attractive an attractive person looks nice, especially in a way that makes you feel sexually interested in them 有吸引力的，有魅力的〔尤指性感〕
She’s a very attractive woman.
A lot of women find him attractive.
pretty a prettygirl or woman looks nice – used especially about a woman who has a nice face 〔女性〕漂亮的，好看的〔尤指相貌标致〕
You look pretty with your hair down.
nShe has a very pretty face.
handsome a handsome man or boy looks nice – used especially about a man who has a nice face. Handsome is also sometimes used, especially in literature, to describe a woman who is good-looking and has a strong face 〔男子〕英俊的，漂亮的〔尤指相貌端正〕；〔女子〕美丽而轮廓分明的〔尤用于文学作品中〕
He was tall, dark, and handsome.
nShe was a big, handsome woman.
gorgeous/stunning spoken extremely attractive. Gorgeous is used especially by women 非常漂亮的，极其吸引人的〔gorgeous尤为女性使用〕
VERBS | ADVERBVERBS➤be, feel, look, seem, sound很美；感覺很漂亮；看上去很美；好像很美；聽起來很美▸➤become, grow變得美麗▸➤make sb/sth使⋯美麗◇We did all we could to make the room beautiful. 我們盡可能把房間佈置得漂亮些。➤find sb/sth覺得⋯很美◇He found her exquisitely beautiful. 他覺得她異常美麗。➤be considered被認為很美◇She was never considered beautiful at school. 在學校的時候從沒有人認為她漂亮。ADVERB➤extremely, fairly, very, etc.極其／相當／非常美麗▸➤exceptionally, extraordinarily, outstandingly, really, remarkably, supremely, truly, very異常美；極美；非常漂亮▸➤absolutely, perfectly, quite, utterly美得無可挑剔；十分美麗▸➤just, simply美極了◇'They're just beautiful,' breathed Jo, when she saw the earrings. “太美了！”喬看到耳環時輕聲說道。➤almost幾乎算得上美麗◇I remember her as pretty, almost beautiful. 我記得她挺漂亮，幾乎可以說很美。➤amazingly, astonishingly, breathtakingly, impossibly, incredibly, spectacularly, staggeringly, startlingly, strikingly, stunningly, unbelievably美得驚人；美得出奇；美得令人難以置信；驚豔➤naturally天生麗質◇She didn't need make-up. She was naturally beautiful. 她天生麗質，不需要化妝。➤uniquely無與倫比地美▸➤exquisitely精緻而美麗▸➤serenely寧靜而美麗▸➤classically, conventionally古典美；傳統美◇Her features were classically beautiful, with perfectly structured high cheekbones. 她的長相具有一種古典美，高高的顴骨顯得很完美。➤achingly, eerily, hauntingly, heartbreakingly, painfully, strangely美得令人心痛；怪誕美；美得令人難以忘懷；淒美；美得讓人感到不舒服；美得有點兒古怪◇a hauntingly beautiful melody 一段縈繞於心的優美旋律
a beautiful woman漂亮的女人a beautiful place美丽的地方beautiful ♦︎ pretty ♦︎ handsome ♦︎ attractive ♦︎ lovely ♦︎ cute ♦︎ good-looking ♦︎ gorgeous ♦︎ stunning ♦︎ strikingThese words all describe people who are pleasant to look at.这些词均形容人相貌好看。SYNONYM SCALE 词义标尺下图显示这些词所表达好看的程度
PATTERNS AND COLLOCATIONS 句型和搭配◆a beautiful / a pretty / a handsome / an attractive / a lovely / a cute / a good-looking / a gorgeous / a stunning / a striking girl / woman◆a beautiful / a pretty / a handsome / an attractive / a lovely / a cute / a good-looking / a gorgeous boy◆a beautiful / a handsome / an attractive / a cute / a good-looking / a gorgeous man◆a beautiful / a pretty / a handsome / an attractive / a lovely / a cute / a good-looking child◆a beautiful / a pretty / a handsome / an attractive / a lovely / a cute / a good-looking / a striking face◆a beautiful / a handsome / an attractive / a lovely / a cute / a gorgeous body◆really / quite beautiful / pretty / handsome / attractive / lovely / cute / good-looking / gorgeous / stunning / striking◆very / rather beautiful / pretty / handsome / attractive / lovely / cute / good-looking / gorgeous / striking◆strikingly beautiful / pretty / handsome / attractive / lovely / good-looking◆almost beautiful / pretty / handsome / attractive / good-looking■beautiful(especially of a woman or girl) very pleasant to look at（尤指成年女子或女孩）漂亮的，美丽的◆What a beautiful baby! 多么漂亮的婴儿！◆She looked stunningly beautiful that night. 她那天晚上明艳照人。◆She had a classically beautiful face. 她的脸有种古典美。OPPugly ⇨ ugly▸beauty
