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IELTS BNC: 283 COCA: 487


Word family
car·ry1 /ˈkæri/ ●●● S1 W1 verb (carried, carrying, carries)  
1 lift and take 提;拿 [transitiveT]CARRY to hold something in your hand or arms, or support it as you take it somewhere 提;拿;抱;搬;送
 Gina was carrying a small bunch of flowers.
 Angela carried the child in her arms.
 Let me carry that for you.
 Jack carried his grandson up the stairs.
carry something to something/somebody
 The waiter carried our drinks to the table.
see thesaurus at take
2 vehicle/ship/plane//飞机 [transitiveT] to take people or things from one place to another in a vehicle, ship, or plane 运送,载运
 The ship was carrying drugs.
 There are more airplanes carrying more people than ever before.
3 pipe/wire etc 管道/电线等 [transitiveT]TAKE/BRING if a pipe, wire etc carries something such as liquid or electricity, the liquid, electricity etc flows or travels along it 输送;传送
 A drain carries surplus water to the river.
 The aim is for one wire to carry both television and telephone calls.
4 move STH 移动某物 [transitiveT] to cause something to move along or support something as it moves along 承载,载运
 This stretch of water carries a lot of shipping.
 The bridge carries the main road over the railway.
 Pollution was carried inland by the wind.
5 have with you 随身带着 [transitiveT]CARRY to have something with you in your pocket, on your belt, in your bag etc everywhere you go 携带,带着,佩带
 I don’t carry a handbag. I just carry money in my pocket.
 All the soldiers carried rifles.
 He says he’s got to carry a knife to protect himself.
6 have a quality 具有某种特质 [transitiveT]HAVE to have something as a particular quality 具有〔某种特质〕
 Degree qualifications carry international recognition.
 Few medical procedures carry no risk of any kind.
 Older managers carry more authority in a crisis.
 The plan is not likely to carry much weight with (=have much influence over) the authorities.
 If the child believes in what she is saying, she will carry conviction (=make others believe what she says is true).
7 news/programmes 新闻/节目 [transitiveT]TCN if a newspaper, a television or radio broadcast, or a website carries a piece of news, an advertisement etc, it prints it or broadcasts it 登载;广播;报道
 The morning paper carried a story about demonstrations in New York and Washington D.C.
 The national TV network carries religious programmes.
8 information 信息 [transitiveT] if something carries information, the information is written on it 印有;写有
9 be responsible 负有责任RESPONSIBLE [transitiveT] to be responsible for doing something 承担〔责任〕
10 shop 商店 [transitiveT]SELL if a shop carries goods, it has a supply of them for sale 备有〔货物〕供销售
11 building 建筑物 [transitiveT]SUPPORT/HOLD UP if a wall etc carries something, it supports the weight of that thing 支撑,承载
12 take SB/STH 把某人/某物带至 [transitiveT] to take something or someone to a new place, point, or position 把〔某物或某人〕带至〔新的地点或位置〕
13 disease 疾病 [transitiveT]MI if a person, animal, or insect carries a disease, they can pass it to other people or animals even if they are not ill themselves 传播〔疾病〕 carrier
14 carry insurance/a guarantee etc HAVEto have insurance etc 有保险/保修期等
15 be/get carried away EXCITEDto be so excited, angry, interested etc that you are no longer really in control of what you do or say, or you forget everything else 忘乎所以,忘形
Examples from the Corpus
16 be carried along (by something) to become excited about something or determined to do something 被(某事)所带动
Examples from the Corpus
17 crime 犯罪 [transitiveT]PUNISH if a crime carries a particular punishment, that is the usual punishment for the crime 可判处〔某种刑罚〕
18 sound 声音 [intransitiveI]HEAR if a sound carries, it goes a long way 传到,传播
19. ball 球类 [intransitiveI]DISTANCE if a ball carries a particular distance when it is thrown, hit, or kicked, it travels that distance 〔球〕被扔[打,踢]出(的距离)
20 carry something in your head/mind REMEMBERto remember information that you need, without writing it down 将某事记在脑海中
Examples from the Corpus
21 tune 曲调SING [transitiveT] to sing a tune using the correct notes 准确地唱
22 persuade 说服 [transitiveT]PERSUADE to persuade a group of people to support you 赢得的支持
23 VOTE 投票be carried if a suggestion, proposal etc is carried, most of the people at an official meeting vote for it and it is accepted 〔建议、提议等〕获得通过
Examples from the Corpus
24 election 选举 [transitiveT] American EnglishAmE if someone carries a state or local area in a US election, they win in that state or area 在〔美国一州或地区的选举中〕获胜
25 your body 你的身体STAND [transitiveT always + adverbadv/prepositionprep] to stand and move in a particular way, or to hold part of your body in a particular way 以某种姿势站立[移动]
