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(Mr. Ng 不推薦使用 Google 翻譯!)
IELTS BNC: 233 COCA: 232


Word family
Related topics: Currencies
mon·ey /ˈmʌni/ ●●● S1 W1 noun [uncountableU]  
1 MONEYwhat you earn by working and can use to buy things. Money can be in the form of notes and coins or cheques, and can be kept in a bank
 Don’t spend all your money on the first day of your holiday!
 The repairs will cost quite a lot of money.
2 PECMONEYmoney in the form of coins or notes that you can carry around with you 〔携带的〕钱,钱币 SYN cash
 You’ll find some money in my purse.
 I didn’t have any money on me (=I was not carrying any money).
Swiss/Japanese/Turkish etc money
 Don’t forget to get some Swiss money before you leave.
 We can change some money at the airport (=change it into the money of another country).
3 someone’s wealth, including all the property and other things they own 资产;财产;财富
 The family made their money in the woollen trade.
 He had lost all his money gambling.
4 the money informal the amount of money that you earn for doing a job 工钱,薪水,工资
 It sounds quite an interesting job, but I don’t know what the money’s like yet.
 You have to work long hours and the money’s terrible!
5 pay good money for something spokenSPEND MONEY to spend a lot of money on something 为某事物花大笔的钱
 Don’t let the children jump around on the sofa. I paid good money for that.
Examples from the Corpus
6 put/pump/pour money into something to give money to a company or business so that it will become successful and you will earn money from it in the future 把钱投入某事物,投资于某事物
 No one’s going to put money into the company while the market is so unstable.
Examples from the Corpus
7 there’s money (to be made) in something spokenBBBF used to say that you can earn a lot of money from doing a particular job or type of business 在某事物中有钱可赚,在某事物中有利可图
 There’s a lot of money in sport these days.
 Teaching can be very rewarding, but there’s no money in it.
Examples from the Corpus
8. I’m not made of money spokenRICH used to say that you cannot afford something when someone asks you to pay for it. 我没那么有钱
9 have money to burn RICHto have more money than you need, so that you spend it on unnecessary things 钱多得烫手,有用不完的钱
 Unless you’ve got money to burn, these expensive guitars are probably not for you.
Examples from the Corpus
10 get your money’s worth CHEAPto get something worth the price that you paid 让你的钱花得值
 At that price, you want to make sure you get your money’s worth.
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11. be in the money informalRICH to have a lot of money suddenly, or when you did not expect to 突然发财,发横财
Examples from the Corpus
12. money is no object informalSPEND MONEY used to say that someone can spend as much money as they want to on something 钱不成问题
Examples from the Corpus
13 for my money spokenSAY/STATE used when giving your opinion about something to emphasize that you believe it strongly 依我看〔用于强调对自己的观点非常有把握〕
 For my money, he’s one of the best TV comedians ever.
Examples from the Corpus
14. put (your) money on something to risk money on the result of a race or competition 在某事物上下注
Examples from the Corpus
15. I’d put (my) money on something spoken used to say that you feel sure that something will happen 我敢对某事物打赌;我对某事物深信不疑
Examples from the Corpus
16. my money’s on somebody/something  (also the smart money’s on somebody/something) spokenGUESS used to say that you feel sure someone will win a race or competition, or that something will happen 我打赌某人/某事会
Examples from the Corpus
17. money for old rope British EnglishBrE spokenEARN money that you earn very easily by doing a job that is not difficult 很容易赚的钱
Examples from the Corpus
18. put your money where your mouth is informalBELIEVE to show by your actions that you really believe what you say 用行动证明自己的话
Examples from the Corpus
19. money talks spokenPOWER used to say that people with money have power and can get what they want 有钱能使鬼推磨,金钱万能
Examples from the Corpus
20 be (right) on the money American EnglishAmE spokenPERFECT to be completely correct or right 完全正确
Examples from the Corpus
21. marry (into) money RICHto marry someone whose family is rich 和富家子弟结婚
Examples from the Corpus
monies, blood money, hush money, → give somebody a (good) run for their money at run2(12), → have a (good) run for your money at run2(13), → throw money at something at throw1(19)
have money 有钱
I didn’t have enough money to pay for it.
