set1 /set/ ●●● S1 W1 verb (past tensepst and past participlepp set, present participle setting) → sett 1 put 放置 [transitiveT always + adverbadv/prepositionprep]PUT written to carefully put something down somewhere 〔小心地〕放置，放下 set something (down) on something She set the tray down on a table next to his bed.
Mark filled the pan and set it on the stove.
set something down/aside The workmen set the box down carefully on the floor.
Remove the mushrooms and set them aside.
2 put into surface 嵌入表面 [transitiveT always + adverbadv/prepositionprep] to put something into a surface 嵌入〔表面〕 be set into something Gates should be hung on sturdy posts set well into the ground.
be set into the wall/floor/ceiling etc (=be built into the surface of something so that it does not stick out) 嵌入墙里/地板里/天花板里等 an alarm button set into the wall beside the door
Set is usually passive in this meaning.
3 story 故事 [transitiveT always + adverbadv/prepositionprep] if a film, play, story etc is set in a particular place or period, the action takes place there or then 〔电影、戏剧、故事等〕以…为背景 be set in something The novel is set in France.
be set against something All this romance is set against a backdrop of rural Irish life.
Set is usually passive in this meaning.
4 consider 考虑 [transitiveT always + adverbadv/prepositionprep] to consider something in relation to other things 与…作对比，把…放在一起考虑 set something against/beside something These casualty totals have to be set against the continuing growth in traffic.
This debate should be set in an international context.
5 establish STH 确立某物START something/MAKE something START [transitiveT] to establish a way of doing something that is then copied or regarded as good 制定，确立，确定 set the pattern/tone/trend etc (for something) Art and literature flourished and this set the pattern for the whole of Europe.
The prime minister’s fierce speech set the tone for the rest of the conference.
It is important that parents set an example (=behave well).
The outcome of the case will set a legal precedent.
His photographs set the standard for landscapes.
Freud’s views on sexuality set the agenda for much of the century (=people paid attention to the subjects he dealt with).
6 start STH happening 使某物开始 [transitiveT] to make something start happening or to make someone start doing something 使…开始；使〔某人〕开始做 set something in motion/progress/train A study by military experts was immediately set in motion.
The chief executive will set in train the process of finding a successor.
set something on fire/alight/ablaze (also set fire to something) (=make something start burning) 放火焚烧某物 Protesters set fire to two buses.
set somebody/something doing something Her last remark has set me thinking.
The wind set the trees rustling.
7 decide STH 确定某事 [transitiveT] to decide and state when something will happen, how much something should cost, what should be done etc 确定，安排〔某事〕 set a date/time (for something) The government has still not set a date for the election.
International companies set the price of oil.
set standards/limits/guidelines etc high standards of hygiene set by the Department of Health
8 start working 开始工作 [intransitiveI, transitiveT] to start doing something in a determined way, or to tell someone to start doing something 〔坚决地〕开始做；使〔某人〕开始做 set to work to do something They set to work to paint the outside of the building.
set (somebody) to work on something He’s about to set to work on a second book.
set (somebody) to work doing something The boys were set to work collecting firewood.
set somebody to do something Rocard set himself to reform public sector industry.
9 machine/clock etc 机器/钟等 [transitiveT]START something/MAKE something START to move a switch on a machine, clock etc so that it will start or stop working at the time you want, or in the way you want 设置，调整 Did you set the alarm?
5 Remember to set the video to record the film.
I set the oven to come on at 12.
set something to/at/on something Usually, the heating is set on ‘low’.
10 liquid/glue/cement etc 液体/胶水/水泥等 [intransitiveI]HARD to become hard and solid 凝固，凝结 How long does it take for the glue to set?
11. sun 太阳 [intransitiveI]DNDOWN when the sun sets, it moves down in the sky and disappears 落下，下山 OPP rise 12 set (somebody) a goal (also set (somebody) a task/challenge British EnglishBrE)TRY TO DO OR GET something to say what you or someone else will or must try to achieve 给某人定下目标[布置任务]/向某人提出挑战 It’s best to set realistic goals that you can achieve.
He set himself the task of learning Japanese.
13 set your heart/mind/sights on (doing) something WANTDETERMINEDto want very much to have or achieve something, or to be determined to do something 一心想/决心要得到[做]某事物 Ellen has completely set her heart on that house.
He set his sights on crossing the Pacific by balloon.
