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Word family
cause1 /kɔːz $ kɒːz/ ●●● S1 W1 verb [transitiveT]  
CAUSEto make something happen, especially something bad 导致,引起,使发生
 Heavy traffic is causing delays on the freeway.
 The fire caused £15,000 worth of damage.
cause something for somebody
 The oil spill is causing problems for coastal fisheries.
cause concern/uncertainty/embarrassment etc
 The policy changes have caused great uncertainty for the workforce.
 I’m sorry if I caused any confusion.
cause somebody trouble/problems etc
 You’ve caused us all a lot of unnecessary worry.
 Sorry, I didn’t mean to cause offence (=offend you).
cause somebody/something to do something
 What caused you to change your mind?
5Do not say ‘cause that someone does something’. Say cause someone to do something.
不要说cause that someone does something’. 而要说 cause someone to do something.
In everyday English, people usually use the expression make somebody do something rather than cause somebody to do something:
What made you change your mind?
nGRAMMAR: Comparison
Someone or something causes something:
Investigators are trying to find out what caused the accident.
Something causes a person or thing to do something:
The warmer temperatures caused the ice caps to melt.
The injury caused him to lose the game.
Don’t say: cause that someone does something
Someone or something makes another person or thing do something:
The warmer temperatures made the ice caps melt.
The injury made him lose the game.
Don’t say: make someone/something to do something
nCOLLOCATIONSMeaning 1 : to make something happen, especially something bad 导致,引起,使发生
cause a problem
The heavy rain has been causing serious problems on the roads.
cause trouble
I decided not to complain because I didn’t want to cause trouble.
cause damage
A fire had broken out and caused severe damage to the roof.
cause (a) disease
Scientists are trying to find out what causes the disease.
cause injury
Rugby is one of the sports that are most likely to cause injury.
cause pain
The infection can cause severe pain.
cause death
The famine caused the death of up to 400,000 people.
cause (a) delay
Bad weather caused delays at many airports.
cause an accident
75% of accidents are caused by speeding.
cause chaos/disruption
Floods caused chaos across much of the country.
cause concern/alarm
Environmental issues are causing widespread concern.
cause confusion
Teachers say the reforms will cause confusion in schools.
cause offence/embarrassment (=offend/embarrass someone)
How can I refuse the invitation without causing offence?
cause to make something happen, especially something bad 导致,造成〔尤指坏事〕
Bad weather has caused a lot of problems on the roads.
The fault caused the whole computer system to shut down.
make somebody/something do something to cause someone to do something, or cause something to happen. Make is less formal than cause, and is the usual word to use in everyday English 促使某人做某事/某事发生〔make不如cause正式,是日常英语的常用单词〕
What made you decide to become a teacher?
I’m sorry, I didn’t mean to make you cry.
Gravity is the force which makes the planets move round the Sun.
be responsible for something if someone or something is responsible for something bad, they caused it to happen 是造成某事的原因〔指坏事〕
The excessive heat was responsible for their deaths.
A small militant group was responsible for the bombing.
bring about something to make something happen – used especially about changes or improvements 引起某事,带来某事〔尤指变化或进步〕
The Internet has brought about enormous changes in society.
It’s important that we do everything we can to bring about peace.
result in something if an action or event results in something, it makes that thing happen 导致某事,造成某事
The fire resulted in the deaths of two children.
The decision is likely to result in a large number of job losses.
lead to something to cause something to happen eventually after a period of time 引起某事,导致某事
The information led to several arrests.
A poor diet in childhood can lead to health problems later in life.
trigger if one event triggers another, it suddenly makes the second event happen 引发,触发
The incident triggered a wave of violence.
An earthquake off Java’s southern coast triggered a tsunami.
precipitate formal to make a very serious event happen very suddenly, which will affect a lot of people 使突然发生,引发〔严重的事件〕
The withdrawal of foreign investment would precipitate an economic crisis.
The assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand precipitated World War I.
Examples from the Corpus
Related topics: Law
cause2 ●●● S2 W1 noun  
1 WHAT CAUSES something[countableC]CAUSE a person, event, or thing that makes something happen 原因,起因 effect
cause of
