5eye 眼睛MDPROTECT a piece of material that you wear over your eye to protect it when it has been hurt 眼罩
He had a black patch over one eye.
6.decoration 装饰DCCDECORATEAmerican EnglishAmE a small piece of cloth with words or pictures on it that you can sew onto clothes 〔缝在衣服上带有文字或图画的〕缀饰，徽章SYN British English badge
7a bad/difficult/sticky/rough patchinformalDIFFICULTPERIOD OF TIME a period of time when you are having a lot of difficulty 艰难的时期
Gemma’s going through a bad patch right now.
Examples from the Corpus
a bad/difficult/sticky/rough patch• Ruefully, she recalled her pleasure at the way the book, after a difficult patch, had begun to develop.• Having hita bad patch, financially, I decided I must try for some paid work with my knittingmachine.• Sometimes I am a realpowerpack of efficiency; then I hit a bad patch.• Talk about hitting a bad patch.• Every team goes through a bad patch.• The Royal Family is certainly going through a rough patch.• Even when they knew he was going through a bad patch they would continue to deliverdangerous back-passes to him.• Evode has gone through a sticky patch.
8somebody’s patchBritish EnglishBrE informalLIVE SOMEWHERE an area that someone knows very well because they work or live there 某人了如指掌的地区SYN turf
Policemen know what’s going on in their home patch.
bald patch• It was thin and ragged, and foldedforward to hide a growing bald patch.• My hair falls out at the slightesttouch, sometimes leaving little bald patches.• If you crick your neck you might spot the odd bald patch, too!• Same-shaped bald patch, same fringe of white hair.• I noticed a small bald patch on the crown of his head.• More so than the bald patch at the back of his head.• But this can just meanpatchy regrowth, with bald patches, not the whole leg of hair disappearing.
patch up ... differences• And the couple are now taking an early-break break from their civicduties to patch up their differences.• But the pair, openly hostile by the end of last year, will patch up their mutual differences.• Phil Coleman ... patched up his differences with Steve Dowman at Wivenhoe.
1material over a hole蓋住洞的布VERB + PATCH | PREPOSITIONVERB + PATCH➤have有補丁◇Her jeans have patches all over them. 她的牛仔褲上滿是補丁。➤sew on/onto打補丁◇She wore a jacket with bright patches sewn onto it. 她穿了一件夾克，點綴着一些顏色鮮豔的補丁。PREPOSITION➤patch on⋯上的補丁◇dancers with patches on their costumes 服裝上打着補丁的舞蹈演員patch
2part of a surface that is different表面上不同的部份ADJECTIVE | PREPOSITION | PHRASESADJECTIVE➤irregular不規則的地方▸➤clear, coloured/colored, dark透明斑；色斑；黑斑▸➤damp, wet潮斑；濕斑➤dry乾斑➤sweat汗漬▸➤icy結冰的地方◇icy patches on the roads 路上結冰的地方➤bald光禿禿的小塊◇He has a small bald patch on the crown of his head. 他頭頂上有一小塊斑禿。➤rough粗糙的小塊PREPOSITION➤in patches在有些地方◇The velvet curtains were faded in patches. 天鵝絨窗簾有些地方褪色了。➤patch of一塊⋯◇There were some patches of clear blue sky. 天空中有幾處晴朗蔚藍的地方。➤patch on⋯上的小塊◇A large damp patch had appeared on the ceiling. 天花板上出現了一大塊潮斑。PHRASES➤a patch of colour/color一片色彩◇Flowers provide bright patches of colour / color. 鮮花帶來了一片片豔麗的色彩。patch
3piece of land地塊ADJECTIVE | PREPOSITION | PREPOSITIONADJECTIVE➤isolated偏僻的小塊地◇an isolated patch of forest 一小塊偏僻的林地➤grassy一塊草地➤bare一塊裸地▸➤berry, cabbage, potato, pumpkin, strawberry, vegetable一小塊漿果地／捲心菜地／馬鈴薯地／南瓜地／草莓地／蔬菜地➤briar (oftenfigurative, especially NAmE) 荊棘叢；困境◇The track passes through dense weeds and briar patches. 軌道穿過茂密的雜草和荊棘叢。◇This led Nixon into a political briar patch (= painful situation difficult to escape). 這導致尼克松陷入痛苦而又難以擺脫的政治困局。PREPOSITION➤in a/the patch在小塊地裏◇I spent Sunday working in my vegetable patch. 星期天我在我的小塊菜地裏忙活。➤on a/the patch在小塊地上◇located on a small patch of flat ground 位於一小塊平地上PREPOSITION➤patch of一小塊⋯地◇We found a nice patch of grass to sit on. 我們找了一小塊草地坐下來。patch
4 (informal) period of time一段時間ADJECTIVE | VERB + PATCH | PREPOSITIONADJECTIVE➤bad, difficult, rocky, rough, soft, sticky (BrE) 走霉運的／困難的／不順的／艱難的／疲弱的／不幸的時期▸➤purple (BrE) 巔峰時期◇The team has hit a purple patch, with nine wins from their last ten games. 球隊在過去 10 場比賽中贏了 9 場，到達了巔峰期。VERB + PATCH➤go through, have, hit經歷⋯時期；遭遇⋯時期◇Their business hit a sticky patch last year. 他們的生意去年遭遇了一段艱難時期。PREPOSITION➤patch of (especially BrE) ⋯的時期◇I was going through a patch of poor health. 我那段時間健康狀況不佳。patch
patch verb ⇨repairpatch noun ⇨patch (a white dog with black patches)⇨garden2 (the vegetable patch)⇨time2 (go through a rough patch)patch
patch ♦︎ dot ♦︎ mark ♦︎ spotThese are all words for a small part on sth that is a different colour from the rest.这些词均表示色斑、斑点。PATTERNS AND COLLOCATIONS 句型和搭配◆a patch / dot / mark / spot on sth◆with patches / dots / marks / spots◆a blue / black / red, etc. patch / dot / mark / spot■patch [countable] an area of sth, especially one which is different from the area around it（尤指与周围不同的）小块，小片◆a white dog with a black patch on its back 背上有块黑斑的白狗◆He had a bald patch on the top of his head. 他头顶秃了一块。◆There were damp patches on the wall. 墙上有片片湿渍。◆patches of dense fog 团团浓雾■dot [countable] a small round mark on sth, especially one that is printed（尤指印出的）点，小点，小圆点◆The letters 'i' and 'j' have dots over them. 字母i和j上面都有一点。◆The graphics are printed at 500 dots per inch. 插图按每英寸500个点的密度打印。◆She was wearing a yellow skirt with red polka dots on it. 她穿着一件黄底红点的裙子。◆The island is a small green dot on the map. 该岛在地图上是一个小绿点。◆Two helicopters appeared as black dots on the horizon. 两架直升机像两个小黑点儿，出现在地平线上。■mark [countable] a noticeable area of colour on the body of a person or animal（人或动物身上的）斑点，记号，色斑◆The horse had a white mark on its head. 这匹马头上有块白斑。◆Do you have any distinguishing marks(= marks on your body that help to prove your identity)? 你身上有什么标记吗？■spot [countable] a small round area that is a different colour or feels different from the surface it is on斑点◆The male bird has a red spot on its beak. 雄鸟喙上有个红点。◆ (BrE) She was wearing a white dress with red spots. 她穿着一件白底红点的连衣裙。