make/earn money 挣钱
She makes a little money by babysitting.
spend money (on something) (在某事物上)花钱
More money should be spent on training.
cost money/cost a lot of money 花费钱/花费很多钱
Good food doesn’t have to cost a lot of money.
save money (=use less money) 攒钱,省钱
Companies fired workers to save money.
make money (=make a profit) 获利,赚钱
The farm was beginning to make money at last.
lose money (=not make a profit, so that you then have less money) 亏损,赔钱
nThe movie didn’t attract audiences and lost money for the studio.
pay money (for something) (为某事物)付款
nHas he paid the money he owes you?
lend somebody money 借钱给某人
nMy dad lent me money to buy a car.
borrow money 借钱
nThey arranged to borrow money from the bank to buy a house.
owe somebody money 欠某人钱
nHe owes me money.
waste money (on something) (在某事物上)浪费钱
nDon’t waste your money on a computer that doesn’t have enough memory.
raise money (=do something to get money for a charity, school etc) 筹款
nThe Christmas fair raises money for the school.
nsave up money
She had saved up enough money to buy a car.
give somebody their money back (also refund somebody’s money) (=give money back to a customer) 退款给某人
nWe regret that we are unable to refund money on tickets.
money goes on something (=is spent on something) 钱花在某事物上
nAll the money went on doctor’s bills.
money comes in (=is earned and received) 钱到手,收到钱
nRob wasn’t working for a while, so we had less money coming in.
nmoney comes from something (=used to say how someone makes their money)
All of Dawson’s money came from drugs.
good money (=a lot of money) 大笔的钱
Preston earns good money as a lawyer.
big money informal (=a very large amount of money) 大钱
Basketball players make big money.
easy money (=money that you earn easily) 来得容易的钱
For many, selling drugs seems like easy money.
spending money (=an amount of money that you can spend on anything you want) 零花钱,零用钱
nWe had £500 spending money saved for our holiday.
pocket money/spending money British EnglishBrE (=a small amount of money that parents regularly give their children) 〔家长给孩子的〕零花钱,零用钱
nHow much pocket money do you get?
government/taxpayers’/public money 政府资金/纳税人的钱/公共资金
More taxpayer’s money should be spent on the railways.
a sum of money (also an amount of money) 一笔钱
£10,000 seemed a huge sum of money to me.
be a waste of money 浪费钱
Fancy clothes for a baby are a waste of money.
be value for money British EnglishBrE (=used when saying that something is worth the amount of money you pay for it) 物有所值
The holiday was excellent value for money.
COMMON ERRORSDon’t say ‘gain money’. Say make money.
不要说gain money’. 而要说 make money.
money what you use to buy things, in the form of notes or coins 钱,钱币
He spent all his money on computer equipment.
cash money in the form of coins and notes 现金,钱款
I didn’t have any cash with me.
currency the money used in a particular country 〔某个国家使用的〕货币,通货
The dollar gained in value against other currencies.
a single European currency
change money in the form of coins of low value 零钱
Do you have any small change?
a pocketful of loose change
note British EnglishBrE, bill American EnglishAmE a piece of paper money 纸币
a £20 note
a $5 bill
coin a flat round piece of metal used as money 硬币
She put some coins in the parking meter.
He took a coin out of his pocket.
a ten-pence/50-cent etc piece a coin worth a particular amount 一枚10便士/5角等硬币
Examples from the Corpus
From Longman Business Dictionary
moneymon·ey /ˈmʌni/ noun [uncountableU]
1FINANCEcoins, BANKNOTEs and BANK DEPOSITs (=money held in banks) used to buy things and to show their value
People are eating out less to save money.
Americans spent more money even though they earned less.
You should borrow money from the bank to pay for your course.
As an estate agent, he made (=gained) a lot of money buying houses cheaply and reselling them.
He has picked a difficult time to raise money (=obtain it for a particular purpose) from outside investors.
