sys·tem /ˈsɪstɪm/ ●●● S1 W1 noun 1 related parts 相关部分 [countableC]SYSTEM a group of related parts that work together as a whole for a particular purpose 系统 a well-designed heating system
the digestive system
2 method 方法 [countableC]WAY/METHOD an organized set of ideas, methods, or ways of working 体制，制度；一套办法，一套工作方法 system of/for doing something We’ve got a good system for dealing with complaints from customers.
I don’t understand your filing system.
under a system Under the present system, we do not have any flexibility.
3 computers 计算机 [countableC]TD a group of computers that are connected to each other 〔计算机〕系统 The system has crashed (=stopped working).
4 somebody’s system BODYsomeone’s body – used when you are talking about its medical or physical condition 某人的身体（状况） 〔用于谈论病情或身体状况〕 All this overeating is not good for my system.
somebody’s system• I need to get some of the alcohol out of my system before I can even think about another party. 5. all systems go used, sometimes humorously, to say that you are ready to do something or that something is ready to happen 一切就绪〔有时为幽默用法〕 all systems go• However, it was now all systems go for the future. 6 the system RULE/REGULATIONthe official rules and powerful organizations that restrict what you can do 〔限制个人自由的〕既成秩序，现行体制，制度 You can’t beat the system.
beat the system• A special unit will be set up to stop crooks beating the system.• Very few beat the system and those who did were not much encouraged by Bloomsbury House.• If we can not beat the system, how can we get it to work for us?• You can't beat the system and shouldn't want to, because it represents a co-operative progress towards shared goals.• Available as both saloon and fastback, the Rover 820 Si 16v is designed to beat the system on two counts.• Prosecutors have warned that broader use of lie detectors will only give criminals another way to beat the system. 7 get something out of your system informalGET RID OF to do something that helps you get rid of unpleasant strong feelings 消除强烈的不快情绪 I was furious, so I went for a run to get it out of my system.
get something out of your system• I couldn't get the feelings of guilt out of my system.
8 order 秩序 [uncountableU]ORGANIZE the use of sensible and organized methods 条理；秩序 We need a bit more system in the way we organize our files.
COLLOCATIONS – Meaning 1: a group of related parts that work together as a whole for a particular purpose 系统 nADJECTIVES/NOUN + system a heating system (=in a building)
We’re waiting for the heating system to be repaired.
an alarm/security system
A new alarm system has been installed.
an air-conditioning system
The building hasn’t got an air-conditioning system.
the rail/road system (=all the roads or railways in a country)
Traffic problems are made worse by the country’s inadequate road system.
somebody’s digestive/reproductive/nervous system (=in someone’s body)
These vitamins are essential for a healthy nervous system.
somebody’s immune system (=they system which keeps your body healthy)verbs
Some drugs can damage the immune system.
ninstall a system (=put it into a building)
Our security system is simple to install.
a system works 系统有效
nThe air-conditioning system isn’t working.
na system fails/breaks down
If your immune system breaks down, you will be vulnerable to infections.
n THESAURUS system an organized set of ideas, methods, actions etc that you use to do something
the airport security system
the system for dealing with refugees
process a series of actions that are done in order to achieve a particular result
the process of teaching children to read
Repeat the same process, until all the sugar has dissolved.
procedure the official or usually agreed way of doing something
You must follow the normal complaints procedure.
Large companies have a standard procedure for informing new employees about conditions of work.
formula a method or set of principles that you use to solve a problem or make sure that something is successful
The team are hoping to use the same winning formula that they used last season.
There is no magic formula for success (=a method that is certain to succeed).
COLLOCATIONS – Meaning 2: an organized set of ideas, methods, or ways of working 体制，制度；一套办法，一套工作方法 ADJECTIVES/NOUN + system effective/efficient 有效的/高效的 It was a highly effective system of communication.
inefficient 低效的 He described the tax system as inefficient and unfair.
complex/complicated 错综复杂的 The Australian health care system is extremely complex.
nan elaborate system
The proposal has to get through an elaborate system of committees.
the current/existing system 现行/现存制度
nThe current system of taxation is unnecessarily complicated.
the political/legal/educational etc system 政治/法律/教育等体制
nThe country is rightly proud of its legal system.
the economic/banking system 经济/银行系统
nThere are fears that the whole banking system could collapse.
the health care system 医疗保健体系verbs
nThe West should be helping these countries to develop modern health care systems.
develop a system (=create a new one) 开发一套系统 The Environment Agency has developed a new national flood warning system.
introduce a system (=start to use it) 实施制度 The government has introduced a system of student loans.
adopt a system (=decide to use it) 采用制度 They decided to adopt the electoral system used in Britain.
use/run/operate a system 运用/运行一个系统 They use a system of grades to evaluate each hospital’s performance.
nWe operate a booking system.
a system operates/works (=exists and is used) 系统运行/运作 He tried to explain how the planning system operates.
a system works (=is successful) 系统有效
nThe public needs to see that the complaints system works.
a system breaks down/fails 系统出故障/停止运行
nAn alarm sounds a warning before the system breaks down.
na system collapses (=fails completely)
The European Exchange Rate system collapsed in the 1970s.
modernize/reform a system 使系统现代化/改革系统phrases
nWe need to reform the electoral system.
a system of government/education/justice etc 一套政府/教育/司法等体制 Why was Britain so slow to develop a national system of education?