14 set a record BESTto achieve the best result in a sport, competition etc that has ever been achieved, by running fastest, jumping highest etc 〔在体育竞赛中〕创造纪录 The Kenyan runner set a new Olympic Record in the 3,000 metres.
set a record• I am absolutely sure that my friend Jimmy Wall and I failed in our attempt to set a record.• Average daily share volume set a record at 346 million shares a day, according to preliminary data from the exchange.• The 35 players who beat par in the first round set a record, beating the 33 who did it in 1991.• Excavated in 1,239 days, the 26,800-foot Elizabeth Tunnel set a record for hard-rock tunneling.• Meanwhile, Lakeside was setting records for the number of youths fishing there.• Walsh set a pentathlon record in 1953.• He won more than 1,000 cups and prizes as an amateur, setting records ranging from 1,000 yards to 12 miles.• The motion on the Local Government Finance Bill - which set a record - was also introduced before debate had begun.• A design for a tapestry by Rubens set a record when it sold for £748,000.• The Bulls set a team record with its 15th successive victory. 15. set the table DFDHto arrange plates, knives, cups etc on a table so that it is ready for a meal 摆好餐具〔准备开饭〕 SYN British English lay the table 16 set a trap b) TRICK/DECEIVEto invent a plan to try and catch someone who is doing something wrong 布下圈套〔诱捕某人〕 They decided to set a trap for him by leaving him in charge.
set a trap• She must remember to tell Mrs Cooke to set a trap.• She sets a trap and sets off a series of events that entangle household, family and friends.• The cheaters were caught when one teacher set a trap by casually leaving a copy of the test on her desk.• It may be necessary to set a trap for him.• Beatrix had set a trap for Maurice and he had walked straight into it.• They are setting a trap for me, she decided.• So Gharr no only had Mala but also knew our pod and had set a trap for me.• Or, you can set traps for them to prevent then from reaching the pots to lay their eggs. 17 set somebody free/loose FREE/NOT IN PRISONto allow a person or an animal to be free 放走某人[某动物] All the other hostages were finally set free.
set somebody free/loose• After six years in prison, Louis was set free. 18 set somebody straight/right TALK TO somebodyto tell someone the right way to do something or the true facts about something 纠正某人的做法[想法] set somebody straight/right on → set something right at right1(4), → set the record straight at record1(11) I set him right on a few points of procedure.
set somebody straight/right• Someone had to set Dave straight on company policies and procedures. 19 face 脸 [intransitiveI] written if your face or mouth sets into a particular expression, you start to have an angry, sad, unfriendly etc expression 摆出，显出〔某种表情〕 set into His mouth set into a rather grim line.
20. set your jaw to move your lower jaw forward in a way that shows your determination 表现出很坚决的样子 21 bone 骨头
a) [transitiveT]MH if a doctor sets a broken bone, he or she moves it into position so that the bone can grow together again 将〔断骨〕复位〔以便愈合〕
b) [intransitiveI]MI if a broken bone sets, it joins together again 〔断骨〕愈合
22 class work 课堂作业 [transitiveT] British EnglishBrEGIVE to give a student in your class a piece of work to do 布置〔作业〕 set somebody something Mr Biggs has set us a 2,000-word essay.
23 examination 考试 [transitiveT] British EnglishBrESEEXAM/TEST to write the questions for an examination 出〔考题〕 The head teacher sets the questions for the English exam.
24 printing 印刷TCN [transitiveT] to arrange the words and letters of a book, newspaper etc so it is ready to be printed 〔为书、报纸等〕排字，排版 In those days, books had to be set by hand.
25. hair 头发 [transitiveT]DC to arrange someone’s hair while it is wet so that it has a particular style when it dries 把〔某人的湿头发〕梳理成某种发型，做〔头发〕 → set somebody at (their) ease at ease1(2), → set your face against something at face1(21), → set something to music at music(5), → set the pace at pace1(7), → set pen to paper at pen1(3), → set sail at sail2(2), → set the scene at scene(9), → set the stage for something at stage1(7), → set great store by/on something at store1(6), → set the world on fire/alight at world1(26), → set the world to rights at world1(27) n COLLOCATIONS – Meaning 5: to establish a way of doing something that is then copied or regarded as good nouns set an example (=behave well in a way that other people can copy)
Parents should try to set a good example to their teenagers.
set a precedent (=do something that later actions or decisions may be based on)
This legislation would set a most dangerous precedent.
set the pattern/trend (=do something in a way that is later repeated)
That first day seemed to set the pattern for the following weeks.
set the tone (=establish a general mood or feeling)
The gloomy first chapter sets the tone for the rest of the novel.
set the standard (=be very good, and so show how good other people or things should be)
They wanted to set the standard for software.
set the agenda (=establish what subjects should be discussed)
We are not attempting to set the agenda for other women’s groups.
set the pace (=move or change quickly, so that others try to do the same)
With regard to industrialization, Britain set the pace in the first half of the nineteenth century.
n COLLOCATIONS – Meaning 7: to decide and state when something will happen, how much something should cost, what should be done etc nouns set a date/time
No date has been set for the election.
set a price
We set the price at £30.
set standards/guidelines (=decide on standards, rules etc)
The government has set new food quality standards for all school canteens.