Money comes in the form of banknotes British EnglishBrE/bills American EnglishAmE, which are also called paper money, and coins. Cash can refer to money in general or to money in the form of banknotes or coins, but not cheques, credit cards, etc
The government has pledged more cash for the Health Service.
He paid in cash.
Money in electronic form, known as e-money/e-cash/e-currency, can be used to buy things on the Internet instead of using a credit card. Money stored on a smart card that you can use to buy goods in a shop is also called e-money. Currency is the type of money used in a particular country
Your bank can supply you with foreign currency.
Legal tender is the banknotes and coins that are officially used in a particular place
The notes ceased to be legal tender in August of this year.
The denomination of a banknote or coin is the value that is shown on it
A lot of our customers request small denomination notes because they are useful for tips.
conduct money danger money easy money fall money funny money hush money paper money plastic money spending money
2all the money that a country, organization, or person owns
The business collapsed and we lost all our money.
new money old money
3FINANCEmoney used for investmentSYN capital
a plan to inject money into the company
foreigners who wanted to put money into (=invest in) US stocks
fresh money hot money idle money seed money
4FINANCEused to talk about what it costs to borrow money
cheap money dear money easy money one-month money one-year money
5ECONOMICSused to talk about the MONEY SUPPLY (=the amount of money in the economy at a particular time)
bank money broad money narrow money near money
6COMMERCEmoney paid by someone to prove that they are serious about buying something or about doing business
caution money deposit money good-faith money key money
7at the money/in the money/out of the moneyFINANCE in OPTIONS TRADING (=buying and selling the right to buy shares etc at a later date for a particular price), an option is at the money when the EXERCISE PRICE (=the price at which the shares etc can be bought using the option) is the same as the MARKET PRICE (=the current price of the shares on the stockmarket). A CALL OPTION (=the right to buy particular shares) is in the money when the exercise price is below the market price and out of the money when it is above it
Origin money
(1200-1300) Old French moneie, from Latin moneta mint, money, from Moneta, name given to Juno, the goddess in whose temple the ancient Romans produced money
mon·ey noun

LDOCE Online
IELTS BNC: 233 COCA: 232


ADJECTIVE | ... OF MONEY | VERB + MONEY | MONEY + VERB | MONEY + NOUN | PREPOSITION | PHRASES ADJECTIVEbig大錢There is big money in golf for the top players.頂尖高爾夫球手能掙大錢。easy來得容易的錢He started stealing as a way of making easy money.他開始偷東西,靠這種手段輕鬆獲取錢財。bonus, extra獎金;外快 Whenever I have a little extra money, I buy clothes.只要有點兒外快,我就買衣服。hard-earned辛苦賺來的錢federal, government, public, taxpayers'聯邦政府的錢;政府的錢;公眾的錢;納稅人的錢Is this a good way to spend taxpayers' money?這樣用納稅人的錢好嗎?private個人錢財corporate企業的錢pin, pocket, spending零用錢Did your parents give you pocket money when you were little?小時候父母給你零花錢嗎?I don't know how much spending money to take on honeymoon.我不知道該帶多少零用錢去度蜜月。gas, lunch, petrol, rent煤氣錢;午飯錢;汽油錢;房租錢She gave him $5 lunch money.她給了他 5 美元午飯錢。He spent their rent money on beer.他拿他們付租金的錢去買啤酒了。bail保釋金prize獎金grant, scholarship資助款;獎學金sponsorship贊助金borrowed, stolen借來的錢;偷來的錢dirty非法錢財bribe, ransom賄賂金;贖金They demanded $1 million in ransom money.