26 carry the can (for somebody/something) BLAME British EnglishBrE informal to be the person who has to take the blame for something even if it was not their fault, or not their fault alone (为某人/某事)独自承担责任[背黑锅]
Examples from the Corpus
27 not enough effort 不够努力 [transitiveT] if a group carries someone who is not doing enough work, they have to manage without the work that person should be doing 扶助;负担〔工作不力的人〕
28. child 孩子CHILD [intransitiveI, transitiveT]BABY/HAVE A BABY old-fashioned if a woman is carrying a child, she is pregnant 怀孕;怀〔胎〕
29. carry all/everything before you literarySUCCESSFUL to be completely successful in a struggle against other people 大获全胜
Examples from the Corpus
30 carry something too far/to extremes/to excess EXTREMEto do or say too much about something 把某事做[]得太过分
Examples from the Corpus
31 weight 重量HEAVY [transitiveT] to weigh a particular amount more than you should or than you did 超重,超载
32 carry a torch for somebody LOVEto love someone romantically who does not love you 对某人单相思,单恋某人
Examples from the Corpus
33 carry the torch of something to support an important belief or tradition when other people do not 〔在别人已经放弃的时候〕继续为某事物奋斗
Examples from the Corpus
34 as fast as his/her legs could carry him/her FAST/QUICKas fast as possible 拼命地跑,飞奔
Examples from the Corpus
35. adding numbers 加数字COUNT/CALCULATE [transitiveT] to put a number into the next row to the left when you are adding numbers together 进位
card-carrying, cash and carry, → fetch and carry at fetch1(3)
carry out work
You’ll have to get a builder to carry out the work.
carry out your duties/responsibilities
She carried out her duties very efficiently.
carry out a task/job
He was unable to carry out simple tasks.
carry out research
I was in Italy carrying out research for my book.
carry out a survey
The committee has carried out a survey of parking problems in residential areas.
carry out a check
Manufacturers carry out safety checks on all new cars.
carry out a test
Forensic experts are now carrying out DNA tests.
carry out an experiment
Many schools need better facilities for carrying out scientific experiments.
carry out a review
The government is carrying out a review of state pension provision.
carry out a study
He has carried out various studies into violent behaviour.
carry out an investigation
The police will carry out an investigation into what actually happened.
carry out an inquiry
A formal inquiry into the cause of death will be carried out.
carry out an assessment
The company is carrying out an assessment of staff training needs.
carry out a search
Here are some more ways of carrying out information searches online.
carry out an attack
It became clear that terrorists had carried out the attack.
carry to have something or someone in your hands or arms when you go somewhere
She was carrying a heavy suitcase.
Mary fainted, and had to be carried inside.
tote especially American EnglishAmE informal to carry something such as a bag or a gun
He came out of the office toting a black leather briefcase.
Guards toting machine guns stood inside the airport.
lug to carry something heavy, with difficulty
They lugged the mail in heavy canvas bags into the building.
cart to carry something large and heavy somewhere, especially when this is annoying or hard work
We carted all the furniture upstairs.
schlep American EnglishAmE informal to carry something heavy
Marty schlepped the suitcases upstairs.
bear formal to carry something – used when talking about what someone has with them when they go somewhere. Bear is commonly used as a participle bearing
They arrived bearing gifts.
Anna returned, bearing a large red packet.
Examples from the Corpus
carry2 noun [uncountableU]  
1.DISTANCE technical the distance a ball or bullet travels after it has been thrown, hit, or fired []球距离;〔枪的〕射程
Examples from the Corpus
From Longman Business Dictionary
carrycar·ry /ˈkæri/ verb (past tensepst and past participlepp carried) [transitiveT]
1TRANSPORTto move goods or passengers from one place to another
Airlines carried 262 million passengers on international flights last year.
2FINANCEif a person or a company carries a debt, they have that amount of debt
The company still carries a lot of debt.
3to have a particular thing
Short-term loans carry higher interest rates.
The shares carry an annual dividend of $3.64 a share.
The issue carries triple-A ratings from both Moody’s and S&P.
4COMMERCEif a shop carries goods, it has them available for sale
All of their stores carry the same merchandise.