Set strict limits on your spending.
26 set about something/somebody phrasal verbphr v a) START DOING somethingto start doing or dealing with something, especially something that needs a lot of time and effort 着手做〔尤指费时费力的事〕 A team of volunteers set about the task with determination.
set about doing something How do senior managers set about making these decisions?
b) ATTACK literary to attack someone by hitting and kicking them 攻击；对…拳打脚踢 They set about him with their fists.
set about doing something• Lou set about decorating their new house in blues and yellows. 27 set somebody/something against somebody/something phrasal verbphr v a) AGAINST/OPPOSEto make someone start to fight or quarrel with another person, especially a person who they had friendly relations with before 使…和…对立，使…和…反目 The bitter civil war set brother against brother.
b) set yourself against (doing) something to decide that you are opposed to doing or having something 坚决反对（做）某事，坚决不参加某事 She’s set herself against going to university.
c) set something against taxPET to officially record the money you have spent on something connected with your job, in order to reduce the amount of tax you have to pay 把…计入账里抵税 set something against tax• Parents can also set costs against tax. 28 set somebody/something apart phrasal verbphr v a) DIFFERENTif a quality sets someone or something apart, it makes them different from or better than other people or things 使与众不同，使优于〔其他人或物〕 from Man’s ability to reason sets him apart from other animals.
b) SEPARATEto keep something, especially a particular time, for a special purpose 留出，拨出〔作某种用途，尤指在某个时间〕 be set apart for something Traditionally, these days were set apart for prayer and fasting.
Set apart is usually passive in this meaning.
set apart• BAs gloomy as this prospect might be, it also set us apart.• A penchant for setting oneself apart and above mere mortals.• Such seriousness, intensity, and power in a young man set him apart and left an impression on others.• I was the first, but beyond that I see nothing to set me apart from anyone else.• His ugliness set him apart; his ugliness had made him vain.• What sets it apart is where it comes from.• They seemed to bend at the knee, setting their feet apart so that they could never be off balance when they moved.• What set it apart was the way irrigation and power production were linked. 29 set something ↔ aside phrasal verbphr v a) SEPARATEto keep something, especially money, time, or a particular area, for a special purpose 留出，拨出〔金钱、时间等〕 for Try to set aside some time each day for exercise.
a room that had been set aside for visitors
b) FORGETto decide not to consider a particular feeling or thing because something else is more important 暂不考虑，不顾；对…置之不理 Both sides agreed to set aside the question of independence.
c) SCLto officially state that a previous legal decision or agreement no longer has any effect 宣布〔以前的判决或协议〕无效，撤销，驳回 The judge set aside the verdict of the lower court.
d) if a farmer sets aside land, he or she agrees not to grow any crops on it, and accepts a payment from the government for this 〔农民同意接受政府的补贴而〕闲置〔农田〕，不耕种作物 30 set somebody/something back phrasal verbphr v a) set somebody/something ↔ backDELAY to delay the progress or development of something, or delay someone from finishing something 延缓〔某事的进展〕；阻碍〔某人完成某事〕；拖…后腿 Environmental experts said the move would set back further research.
Illness had set me back a couple of weeks.
b) informalCOST to cost someone a lot of money 使破费，使花费〔大笔金钱〕 set somebody back $50/£100 etc This jacket set me back over £1,000.
31 set something/somebody ↔ down phrasal verbphr v a) WRITEto write about something so that you have a record of it 写下，记下 I wanted to set my feelings down on paper.
b) SAY/STATEto state how something should be done in an official document or set of rules 〔在正式文件中〕制定，规定 Clear guidelines have been set down for teachers.
c) British EnglishBrETT to stop a car, bus etc and allow someone to get out 停车让…下去 The driver set her down at the station.
32 set forth phrasal verbphr v a) set something ↔ forth formalWRITESAY/STATE to explain ideas, facts, or opinions in a clearly organized way in writing or in a speech 〔书面或口头〕陈述，阐明〔观点等〕 SYN set out He set forth an idealistic view of society.
b) literarySTART DOING something to begin a journey 出发，启程 They were about to set forth on a voyage into the unknown.