他們索要 100 萬美元的贖金。hush, protection封口費;保護費The company paid hush money to the victims to keep them quiet.公司給受害人付了封口費。soft (NAmE) 軟性捐款He contributed $180 000 in soft money (= unregulated political donations) to the party committee.他向該黨委員會捐贈 18 萬美元軟性捐款。pension, retirement養老金;退休金seed本錢oil石油資金The new airport terminal was built with oil money.新的航站樓是用石油資金建造的。paper紙幣The collection box was full of coins and paper money.募捐箱裏裝滿了硬幣和紙幣。counterfeit, fake (especially NAmE) 偽鈔;假幣Monopoly, play (especially NAmE) 玩具鈔;假錢... OF MONEYamount, sum一筆錢the large sums of money we handle in this store我們在這個商店經手的大筆錢款VERB + MONEYhave有錢I don't have any money left.我一分錢都沒有了。coin, print鑄幣;印鈔count, count out數錢borrow, bring in, collect, earn, get, make, raise, receive借錢;掙錢;募錢;賺錢;籌款;拿到錢He hoped the plan would bring in quite a bit of money.他希望這個計劃能掙大錢。Some people were in the street collecting money for charity.一些人在街上為慈善事業募捐。How much money did he earn last year?他去年掙了多少錢?I'll have to get some more money from somewhere.我得想辦法再從什麼地方弄點兒錢。bank, deposit, pay in, pay into the bank, put in the bank, put into the bank把錢存進銀行;存錢The stallholders bank their money at the end of the day.攤販們結束一天的生意後把錢存入銀行。I need to pay this money in today.我今天得把錢存進銀行。I pay my money into the bank as soon as I get paid.我一拿到報酬就存進銀行。draw out, get out, take out, withdraw從銀行取錢;提取錢款divert, move, transfer轉移錢款;轉賬The money was transferred into an offshore bank account.那筆錢轉進了一個海外銀行賬戶。pay out, shell out, spend付出錢;付(一大筆)錢;花錢I spent all the money on clothes.我把那些錢全都花在衣服上了。fritter away, lose, squander, throw away, waste浪費金錢;輸錢;亂花錢;揮霍金錢;浪費錢She lost a lot of money at the casino.她在賭場輸掉了很多錢。He squandered his money on gambling.他把金錢揮霍在賭博上。run out of花光錢款We ran out of money and had to come home early.我們錢都花光了,不得不提早回家。be careful with, hoard, save, set aside, stash away花錢很小心;積存錢;存錢;留出錢;攢錢an old miser who hoarded his money積蓄錢財的老吝嗇鬼We're trying to set some money aside for a new car.我們正使勁攢錢買新車。She stashed the money away in the bank.她把錢存進了銀行。invest, tie up投資;把錢擱死They sensibly invested their prize money rather than spending it.他們明智地把獎金用於投資而不是花掉。All their money was tied up in long-term investments.他們所有的錢都擱死在長線投資上了。pour, pump, put, sink投入大筆金錢;注資;放錢;投錢Investors were pouring money into Internet start-ups.投資者把大筆錢投進因特網創業公司。He sank most of his money into his struggling business.他把自己的大部份錢都砸在他那勉力維持的生意裏了。contribute, donate, give sb, lend sb, loan sb, pay (sb), provide (sb with), put up捐錢;給某人錢;借給某人錢;貸給某人錢;付錢(給某人);(為某人)提供金錢Half the money raised was donated to charity.募集來的錢一半捐給了慈善事業。He managed to persuade his friend to put up the money for the venture.他說服了朋友為這個風險項目投資。give (sb) back, pay (sb) back, refund (sb), repay (sb)還錢(給某人);退還錢款(給某人);償還借款(給某人)I'll pay the money back next week, I promise.我保證下週還錢。The manager was unwilling to refund my money.經理不願意給我退錢。owe (sb)欠(某人)錢They owe lots of people money.他們欠很多人錢。pool, share湊錢;均分錢The friends pooled their money to buy tickets.這些朋友湊錢買了票。accept, take收下錢款;接受(某種)錢幣I don't think they'll accept Mexican money on the plane.我想飛機上他們不收墨西哥幣。The stores were very happy to take his money.商店都很樂意收他支付的貨幣。cost花費錢These cars cost a lot of money.這些轎車售價不菲。All these improvements will cost money.所有這些改善都是要花錢的。be worth值⋯錢That painting is worth a lot of money.那幅畫值很多錢。change, exchange換錢;兌換錢We changed our money into dollars at the airport.我們在機場把我們帶的錢兌換成了美元。allocate, earmark劃撥錢款;撥出專款The quality of public health care depends on the amount of money allocated to it.公共衞生保健水平取決於劃撥的錢款額度。This money has been earmarked for public projects.這筆錢已指定用於公共項目。