 Breast cancer is the leading cause of death for American women in their 40s.
 It’s our job to establish the cause of the fire.
5Do not say ‘the cause for something’. Say the cause of something.
不要说cause that someone does something’. 而要说 cause someone to do something.
2 GOOD REASON[uncountableU]REASON a fact that makes it right or reasonable for you to feel or behave in a particular way 理由,缘由 SYN reason
cause for
 There is no cause for alarm.
 The patient’s condition is giving cause for concern.
 The present political climate gives little cause for optimism.
have (good) cause to do something
 His father has good cause to be proud of him.
with/without good cause
 Many people are worried about the economy, and with good cause.
3 something YOU SUPPORT[countableC] an aim, belief, or organization that a group of people support or fight for 事业,理想,目标
 My father fought for the Nationalist cause.
cause of
 her lifelong devotion to the cause of women’s rights
 He has championed the cause of independence (=he has supported it publicly).
 You can get fit, and at the same time raise money for a worthy cause.
 Please give generously – it’s all in a good cause (=done in order to help people).
4 have/make common cause (with/against somebody) formalUNITE to join with other people or groups in order to oppose an enemy (和某人)携手合作;(和某人)协力对敌
5. LAW[countableC] lawSCL a case that is brought to a court of law 诉讼案件
lost cause at lost2(12)
nGRAMMAR: Comparison
You say the cause of something:
What was the cause of the problem?
Don’t say: the cause for the problem
You say there is cause for concern/alarm/complaint etc:
The doctor said there was cause for concern.
Don’t say: There was a cause for concern.
You say the reason for something:
What do you think was the reason for their success?
Don’t say: the reason of their success
You talk about the reason why something happens:
Can you tell me the reason why you did this?
COLLOCATIONSMeaning 1: a person, event, or thing that makes something happen 原因,起因
a common cause of something 某事的常见原因
Alcohol is the most common cause of road accidents.
the main/primary cause of something 某事的主要原因
Smoking is the main cause of lung disease.
a major/leading cause of something 某事的重要原因
In this country, debt is a major cause of homelessness.
nDrug abuse is the leading cause of crime and violence.
a direct/indirect cause 直接/间接原因
Government policies are the direct cause of the problems facing the economy.
the root cause (=the most basic cause) 根本原因
People often deal with the symptoms rather than the root cause of a problem.
the fundamental/underlying cause (=the root cause) 根本原因
nThe underlying cause of insomnia is often anxiety.
the probable/likely cause 可能的原因
nThe probable cause of the fire was faulty wiring.
discover/find the cause 找出原因
An investigation has failed to discover the cause of the epidemic.
determine/establish/identify the cause (=discover definitely what it is) 确定原因
nA team of experts is at the scene of the accident, trying to determine the cause.
investigate the cause 调查原因
nPolice are still investigating the cause of the fire.
the cause of death 死因
A snake bite was the cause of death.
die of/from natural causes (=die of illness, old age etc, not because of an accident or crime) 自然死亡
nHe died from natural causes, believed to be a heart attack.
cause and effect (=the idea that one thing directly causes another) 因果关系
nWhat happened was simply a question of cause and effect.
nCOLLOCATIONSMeaning 3: an aim, belief, or organization that a group of people support or fight for 事业,理想,目标
a good cause (=one that is worth supporting, for example a charity)
The money we are raising is for a good cause.
a worthy/deserving cause (=a good cause)
The Red Cross is a very worthy cause.
a just cause (=an aim that is fair and right)
The rebels believed that they were fighting for a just cause.
a noble cause (=an aim that is morally good)
He died for a noble cause.
the Nationalist/Republican etc cause (=their aims and organization)
The election results were a serious blow to the Nationalist cause.
support a cause
Giving money is only one way of supporting a good cause.
fight for a cause (=take action to achieve an aim)
Young people often want to fight for a cause.
champion a cause (=publicly support an aim)
He has championed the cause of renewable energy since the 1980s.
advance/further/promote a cause (=help to achieve an aim)
He did much to advance the cause of freedom.
be committed to a cause (=believe in an aim very strongly)
We are committed to the cause of racial justice.
be sympathetic to a cause (=understand an aim, and possibly support it)
They hope the new president will be sympathetic to their cause.
Examples from the Corpus
Origin cause1
(1200-1300) Old French Latin causa