33 set in phrasal verbphr v START TO HAPPEN, EXIST ETCif something sets in, especially something unpleasant, it begins and seems likely to continue for a long time 〔尤指不愉快的事〕开始，来临 Winter seems to be setting in early this year.
Further economic decline set in during the 1930s.
34 set off phrasal verbphr v a) LEAVE A PLACEto start to go somewhere 出发，启程，动身 I’ll set off early to avoid the traffic.
for Jerry and I set off on foot for the beach.
b) set something ↔ offSTART something/MAKE something START to make something start happening, especially when you do not intend to do so 引起，激发〔尤指意外事件〕 News that the claims might be true set off widespread panic.
Hong Kong’s stock market fell, setting off a global financial crisis.
In written English, people often say that something triggers a particular reaction or event, rather than sets it off, because it sounds more formal: 在书面英语中,人们说某事引发某种反应或事件时,经常用trigger,而不用set off,因为trigger听上去更加正式
This could trigger a global financial crisis.
c) set something ↔ off to make an alarm start ringing 触响〔警报系统〕 Smoke from a cigarette will not normally set off a smoke alarm.
d) set something ↔ offSCBEXPLODE to make a bomb explode, or cause an explosion 使〔炸弹〕爆炸；引发〔爆炸〕 Any movement could have set off the bomb.
e) set something ↔ offSUIT/LOOK GOOD TOGETHER if a piece of clothing, colour, decoration etc sets something off, it makes it look attractive 衬托某物；使某物显得更漂亮 The blue sundress set off her long blonde hair.
f) set somebody offSTART something/MAKE something START to make someone start laughing, crying, or talking about something 激起某人的某种情感〔指引起某人发笑、哭泣、谈论某事等〕 Don’t mention what happened – you’ll only set her off again.
g) set something off against taxPET to officially record the money you have spent on something connected with your job, in order to reduce the amount of tax you have to pay 把某事物计入账里抵税 Some expenses can be set off against tax.
35 set on somebody phrasal verbphr v British EnglishBrE a) set somebody/something on somebodyATTACK to make people or animals attack someone 使某人[动物]攻击某人 The farmer threatened to set his dogs on us.
b) if you are set on by people or animals, you are suddenly attacked by them 突然袭击 A thirty-five-year-old man was set on by four youths last night.
Set on is usually passive in this meaning.
c) set somebody on/onto somebody to give someone information about a person who you think has done something wrong, because you want that person to be found and caught 向某人告发某人 If I refuse, he’ll set the police onto me.
36 set out phrasal verbphr v a) START DOING somethingto start a journey, especially a long journey 动身踏上〔漫长的旅途〕 for Kate set out for the house on the other side of the bay.
set out on a journey/drive/voyage etc The band are setting out on a European tour in March.
b) PLANSTART DOING somethingto start doing something or making plans to do something in order to achieve a particular result 〔为达到某个结果而〕开始做某事，着手进行 set out to do something salesmen who deliberately set out to defraud customers
set out with the idea/purpose/intention etc of doing something They set out with the aim of becoming the number one team in the league.
c) set something ↔ outWRITESAY/STATE to explain ideas, facts, or opinions in a clearly organized way, in writing or in a speech 〔清楚而系统地用书面或口头方式〕陈述，阐明 He set out the reasons for his decision in his report.
d) PUT set something ↔ out to put a group of things down and arrange them 摆放，安排，陈列 The market traders began setting out their displays.
e) set out on somethingSTART DOING something to start doing something, especially something new, difficult, or important 开始做某事〔尤指新的、困难的或重要的事〕 My nephew is just setting out on a career in journalism.
37 set to phrasal verbphr v British EnglishBrE START DOING somethingto start doing something eagerly and with determination 起劲干，决心做 If we all set to, we’ll finish the job in half an hour.
38 set up phrasal verbphr v a) company/organization etc 公司/机构等START something/MAKE something START to start a company, organization, committee etc 建立，成立，创立〔公司、机构、委员会等〕 SYN establish set something ↔ up They want to set up their own import–export business.
new regulations for setting up political parties
set (yourself) up (as something) (=start your own business) 开业做（某种生意） John decided to set up as a graphic designer.
set up shop/set up in business (=begin operating a business) 开店/开始做生意 Now Betterware plans to set up shop elsewhere in Europe.
b) arrange/organize 安排/组织 set something ↔ upSTART something/MAKE something START to make the arrangements that are necessary for something to happen 安排某事 I’ll set up an appointment for you.