channel, direct, funnel (NAmE) 輸送資金;引導資金流向Some of this money was funneled to secret CIA programs.這筆錢一部份撥給了中央情報局的機密項目。embezzle, extort, siphon off, steal挪用/侵佔/抽走/盜竊錢款Government officials were siphoning off money for personal gain.政府官員們把錢抽走用於謀取私利。launder洗錢He was charged with laundering money.他被指控洗錢。MONEY + VERBcome from sth錢來自⋯Money for the extension to the gallery came from the sale of old exhibits.擴建美術館的錢款來自售出舊展品的收入。go (on sth), go to錢(在⋯上)花掉;錢花在⋯上I don't know where all the money goes!我不知道錢都花在哪兒了!All his money went on women.他所有的錢都花在女人身上了。Most of the money went to pay for food.大部份錢都花在食物上了。come in, flow in, pour in, pour into sth錢款進賬;錢款流入;錢款湧入(⋯)She had two children to support and no money coming in.她要養活兩個孩子,卻沒有任何收入。buy sth金錢購買⋯the best car that money can buy用錢能夠買到的最好的轎車MONEY + NOUNmanagement理財manager理財經理You could consider hiring a professional money manager.你可以考慮雇一名專業的理財經理。problems錢的問題laundering洗錢launderer洗錢者market短期資金市場He made a fortune dealing on the money markets.他在短期資金市場上發了一筆大財。supply貨幣供應The solution to inflation lies in the control of the money supply.通貨膨脹問題的解決取決於對貨幣供應的管控。box (especially BrE) 儲錢罐order (NAmE) 匯票PREPOSITIONfor money為了錢He'll do anything for money!為了錢,他什麼都會幹!money for用作⋯的錢Where's the money for the milk?買牛奶的錢在哪兒?PHRASESbet money on sth, put money on sth在⋯上下賭注He's going to leave. I'd bet money on it.他要走,我敢打賭。He stopped to put money on a horse.他停下來在一匹馬上下了注。get money off sth從⋯中減去錢You might get some money off the price if it's an old model.如果是舊型號,可以折一部份價。get your money's worth錢花得上算The boat trip lasts three hours, so you certainly get your money's worth.乘船遊覽有 3 個小時,你的錢當然花得值。on the money完全正確His prediction was right on the money.他的預言對極了。put money in sb's pocket往某人口袋裏放錢The Senate recognized the need to put more money in the pockets of dairy farmers.參議院認識到有必要往奶農們口袋裏多放些錢。the smart money is on sth, the smart money says sth消息靈通人士把賭注押在⋯上;瞭解內情的人說⋯The smart money is on Brazil to win.知情者賭巴西勝出。take money off sth從⋯中扣除錢款He felt sorry for her and took some money off her bill.他很同情她,免去了她賬單上的一部份應付款。throw money at sth在⋯上大把花錢They tend to throw money at problems without trying to work out the best solution.他們往往遇到困難就大把花錢,而不是盡力去找出最好的解決辦法。throw your money around大肆揮霍金錢He thinks he can make friends by throwing his money around.他認為只要肯花錢就能交到朋友。value for money物有所值The hotel gives value for money.這家賓館提供的服務的確物有所值。 topic at business
IELTS BNC: 233 COCA: 232
money noun
money1 (make money) money2 (count the money) money3 (the family's money)


make money 赚钱count the money 点钞the family's money 家产money ♦︎ cash ♦︎ funds ♦︎ capital ♦︎ finance ♦︎ meansThese are all words for money that can be used to buy things. 这些词均表示钱、资金。PATTERNS AND COLLOCATIONS 句型和搭配government / public money / cash / funds / capital / financeto have / lack (the) money / cash / funds / capital / finance / the means ( to do sth)to be short of money / cash / funds / capitalto raise / provide / put up money / cash / funds / capital / finance (for sth)to get / obtain money / cash / funds / finance (for sth)to spend / borrow / invest money / cash / funds / capitalto lend money / cash / fundsto pay / save money / cash money [uncountable] what you earn by working or by selling things, and use to buy things 钱;薪水;收入He hoped the project would make money.他希望这个项目能赚钱。He returned the new TV to the store and got his money back.他将新电视机退还给商店,拿到了退款。This desk is worth a lot of money.这张书桌值很多钱。The money (= the pay) is great in my new job.我的新工作薪水很高。 See also the entry for income 另见income条 cash [uncountable] (informal) money that is available to be spent 金钱;资金She refused to part with her hard-earned cash.