1sb/sth that makes sth happen起因ADJECTIVE | VERB + CAUSE | CAUSE + VERB | PREPOSITION | PHRASES ADJECTIVEreal, root, true, underlying真正的起因;根本原因the root cause of the problem這個問題的根本原因deeper更深層的原因A deeper cause for resentment is the discrepancy in pay.導致怨憤的更深層的原因是薪酬上的差異。biggest, chief, clear, fundamental, important, leading, main, major, number-one, primary, prime, principal, significant最大的原因;首要原因;明顯的原因;根本原因;重要原因;主要原因common常見原因Smoking is a common cause of premature death.吸煙是導致早死的一個常見原因。likely, possible, probable可能的原因known, unknown已知/未知起因direct, indirect直接/間接原因immediate, initial直接/初始原因contributory促成原因hidden隱藏的原因VERB + CAUSEdetermine, discover, find, identify, pinpoint, reveal確定/發現/找出/辨明/準確查明/透露原因attempts to identify the immediate cause of the breakdown查明引起故障的直接原因的努力examine, investigate, study檢查/調查/研究原因know, understand瞭解/明白原因address探究原因CAUSE + VERBbe, lie in sth, remain起因是;起因在於⋯What are the causes of the crisis?危機的起因是什麼?The real cause of the problem lies in the poor construction of the bridge.問題的真正原因在於橋的建築質量很差。PREPOSITIONcause of⋯的原因the causes of blindness致盲的原因PHRASEScause and effect因果the cause of death死因due to natural causes, from natural causes, of natural causes由於/因為/基於自然的因素He died of natural causes.他是自然死亡的。the exact cause of sth, the precise cause of sth⋯的確切原因The precise cause of the accident is not known.事故的確切原因還不知道。have many causes, have several causes, have various causes有很多/多個/各種各樣的原因