[uncountable] ◆She was a woman of great beauty. 她是个大美人。■pretty(especially of a girl or woman) pleasant to look at（尤指女孩或成年女子）漂亮的，俊俏的◆She's got a very pretty face. 她的脸非常俏丽。◆A pretty little girl was standing in the doorway. 一个俊俏的小姑娘站在门口。◆You look so pretty in that dress! 你穿那件连衣裙真漂亮！ⓘ Pretty is used most often to talk about girls. When it is used to talk about a woman, it usually suggests that she is like a girl, with small, delicate features. * pretty多用以形容女孩。如果用以形容成年女子，通常表示长得像女孩，五官小巧而精致。OPPplain ⇨ ugly■handsome ˈhænsəm (of a man) pleasant to look at; (of a woman) pleasant to look at, with large strong features rather than small delicate ones（男子）英俊的，漂亮的；（女子）健美的◆He was aptly described as 'tall, dark, and handsome'. 他被恰如其分地描述为“高大黝黑、相貌堂堂”。◆She was a tall, handsome woman. 她是高个头的健美女子。◆The bride and groom made a handsome couple. 这对新人男俊女靓。■attractivepleasant to look at, especially in a sexual way妩媚的；俊朗的；性感的◆She's a very attractive woman. 她是个非常迷人的女子。◆I like John as a person, but I don't find him attractive physically. 我喜欢约翰这个人，但不觉得他很帅。OPPunattractive ⇨ ugly■lovely (especially BrE) beautiful; very attractive美丽的；迷人的◆You've got lovely eyes. 你的眼睛很美。◆She looked particularly lovely that night. 她那天晚上特别妩媚动人。ⓘ When you describe sb as lovely, you are usually showing that you also have a strong feeling of affection for them.用lovely形容人时，通常表示说话者非常喜欢这个人。■cute (especially NAmE, informal) sexually attractive有性吸引力的；性感的◆Check out those cute guys over there! 瞧那边那几个帅哥！■ˌgood-ˈlookingpleasant to look at, often in a sexual way好看的；漂亮的；性感的◆She arrived with a very good-looking man. 她和一个非常英俊的男人一起到来。 see also looks ⇨ appearanceNOTE辨析 Attractive or good-looking?If you describe sb as attractive you often also mean that they have a pleasant personality as well as being pleasant to look at; good-looking just describes sb's physical appearance.用attractive形容人时，常常还表示这人不仅长得漂亮，性格也很可爱，而good-looking仅指长相好看。■gorgeousˈgɔːdʒəs; NAmEˈgɔːrdʒəs (informal) extremely attractive, especially in a sexual way非常漂亮的；美丽动人的；性感的◆He's got gorgeous eyes. 他的眼睛非常迷人。◆You look gorgeous! 你美极了！■stunning (informal) extremely beautiful or attractive极美的；极有魅力的◆You look absolutely stunning! 你看上去漂亮极了！■strikingattractive, often in an unusual way妩媚动人的；标致的；俊秀的◆He was a young man with dark hair and striking good looks. 他是个黑色头发、面容英俊的小伙子。 see also striking ⇨ markedbeautiful2
a beautiful woman漂亮的女人a beautiful place美丽的地方➡ See also the entry for magnificent另见magnificent条beautiful ♦︎ lovely ♦︎ attractive ♦︎ pretty ♦︎ charming ♦︎ scenic ♦︎ exquisite ♦︎ picturesqueThese words all describe things and places that are pleasant to look at.这些词均形容事物和地方美丽、迷人。SYNONYM SCALE 词义标尺下图显示这些词所表达美丽的程度
PATTERNS AND COLLOCATIONS 句型和搭配◆a beautiful / a lovely / an attractive / a pretty / a charming / a picturesque place / town / village◆a beautiful / a lovely / an attractive / a charming / a scenic / an exquisite / a picturesque setting / view◆a beautiful / lovely / pretty / scenic / picturesque spot◆beautiful / lovely / attractive / picturesque countryside / scenery / surroundings◆a beautiful / a lovely / an attractive / a pretty / an exquisite design◆a beautiful / a lovely / an attractive / a pretty / a charming / an exquisite voice◆a beautiful / a lovely / an attractive / a charming smile◆very beautiful / lovely / attractive / pretty / charming / scenic / picturesque◆quite beautiful / lovely / attractive / pretty / charming / exquisite◆rather beautiful / lovely / attractive / pretty / charming◆absolutely beautiful / lovely / charming / exquisite■beautifulpleasing to the eyes, to the other senses or to the mind美丽的；美好的◆'They're just beautiful,' breathed Jo, when she saw the earrings. “它们实在是太美了。”乔看到耳环时轻声说道。◆We sat and listened to the beautiful music. 我们坐下来聆听美妙的音乐。◆What a beautiful thing to say! 说得真好！OPPugly ⇨ ugly▸beautifully