她拒绝交出辛苦挣来的钱。The company is strapped for cash (= without enough money).公司现在缺钱。 funds [plural] money that is available to be spent 金钱;资金The hospital is trying to raise funds for a new kidney machine.医院正设法筹钱购买一台新的血液透析器。 see also fund fund noun , fund fund verb , funding investment NOTE 辨析 Cash or funds? Cash is more informal than funds but both words can be used in both a personal and a business context. * cash不如funds正式,但二者均可用于个人语境和商务语境I'm / The government is short of cash / funds.我/政府缺钱。 Cash, but not funds, can be used like an adjective before other nouns. * cash可像形容词一样用在其他名词前,但funds不能这样用The company is having cash flow problems.公司的资金周转出现了问题。The company is having funds flow problems. capital [uncountable, singular] money or property that is owned by a business or person; money that is invested in a business 财富;财产;资本;资金We don't have enough capital to buy new premises.我们没有足够的资金来购置新的营业场所。Our capital is all tied up in property.我们的资金全都投在了房地产上,无法动用。capital assets / goods / stock (= wealth in the form of buildings, equipment, etc.) 资本资产/货物/存量 finance [uncountable] (rather formal) money used to run a business, activity or project 资金Finance for education comes from taxpayers.教育经费来自纳税人。 Finances [plural] are the money available to a person, organization or country or the way this money is managed. 复数形式的finances指个人、组织或国家的财力或财务管理Moving house put a severe strain on our finances.搬家使我们的经济十分紧张。The firm's finances are basically sound.公司的财务状况大体上还不错。 see also finance finance noun , finance fund verb means [plural] the money or income that a person has and can use to pay for things (个人的)财富,钱财People should pay according to their means (= according to what they can afford).人应该依据自己的负担能力来消费。Private school fees are beyond the means of most people (= more than they can afford).私立学校的费用是大多数人无力支付的。Try to live within your means (= not spend more money than you have).要尽可能量入为出。money2


make money 赚钱count the money 点钞the family's money 家产money ♦︎ cash ♦︎ changeThese are all words for money in the form of coins or paper notes. 这些词均表示钱币、钞票。PATTERNS AND COLLOCATIONS 句型和搭配to draw out / get out / take out / withdraw money / cashready money / cash (= money that you have available to spend immediately) money [uncountable] money in the form of coins or paper notes 钱币;钞票I counted the money carefully.我仔细点过这笔钱。Where can I change my money into dollars?什么地方能把我的钱兑换成美元?paper money (= money that is made of paper, not coins) 纸币 cash [uncountable] money in the form of coins or paper notes 钱币;钞票How much cash do you have on you?你身上带着多少现金?Payments can be made by cheque or in cash.支票或现金付款均可。Customers are offered a 10% discount if they pay cash.顾客若付现金,可获九折优惠。petty cash (= a small amount of money kept in an office for small payments) 办公室的小额备用现金 see also cash cash verb NOTE 辨析 Money or cash?If it is important to contrast money in the form of coins and notes and money in other forms, use cash. 强调现金而非其他形式的货币时用cashHow much money / cash do you have on you?你身上带着多少现金?Payments can be made by cheque or in money. Customers are offered a discount if they pay money. change [uncountable] the money that you get back when you have paid for sth giving more money than the amount it costs; coins rather than paper money 找给的零钱;找头;辅币;硬币That's 40p change.这是找给您的40便士。The ticket machine doesn't give change.自动售票机不找零。Do you have any change for the ticket machine?你有可以在自动售票机购票的硬币吗?a dollar in change (= coins that together are worth one dollar) 总值一元钱的硬币Can you give me change for a ten pound note (= coins or notes that are worth this amount)?你能换给我10英镑的零钱吗?I didn't have any small change (= coins of low value) to leave as a tip.我没有零钱留下来付小费。 see also change cash verb money3