There was a lot of work involved in setting up the festival.
c) equipment 设备PREPARE to prepare the equipment that will be needed for an activity so that it is ready to be used 安装；架设；调试 The next band was already setting up on the other stage.
set something ↔ up Can someone set the overhead projector up?
d) build/put up 建立/竖立 set something ↔ upPUT to place or build something somewhere, especially something that is not permanent 〔尤指临时〕建起，竖起 They’ve set up roadblocks around the city.
e) trick SB 欺骗某人 set somebody ↔ up informalGUILTY to trick someone in order to achieve what you want, especially to make it appear that they have done something wrong or illegal 诬陷某人，给某人栽赃 Cox claimed that the police had tried to set him up.
f) provide money 提供钱款 set somebody ↔ up British EnglishBrE informalRICH to provide someone with money that they need, especially in order to start a business 〔尤指为帮助某人做生意〕资助某人，经济上帮助某人 After he qualified as a doctor, his mother set him up in a practice of his own.
Selling her share of the company has set her up for life.
g) healthy/full of energy 健康/精力充沛 set somebody upHEALTHY British EnglishBrE to make you feel healthy and full of energy 使某人觉得健康，使某人精力旺盛 A good breakfast will set you up for the day.
h) set yourself up as something to deliberately make people believe that you have the authority and skill to do something, especially when this is not true 装成…的模样 politicians who set themselves up as moral authorities
i) put SB in position 使某人处于某种位置 set somebody up to put someone in a position in which they are able to do something, or in which something is likely to happen to them 使某人处于某种位置，把某人置于某种境地 set somebody up for If he won the fight, it would set him up for a title shot.
Anyone with public duties sets themselves up for attack.
j) relationship 关系 set somebody ↔ up informal to arrange for two people to meet, because you think they might start a romantic relationship 介绍，安排〔两个异性〕认识 ‘How did you meet Nick?’ ‘A friend set us up.’
k) set up home/house (also set up housekeeping American EnglishAmE)LIVE SOMEWHERE to get your own home, furniture etc, especially when you leave your parents’ home to live with a wife, husband, or partner 〔尤指离开父母〕成家，过独立生活 Many parents try to help their children set up home.
l) NOISE set up a commotion/din/racket etc to start making a loud unpleasant noise 发出喧闹声/嘈杂声/吵闹声等 The party guests were setting up a steady din. → set up camp at camp1(1)
set up• Cahill has always protested his innocence, and insists that someone set him up.• It'll take a few minutes to set the camera up.• We've set up a microphone in the corner.• Dad set up as a builder in 1990 and now he employs over twenty men.• He wasn't guilty of the fraud. He'd been set up by his business rivals.• The Enterprise Center runs courses for people who want to set up in business on their own.• It was 6:30 and traders were already setting up their market stalls.• Kate and her partner are setting up their own printing business.• The whole thing was a set up to get Burley to confess.• Is this some kind of a set up? Why should I believe you? set (yourself) up (as something)• A small platform had been set up.• As a result, becoming an adult and setting up a household no longer mean the same thing.• Before you set up a plan, therefore, know what it is going to cost you.• Several have human resources consultancies, while Eversheds recently set up a risk management consultancy.• The invalid care allowance she receives is 33.70 a week Marian set up a support group for carers in Oxfordshire.• The agents backed off, setting up an armed perimeter around the house.• Instead, several accounts were set up and money got mixed up.• Staff have already set up eight extra beds, and other hospitals are preparing to help out. set somebody up• He said, following his arrest last fall, that the FBI had set him up.• Terry and Donald think I set them up, but it's all a big misunderstanding. set yourself up as something• Everyone thinks he can set himself up as a dramatic critic.• It's not that he wishes to set himself up as a leader.• He set himself up as a one-man cult.• After all, she was the one who'd set herself up as Jett's little helper.• Roads and Traffic in Urban Areas has, by its own proclamation, set itself up as the Bible for traffic planners.• She was too young to be setting herself up as the devoted handmaiden to the great man.• Why do they set themselves up as tradesmen if that's all they're going to do? set up home/house• These nests will shortly be visited by the female in whose larger territory the various males have set up home.• All the costs of getting a mortgage, moving and setting up home can run into thousands.• And he set up house for her in a bungalow further along the river, in a nice secluded part.• Why not just leave - set up home in a more tolerant spiritual pew?• Thousands of them have set up home in the eaves of this house in Banbury.• The two new Mr and Mrs Kim-Soons set up house next door.• Nor do I think that it is disgraceful if two men of a loving disposition should set up home together.• Desmond Wilcox was a grown man when he chose to leave his wife and children and set up home with Esther. set up a commotion/din/racket etc• Crickets set up a racket in trees out in the yard.