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TOEFL BNC: 2057 COCA: 2182


Word family
a·ban·don1 /əˈbændən/ ●●○ W3 AWL verb [transitiveT]  
1 LEAVE A RELATIONSHIPto leave someone, especially someone you are responsible for 抛弃,遗弃〔某人〕 abandoned
 How could she abandon her own child?
2 LEAVE A PLACEto go away from a place, vehicle etc permanently, especially because the situation makes it impossible for you to stay 离弃,逃离〔某地方、交通工具等〕 SYN leave, → abandoned
 We had to abandon the car and walk the rest of the way.
 Fearing further attacks, most of the population had abandoned the city.
3 STOP DOING somethingto stop doing something because there are too many problems and it is impossible to continue 放弃,中止
 The game had to be abandoned due to bad weather.
 They abandoned their attempt to recapture the castle.
 Because of the fog they abandoned their idea of driving.
4 STOP DOING somethingto stop having a particular idea, belief, or attitude 放弃〔信念、信仰或看法〕
 They were accused of abandoning their socialist principles.
 Rescuers had abandoned all hope of finding any more survivors.
5 abandon yourself to something literaryEMOTIONAL to feel an emotion so strongly that you let it control you completely 沉湎于某事;陷入〔某种感情〕
 She abandoned herself to grief.
Examples from the Corpus
6. abandon ship ESCAPEto leave a ship because it is sinking 〔由于船在下沉而〕弃船(逃生)
Examples from the Corpus
abandonment noun [uncountableU]
Examples from the Corpus
abandon2 noun [uncountableU]  
CONTROLif someone does something with abandon, they behave in a careless or uncontrolled way, without thinking or caring about what they are doing 尽情;放任
with reckless/wild abandon
 They drank and smoked with reckless abandon.
Examples from the Corpus
From Longman Business Dictionary
abandona·ban·don /əˈbændən/ verb [transitiveT]
1to stop doing or using something because it is too difficult or unsuccessful
The company abandoned its takeover bid.
The power plant was abandoned before it was even completed.
2INSURANCE if you abandon a ship or its cargo, you accept that it is too badly damaged to be saved, and so give it up to an insurance company in exchange for an insurance payment
3abandon ship to leave an organization because you believe that it is going to fail soon
The chairman and most of the board members had already abandoned ship.
4abandon a case/claim/action etcLAW to no longer continue with a legal case etc
They decided to abandon their claim for damages.
abandonment noun [uncountableU]
Disagreements about policy led to the abandonment of the plan.
Origin abandon1
(1300-1400) Old French abondoner, from abandon surrendering, from a bandon into someone's power
a·ban·don1 verbabandon2 noun
TOEFL BNC: 2057 COCA: 2182


1leave sb/sth離⋯而去;丟下ADVERB | PHRASES ADVERBhastily倉促離開The town had been hastily abandoned.這個小鎮被匆匆離棄了。PHRASESabandon sb to their fate聽任某人由命運擺佈be left abandoned被遺棄be found abandoned被發現遭遺棄The car was found abandoned in a nearby town.那輛轎車被發現丟棄在附近的一個鎮上。


2stop doing/supporting sth停止做;停止支持ADVERB | VERB + ABANDON | PREPOSITION ADVERBaltogether, completely, entirely, totally完全/徹底/全部/統統放棄The government does not propose to abandon the project altogether.政府並不打算完全放棄這個計劃。effectively, largely, virtually事實上終止;很大程度上停止;幾乎停止This principle has now been effectively abandoned.這一原則事實上已被放棄。eventually, finally最終/終於放棄simply根本上廢除Traditional policies were simply abandoned.一些傳統政策根本就給廢止了。formally正式廢除abruptly, immediately, quickly驟然/立即/迅速廢除gradually逐步廢除quietly無聲無息地廢止The plans for reform were quietly abandoned.改革的諸多計劃都悄無聲息地終止了。temporarily暫時中止voluntarily自願放棄VERB + ABANDONbe forced to, have to被迫/不得不放棄decide to決定放棄PREPOSITIONfor為⋯而放棄He abandoned the army for politics.他棄戎從政。in favour/favor of放棄⋯而轉向⋯She abandoned her teaching career in favour / favor of singing.她為了做歌手而放棄了教師職業。
TOEFL BNC: 2057 COCA: 2182
abandon verb
abandon (abandon a vehicle) leave5 (abandon a baby) stop1 (abandon a match/an attempt/hope)


abandon ♦︎ desert ♦︎ vacate ♦︎ evacuateThese words all mean to go away from a building or place, leaving it empty. 这些词均表示离开、腾空。PATTERNS AND COLLOCATIONS 句型和搭配to abandon / desert / vacate / evacuate a building / house / hometo vacate / evacuate the office / premisesto abandon / vacate / evacuate sth immediately abandon əˈbændən [transitive] (rather formal) to leave a thing or place, especially because it is impossible or dangerous to stay (不得已)舍弃,丢弃,离开Snow forced many drivers to abandon their vehicles.降雪迫使许多司机弃车步行。They had to abandon their lands and property to the invading forces.面对侵略军,他们不得不舍弃自己的土地和财产。He gave the order to abandon ship (= to leave the ship because it was sinking).他下令弃船(因船快要沉没)。 see also abandon leave 5 , abandoned deserted desert dɪˈzɜːt; NAmE dɪˈzɜːrt [transitive, often passive] to go away from a place and leave it empty 舍弃,离弃(某地方)The villages had been deserted.这些村庄已经荒无人烟了。The owl seems to have deserted its nest.猫头鹰似乎已经弃巢而去。People are more likely to desert their homes because there is no longer work or food for them in the area, rather than because of danger. Desert is most often used in the past participle form, and is mainly used to talk about places where people have lived at some time in the past. 因为缺乏工作机会或食物而非出于危险而离开某地,用desert。desert常用过去分词形式,主要用来谈论以前住过的地方The house / croft / encampment / village / settlement had been deserted.房子/小农场/营房/村庄/定居点已经被遗弃了。 see also deserted deserted vacate vəˈkeɪt, veɪˈkeɪt, NAmE also ˈveɪkeɪt [transitive] (formal) to leave a building, room or seat, especially so that sb else can use it 腾出,空出(建筑物、房间或座位)Guests are requested to vacate their rooms by noon on the day of departure.客人须在离店当日的中午以前退房。 evacuate ɪˈvækjueɪt [transitive, intransitive] (rather formal) to move out of a place because of danger, and leave the place empty (从危险的地方)撤出,搬出Employees were urged to evacuate their offices immediately.已经敦促雇员立即撤离办公室。Locals were told to evacuate.当地居民接到了疏散的通知。 evacuation


[uncountable] the emergency evacuation of the building楼内人员的紧急疏散

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