2reason理由ADJECTIVE | VERB + CAUSE | PREPOSITION | PHRASES ADJECTIVEgood, great, real, reasonable, sufficient正當的/充分的/真正的/合理的/充足的理由VERB + CAUSEhave有理由We have good cause to believe that he was involved in the crime.我們有充分理由相信他涉嫌此案。find找出理由The experts may find cause to disagree with the school's decision.專家可能會找出不同意校方決定的理由。give (sb)給(某人)理由Her health is giving us great cause for concern.她的健康狀況讓我們十分擔心。show表明理由The onus is on government departments to show cause why information cannot be disclosed.政府部門有責任說明不能公開信息的理由。PREPOSITIONcause for⋯的理由There is no cause for alarm.沒有必要恐慌。PHRASEScause for concern, with good cause, without good cause, without just cause擔心的/有充足的/沒有充足的/沒有正當的理由


3aim that people believe in崇信的目標ADJECTIVE | VERB + CAUSE | PREPOSITION | PHRASES ADJECTIVEdeserving, good, just, noble, righteous, worthwhile, worthy值得為之奮鬥的事業;崇高的理想;正義的事業;偉大的目標;值得追求的理想The money she left went to various worthy causes.她留下來的錢用到了各種有益的事業上。favourite/favorite, pet (NAmE) 最喜愛的/鍾愛的事業bad, unjust錯誤的目標;不正當的事業common共同的事業The different groups support a common cause.不同的群體支持一項共同的事業。hopeless, lost (= one that has failed or that cannot succeed) 無望的事業;徒勞的目標charitable, environmental, humanitarian, political, social慈善事業;環保事業;人道主義理想;政治理想;社會理想communist, conservative, liberal, socialist, etc.共產主義、保守主義、自由主義、社會主義等事業VERB + CAUSEadvance, champion, embrace, fight for, further, help, promote, serve, support促進⋯事業;擁護⋯事業;為⋯事業而奮鬥;推動⋯事業;服務於⋯事業;支持⋯事業young men willing to fight for the cause願意為這項事業而奮鬥的年輕人She would do anything that would further the cause.只要是能促進這項事業的事情她都願意去做。be committed to, be sympathetic to投身於/贊同⋯事業join, take up加入/開始從事⋯事業She has taken up the liberal cause.她已經開始投入自由主義事業。plead聲援⋯事業He pleaded the cause of the local fishermen.他為了當地漁民的利益呼籲奔走。PREPOSITIONfor the cause of, in the cause of為⋯的事業;在⋯的事業中They were not prepared to sacrifice themselves for the cause of the country.他們沒打算為國家的事業而獻身。battles fought in the cause of decentralization為權力下放的事業而進行的鬥爭in a/the cause在⋯事業中prominent figures in the socialist cause社會主義事業中的著名人物PHRASES(all) for a good cause, (all) in a good cause (especially BrE) 值得做The function took a lot of organizing, but was all for / in a good cause.這個活動費了不少勁兒組織,但這是值得做的好事。
cause noun
charity (a good cause) reason (no cause for alarm) source (the cause of poverty)


 See also the entries for encourage 3, prompt and stimulate 另见encourage条第3义、prompt条和stimulate条cause ♦︎ result in sth ♦︎ lead (sth) to sth ♦︎ produce ♦︎ bring sth about ♦︎ give rise to sth ♦︎ create ♦︎ make ♦︎ induceThese words all mean to make sth happen. 这些词均表示使发生、导致。PATTERNS AND COLLOCATIONS 句型和搭配to cause / result in / lead to / produce / bring about / give rise to a / an change / shift / increaseto cause / result in / lead to / produce / bring about a reduction in sthto cause / result in / lead to / produce / give rise to / create problems / difficultiesto cause / result in / lead to / produce damage / frictionto cause / result in / lead to / bring about the collapse / destruction / demise of sthto cause / lead to / produce / give rise to / create speculation / uncertaintyto cause / lead to / give rise to / create discontent / dissatisfaction / resentmentto result in / lead to / produce improvements / successto inevitably cause / result in / lead to / produce / bring about / give rise to / create sth cause [transitive] to make sth happen, especially sth bad or unpleasant 使(坏事)发生;造成;导致Do they know what caused the fire?他们知道火灾的起因吗?Are you causing trouble again?你又要惹麻烦吗?Doctors say her condition is causing some concern.医生说她的健康状况开始令人担忧。The project is still causing him a lot of problems.这个项目仍然给他带来许多麻烦。The poor harvest caused prices to rise sharply.收成不好导致物价急剧上涨。 see also cause source noun reˈsult in sth

phrasal verb

to cause a particular situation, especially the loss or increase of sth; to have sth as a result 造成,导致(某事物的损失或增加);是⋯的成因Closure of the plant could result in the loss of thousands of jobs .工厂关闭可能导致数千份工作流失。In 1965 their work resulted in a Nobel Prize.1965年,他们的工作成果获得了诺贝尔奖。These policies resulted in many elderly and disabled people suffering hardship.这些政策使许多老人和残疾人饱受困苦。 see also result result noun , resulting , resultant related
lead to sth lead sth to sth

phrasal verb

(led, led)to be the reason why sth happens; to have sth as a result 导致;是⋯的成因The scandal ultimately led to his resignation.该丑闻最终导致他辞职了。A reward was offered for information leading to an arrest.提供线索使嫌犯被捕的人可获得赏金。These policies could lead the country to environmental catastrophe.这些政策可能会使国家陷入环境的灾难。Lead to sth is often used as part of a process of explaining or understanding sth. * lead to sth常在解释或理解某事的过程中使用。
produce [transitive] to cause a particular result or reaction 引起;导致;使产生A phone call to the manager produced the result she wanted.给经理打了一个电话就让她如愿以偿。The prime minister's speech produced an angry response from opposition parties.首相的讲话激起了反对党派的愤怒反应。The drug produces a feeling of great happiness and excitement.那种毒品会使人产生狂喜和兴奋的感觉。 ˌbring sth aˈbout