Origin carry1
(1300-1400) Old North French carier to take in a vehicle, from car vehicle, from Latin carrus; → CAR
IELTS BNC: 283 COCA: 487
IELTS BNC: 283 COCA: 487
carry verb
carry1 (carry a bag/child) carry2 (Pipes carry the water away.) sell2 (carry a range of goods) support2 (The bridge has to carry a lot of traffic.) take1 (a train carrying commuters) take7 (carry the burden of job losses)


carry a bag/child 携带手提包;抱小孩Pipes carry the water away. 管道将水输送出去。carry ♦︎ bear ♦︎ lug ♦︎ cart ♦︎ toteThese words all mean to support the weight of sb/sth in your hands or arms and take them/it somewhere. 这些词均表示拿、提、搬运。PATTERNS AND COLLOCATIONS 句型和搭配to carry / bear / lug / cart / tote sth to / from / up / along sthto carry / lug / cart / tote sth aroundto carry / bear sth on your back carry [transitive] to support the weight of sb/sth in your hands or arms and take them/it from one place to another 拿;提;搬;扛;背;抱;运送He was carrying a battered suitcase.他提着一只破旧的手提箱。She carried a tiny baby in her arms.她怀里抱着一个很小的婴儿。How are we going to get this home? It's too heavy to carry.我们怎么把这个搬回家?它太重了,搬不动。 bear (bore, borne) [transitive] (old-fashioned or formal) to carry sb/sth, especially while moving 携带Her two sons helped bear the coffin.她的两个儿子帮忙抬着灵柩。Guests started arriving, mostly bearing gifts.客人陆续到达,大多带着礼品。 lug (-gg-) [transitive] (always used with an adverb or preposition 总是与副词或介词连用) (informal) to carry or drag sth heavy with a lot of effort 吃力地搬运;用力拖;使劲拉I had to lug his stuff all the way to the top floor.我得费力地把他的东西拖上顶楼。 cart [transitive] (always used with an adverb or preposition 总是与副词或介词连用) (informal) to carry sth that is large, heavy or awkward 提,搬(笨重物品)They carted the logs back up to the house.他们把木头搬回房子。 tote [transitive] (especially NAmE, informal) to carry sth, especially sth heavy 携带,搬运(尤指重物)They finally arrived, toting their bags and cases.他们拖着提包和行李,终于到达了。carry2


carry a bag/child 携带手提包;抱小孩Pipes carry the water away. 管道将水输送出去。carry ♦︎ convey ♦︎ transmit ♦︎ conductThese words all mean to take sth, especially sth that flows such as water or electricity, from one place to another. 这些词均表示输送、传输、传送水或电等流动的东西。PATTERNS AND COLLOCATIONS 句型和搭配to carry / convey / transmit sth to / from sthto carry / transmit sth through sthto transmit / conduct heat carry [transitive] to contain and direct a flow of liquid, gas or electricity 输送,传输,传送(液体、气体或电)The pipelines carry oil across Siberia.管道横贯西伯利亚输送石油。Blood vessels carry blood to every part of the body.血管将血液输送到身体各处。 convey kənˈveɪ [transitive] (formal) to take or transport sth from one place to another 传送;运送;输送Pipes convey hot water to the radiators.管道把热水输送到暖气片。The stone was conveyed by river to the site.河水将石头带到那一处。 transmit (-tt-) [transitive] (physics 物理) (of a substance) to allow heat, light, sound or another form of energy to pass through (物质)传(热、光、声或其他能量形式);透(光)Steam only transmits heat when it condenses.蒸汽只有在冷凝时才传导热能。This chapter explains how sounds are transmitted through the air.本章讲解声音如何在空气中传导。 conduct kənˈdʌkt [transitive] (physics 物理) (of a substance) to allow heat or electricity to pass through (物质)传导(热或电)Copper conducts electricity better than other materials do.铜的导电性能比其他材料好。
IELTS BNC: 283 COCA: 487
To carry something or someone: carry, hold, bring...
To take something somewhere: bring, deliver, take...
What roads, paths and areas of land do: ascend, bend, bifurcate...
Genes and genetics: carrier, carry, chromosome...
To feel an emotion: feel, experience, give up to...
To help someone: help, assist, support...
Words used to describe punishments: carry, commutable, disciplinary...
To make something possible: permit, allow, let...
To sell something: disintermediate, mis-sell, upsell...
To do something: do, perform, conduct...
To calculate or count: calculate, count, estimate...
Specific types of distance: carry, climb, depth...

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