUN + brake
The brakes screeched and the train finally stopped.
faulty (=not working properly)
Faulty brakes may have caused the accident.
The brakes could have been faulty.
the rear/front brakes (=for the rear/front wheels)
The rear brakes were ineffective.
the foot brake (=one you apply with your foot, to slow the car down)
He stamped on the foot brake.
the hand brake (also the emergency brake, the parking brake American English) (=one you apply with your hand, to stop the car moving when parked)
I tried to drive off with the hand brake still on.
anti-lock brakes (=that do not cause the wheels to lock and skid if the brakes are used suddenly)brake + NOUN
The car comes equipped with anti-lock brakes.
the brake pedal (=that you press with your foot)
She pressed the brake pedal but nothing happened.
brake failure (=when brakes do not work)phrases
What should you do in the event of a brake failure?
the screech of brakes (=the loud unpleasant sound of a car stopping suddenly)
I heard the screech of brakes in the road outside.