phrasal verb

(brought, brought)to make sth happen, especially to cause sth to change over a period of time or in a number of stages 造成,引起,导致(尤指渐进的或阶段性的变化)What brought about the change in his attitude?是什么使他改变了态度?It was this scandal that finally brought about her downfall.正是这桩丑闻最终导致她垮台。
give ˈrise to sth


(gave, given) (formal) to make or allow sth to happen or come into existence 使发生;使形成The novel's success gave rise to a number of sequels.这部小说的成功带来了一系列的续篇。The ocean gave rise to the first life on Earth.海洋孕育了地球上最早的生命。
create [transitive] to produce a particular feeling or impression 造成,引起,产生(感觉或印象)The company is trying to create a young energetic image.该公司正试图塑造一个充满活力的年轻形象。The announcement only succeeded in creating confusion.那个通告反而引起了混乱。 make [transitive] (made, made)to cause sth to appear as a result of breaking, tearing, hitting or removing material 造成(破坏、破损等)The rock made a dent in the roof of the car.石头把车顶砸了个坑。The holes in the cloth were made by moths.布上的窟窿是虫蛀的。 induce ɪnˈdjuːs; NAmE ɪnˈduːs [transitive] (formal) to cause sth or make sth more likely to happen 引起;导致;促进A glass of warm milk at bedtime may help to induce sleep.睡前喝一杯热牛奶有助于促进睡眠。Doctors will begin bringing him out of a drug-induced coma on Sunday.医生会在周日开始让他脱离药物引起的昏迷状态。 Induce is often used to talk about the effects that sth such as medicine, disease or injury has on the body. * induce常指药物、疾病或受伤等引发对身体的影响Hearing loss is often induced by exposure to loud noise.遭受高噪音常会导致听力受损。
Causes: cause, catalyst, source...
Reasons and excuses: reason, excuse, point...
Political beliefs and their supporters: anarchism, antidisestablishmentarianism, broad church...
Court cases and legal processes: action, admit, advocacy...
Miscellaneous legal terms: abatable, accession, accrual...
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^_^: Translate en To zh-TW


0_0: Translations of cause
  • # v.
    俾: cause, enable
    促成: assist, bring about, cause, facilitate, favor, favour
    促使: actuate, bestir, bring, cause, connive, impel
    導致: bring about, cause, create, lead to, result
    令: cause, make
    令人: cause
    惹: ask for, attract, cause, invite, offend, provoke
    使: apply, cause, make, send, tell to do, use
    使得: cause, make
    引: attract, cause, cite, draw, guide, lead
    引起: arouse, beget, cause, father, impassion, incite
    致: cause, devote, extend, incur, send
    致使: cause, occasion, result
  • # n.
    根底: cause, foundation, root
    故: acquaintance, cause, friend, happening, instance, reason
    來頭: backing, cause
    來由: cause, reason
    起因: cause, origin
    事業: career, cause, enterprise, facilities, plant, undertaking
    業: business, line of business, cause, employment, enterprise, industry
    因: cause, reason
    因緣: cause
    由: cause, reason
    原: cause, level
    緣故: cause, reason
    原因: cause, origin, reason, wherefore
    緣由: cause, reason

0_0: Definitions of cause
  • # noun.
    - a person or thing that gives rise to an action, phenomenon, or condition.
    * the cause of the accident is not clear
    - a principle, aim, or movement that, because of a deep commitment, one is prepared to defend or advocate.
    * she devoted her life to the cause of deaf people
    - a matter to be resolved in a court of law.
    * forty-five causes were entered in the list for the March session
  • # verb.
    - make (something, especially something bad) happen.
    * this disease can cause blindness
  • # conjunction.
    - short for because.
    * None

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