◆She sings beautifully. 她唱歌很动听。◆a beautifully decorated house 装饰得美轮美奂的房子▸beauty
[uncountable] ◆The woods were designated an area of outstanding natural beauty. 这片森林被划定为超级自然美景区。■lovely (especially BrE) beautiful; pleasant to look at, listen to or experience美丽的；好看的；动听的；令人愉快的◆We travelled through some lovely countryside. 我们穿过美丽的乡间。◆It was a lovely evening－calm and still. 那是一个美好的夜晚－安宁而静谧。◆He has a lovely voice. 他有一副动听的嗓子。NOTE辨析 Beautiful or lovely?Lovely is slightly more informal than beautiful, used more in spoken English than in written English. Something that is lovely always has a warm quality that appeals not only to the eyes but also to the heart: lovely does not just describe physical appearance. Beautiful things often have this quality too, but they can appeal to the eyes and mind rather than the heart. * lovely不如beautiful那样正式，较多用于口语而非书面语中。用lovely形容的事物总带有温馨的特质，不仅悦目，而且能打动人心，故lovely并非仅指外表。用beautiful形容的事物也常具有这种赏心悦目的特质，但这种特质不一定能打动人◆The designs were pure, austere and coldly beautiful. 这些设计纯粹、简约、冷艳。◆The designs were pure, austere and coldly lovely.■attractivepleasant to look at吸引人的；令人愉快的◆This is a big house with an attractive garden. 这是栋大房子，有一个美丽的花园。◆Antique furniture is used to make an attractive contrast with a modern setting. 使用古董家具是为了同现代环境形成鲜明的对比。ⓘ Attractive is often used when the speaker or writer does not want to give the impression of being influenced by strong personal feelings or emotion.用attractive常常是说话者避免流露自己受强烈的个人情感影响，以示客观。OPPunattractive ⇨ ugly▸attractively
◆The room is arranged very attractively. 房间布置得十分宜人。■prettyattractive and pleasant to look at or to listen to without being large, beautiful or impressive赏心悦目的；动听的；小巧精致的◆That's a pretty flower－what's it called? 那花很漂亮，叫什么名字？◆Lydia－what a pretty name! 莉迪娅－多美的名字！ⓘ Pretty is often used to describe things that women and girls might be likely to find attractive. It is also used in a humorous way in some negative expressions. * pretty常用来形容成年女子和女孩可能会喜欢的东西，也以幽默的方式用在一些否定式短语中◆You should have seen him in his swimming trunks－not a pretty sight! 你应该见识见识他穿游泳裤的样子，真是一景呢！■charming (especiallywritten) very pleasant or attractive, especially in a way that is slightly old-fashioned令人着迷的，迷人的（尤指略带古风的）◆The cottage is tiny, but charming. 这间村舍虽小，却十分迷人。◆What a charming name. 多迷人的名字。ⓘ Charming is often used to describe places, but not countryside. * charming常用于描述地方，但乡村除外。 see also charm ⇨ interestnoun1■scenic ˈsiːnɪk [usually before noun] having beautiful natural scenery风景优美的◆Loch Lomond is an area of scenic beauty. 洛蒙德湖一带风景秀丽。◆We took the scenic route(= using country roads, not the motorway) back to the hotel. 我们选了一条景色优美的路线回旅馆。■exquisite ɪkˈskwɪzɪt, ˈekskwɪzɪt (ratherformal) extremely beautiful or carefully made精美的；精致的◆Look at the exquisite craftsmanship in this vase. 看看这只花瓶精美的工艺。ⓘ Exquisite describes things that are beautiful in a fine, delicate way, rather than a grand, impressive way. * exquisite形容事物纤巧精致，而非宏大壮观。■picturesqueˌpɪktʃəˈresk (of a place) pretty, especially in a way that looks old-fashioned（地方）秀美的，古色古香的◆This picturesque setting is perfect for a relaxing holiday. 这里风景如画，是轻松度假的理想之所。