ldoce_733_zneed1 /niːd/ ●●● S1 W1 verb → knead 1 NEED[transitiveT] to have to have something or someone, because you cannot do something without them, or because you cannot continue or cannot exist without them 需要〔某人或某物〕 SYN require You don’t really need a car.
Plants need light in order to survive.
The camcorder needs a new battery.
Are you sure that you have everything you need?
need something for something I need glasses for reading.
need somebody to do something I need you to help me with the cooking.
need something desperately/badly/urgently More blood donors are urgently needed.
much needed/badly needed a much needed boost to the local economy
2 [transitiveT] to feel that you want something very much 需要〔做某事〕 If you need anything, just say.
need to do something She needed to go out for a walk.
3 need to do something used when saying that someone should do something or has to do something 有必要做某事 He needs to see a doctor straightaway.
I need to catch up on my office work.
You need to let me know by Monday if you want to take part.
4 [modal] British EnglishBrENEED used in negative sentences when saying that something is not necessary or not always true 需要〔在否定句中表示“不必，未必”〕 → have to need not/needn’t You needn’t stay long.
Going to the dentist need not necessarily be a painful experience.
need not have done something/need not do something You needn’t have spent all that money.
I needn’t have worried.
need I/we etc do sth? British EnglishBrE old-fashioned Need we leave so soon?
somebody need never do something Jim need never find out what I said.
5 [transitiveT] used when saying that something should have something done to it, or has to have something done to it 需要〔对某物做某事〕 something needs doing The house needed painting.
Does this shirt need ironing?
something needs to be checked/cleaned/done etc The engine will need to be completely checked.
The pie doesn’t need to be refrigerated.
need a (good) wash/clean/cut etc (=ought to be washed, cleaned etc) 需要(好好)洗洗/打扫/修剪等 His hair needs a wash.
6 [transitiveT] if a job needs a quality or skill, you must have that quality or skill in order to do it well 要求，需要〔某种素质或技能〕 The job needs a lot of patience.
Being a teacher needs a high level of motivation.
7 I need hardly say/tell/remind etc British EnglishBrE used when you think people should already know what you are going to say 不用我说/告诉/提醒等 I need hardly remind you that this information is confidential.
I need hardly say/tell/remind etc• Birds have never been one of my major interests, I need hardly say.• How I welcomed Night Duty, I need hardly say.• Type 4 I need hardly say how glad I am.• I need hardly say how heartily I sympathize with the purposes of the Audubon Society.• I need hardly say that I don't care to have things so.• I need hardly say that my wife's first impression of Lewis differed somewhat from my own.• Mr Bawn, I need hardly tell you, is a man of considerable dignity and I would not leave him here. 8 you need only do something/all you need do is ... British EnglishBrENEED used when saying that you only have to do something in order to do something else 你只需要做某事/你所要做的只是… We need only look at the building to see how much money it will take to repair.
All we need do is threaten them.
9 need I ask/need I say more/need I go on etc? British EnglishBrE used to say that it is not necessary to ask or say more about something, because the rest is clear 这还用问？我还有必要说下去吗？ She’s lazy, slow, and stubborn. Need I say more?
10 that’s all I need/that’s just what I didn’t need spoken used when saying that you did not want something to happen, especially when it seems annoying 真是时候〔尤用于不喜欢的事偏偏发生之时〕 ‘There’s a customer for you on the phone.’ ‘That’s all I need!’
11. need something like a hole in the head informal used when saying that you definitely do not need something 肯定用不着某物
12 who needs it/them? spoken a) used to say you are not interested in something 才没人想要它/他们呢 Make-up, who needs it?
b) used to say that someone or something is actually very important to you 非常重要 Kids? Who needs them!
5 GRAMMAR 语法: Verb patterns 动词句型
You can say that you need to do something. 可以说need to do something
I need to clean (NOT不说I need clean) the house.
If someone else is going to do something for you, you can say that you need something done. 如果别人要为你做某事，你可以说need something done
I need my car fixed urgently.
When you are talking about the object that is going to have something done to it, you can say that it needs cutting, cleaning etc or needs to be cut, cleaned etc. 当说到需要对某物做某事时，可以说it needs cutting，cleaning等或needs to be cut，cleaned等
My hair needs cutting.
You can say that you don’t need to do something or need not/needn’t do something. 可以说don’t need to do something或need not/needn’t do something
That box needs to be moved (NOT 不说needs moved).
Need not means that it is not necessary to do something. Do not use it to mean must not (= should not, or are not allowed to ). need not 的意思是“不必”做某事，不能表示must not (不准)的意思
I don’t need to leave (NOT 不说don’t need leave) until 10.
If you say that someone needn’t have done something, you mean that it was not necessary for them to do it although they did it anyway. need’t have done 意为某人“本不该”做某事，虽然已经做了
You needn’t apologize (NOT 不说needn’t to apologize).
Do not use it when something was not necessary and was not done. Use didn’t need to. 如果某事不需要做也没有做，不要用needn’t have done ，用 didn’t need to
You needn’t take any money.
You mustn’t take any sharp objects on the plane.
We needn’t have ordered so much food.
I didn’t need to tell him who I was – he already knew.
Patterns with need
You say that you need something:
You’ll need some warm clothes.
You say that you need to do something: 可以说need to do something I need to clean the house.
You say that something needs cutting/cleaning etc (=it needs to be cut, cleaned etc): My hair needs cutting.
You say that you need something done (=you want someone to do it for you): 如果别人要为你做某事，你可以说need something done I need my car fixed urgently.
You say that you do not need something: 肯定用不着某物 You don’t need a jacket.
You say that you don’t need to do something or you need not/needn’t do something (=it is not necessary): 可以说don’t need to do something或need not/needn’t do something I don’t need to leave until 10.
You needn’t apologize. ✗Don’t say: I don’t need leave. | You needn’t to apologize.
You say that someone didn’t need to do something (=it was not necessary): I didn’t need to tell him who I was – he already knew.
You say that someone needn’t have done something (=although they have done it, it was not necessary): We needn’t have ordered so much food.
Using the progressive
Need is not used in the progressive. You say:
I need a break. ✗Don’t say: I’m needing a break.
n THESAURUS need if you need something, you must have it, because you cannot do something without it
I need your help.
The people desperately need food and clean water.
require formal to need something
Children require a lot of attention.
The game requires great skill.
can’t do without something to be unable to do something without something
A lot of people can’t do without their mobile phones.
could do with something/could use something informal to need or want something
Shall we stop? I could do with a rest.
be desperate for something to need something urgently
Liz was desperate for a cigarette.
The people are desperate for food.
be dependent on something/somebody to be unable to live or continue normally without something or someone
The refugees are dependent on outside food supplies.
demand formal if one thing demands another, it needs that thing in order to happen or be done successfully
The situation is urgent and demands immediate action.