make money 赚钱count the money 点钞the family's money 家产money ♦︎ wealth ♦︎ fortune ♦︎ prosperity ♦︎ riches ♦︎ affluenceThese are all words for the large amount of money and/or property that a rich person, organization or society has. 这些词均表示钱财、财产、财富。PATTERNS AND COLLOCATIONS 句型和搭配(a) great wealth / fortune / prosperity / riches / affluencegrowing / increasing / rising wealth / prosperity / affluence(a) personal / family money / wealth / fortune / prosperity(a) private money / wealth / fortune / affluencepublic money / prosperitynational wealth / prosperityto have / possess / accumulate / acquire / inherit money / wealth / a fortune / richesto bring money / wealth / prosperity / riches / affluenceto create money / wealth / prosperity / affluenceto make money / a fortune (on / out of sth) money [uncountable] all the money and property that sb owns (个人的)财产,财富He lost all his money in the 1929 stock market crash.他在1929年的股市崩盘中失去了全部财产。The family made their money in the 18th century.这个家族在18世纪创下了家业。 wealth [uncountable] a large amount of money and property that a person, organization or country owns; the state of being rich 钱财;财富;富有;富裕She called for a redistribution of wealth and power in society.她呼吁对社会的财富和权力进行重新分配。The purpose of industry is to create wealth.勤劳的目的是致富。OPP poverty poverty see also wealthy rich fortune [countable, usually singular] a large amount of money 大笔的钱;巨款She inherited a share of the family fortune.她继承了一份家产。You don't have to spend a fortune to give your family tasty, healthy meals.让家里人顿顿吃得美味又健康并不需要花很多钱。That ring must be worth a fortune.那枚戒指肯定价值不菲。A car like that costs a small fortune (= a lot of money).像这样的轿车要花一大笔钱。 prosperity prɒˈsperəti; NAmE prɑːˈsperəti [uncountable] (often approving) the state of being financially successful and able to enjoy a good standard of living 兴旺;富裕;繁荣The future prosperity of the region depends on economic growth.该地区未来的繁荣昌盛依赖经济的发展。The country is enjoying a period of peace and prosperity.国家正值太平盛世。 see also prosper do well , prosperous rich riches [plural] (literary) large amounts of money and valuable or beautiful possessions 财富;财产He embarked on a business career that eventually brought him fame and riches.他进入商界,最终名利双收。 see also rich rich affluence ˈæfluəns [uncountable] (sometimes disapproving) the state of being financially successful and able to enjoy a good standard of living 兴旺;富裕;繁荣The 1950s were an age of affluence in America.20世纪50年代是美国的富足时期。 see also affluent rich NOTE 辨析 Prosperity or affluence? Affluence is often used to contrast rich people or societies with poor ones, in a way that suggests that it is not always a good thing. * afflunce常用以对比富人和穷人、富裕的社会和贫穷的社会,暗示富裕并非总是好事the city's mixture of private affluence and public squalor个人的富裕与市容的肮脏共存于这个城市 Prosperity is not used in this way: it is always seen as a good thing and is sth that you can wish for other people. * prosperity没有这种用法,prosperity总是被视为好事,可用以祝福他人the city's mixture of private prosperity and public squalor Please drink to the health and prosperity of the bride and groom.让我们为新娘和新郎的健康和富足干杯。It would be considered greedy to wish for money, wealth, fortune, riches or affluence, even for sb else. 希望自己甚至是祝愿他人拥有money、wealth、fortune、riches或affluence都会被视为贪婪Please drink to the health and money/wealth/fortune/riches/affluence of the bride and groom.
IELTS BNC: 233 COCA: 232

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