well1 /wel/ ●●● S1 W1 adverbadv (comparativecomp better /ˈbetə $ -ər/, superlativesupl best /best/) 1 satisfactorily 满意地SUCCESSFUL in a successful or satisfactory way 顺利地；令人满意地 Did you sleep well?
James reads quite well for his age.
All the team played very well today.
Simon doesn’t work well under pressure.
The festival was very well organized.
The concert went very well.
2 thoroughly 彻底地DO WELL in a thorough way 彻底地，充分地 Mix the flour and butter well.
I know Birmingham quite well.
3 a lot 大大地；远远地 a) a lot, or to a great degree 大大地；远远地 well before/after/above/below etc Stand well back from the bonfire.
It was well after 12 o'clock when they arrived.
The village is well below sea level.
The amphitheatre is well worth a visit.
I’m well aware of the problems involved.
I went out and got well and truly (=completely) drunk.
b) [+adj] British EnglishBrE informal very 很，非常 That was well funny!
4 do well a) DO WELLto be successful, especially in work or business 〔尤指在工作或生意上〕成功，干得好 He’s doing very well at college.
Elizabeth’s done well for herself since she moved to London.
b) BETTER/RECOVEREDif someone who has been ill is doing well, they are becoming healthy again 〔病人〕康复 He had the operation yesterday, and he’s doing very well.
do well• The operation was successful and the patient is doing well.• Gail seemed so anxious to do well, and she worked really hard.• Most of his tutors expected him to do well at Harvard.• You must do well at this, that, or the other.• I remember her 4-H teacher told me Molly inspired others in her class to do well because of her determination.• My friend left college and went into law, and he's doing very well for himself.• When the players do well, I praise them -- but there are no rewards for coming second.• Blues singers do well in Ireland, as Celts have a feeling for Negro music.• Parents are likely to want children to do well in life.• Wall Street is not concerned about whether old people do well in retirement.• Neither of the kids was doing well in school.• He represented the ability to do well in the world.• The producer would only say that sales of the video were 'doing very well indeed.'• The presence of a star, Glenn Robinson, may be the reason it did well that year.• The players we have are good enough to do well without people like him.• If the firm does well, your shares will be worth far more than you paid for them. 5 as well in addition to something or someone else 〔除某事物或某人外〕还 Why don’t you come along as well?
As well is used mostly in spoken English. In written English, people usually prefer to use also: as well大多用于英语口语，在英语书面语中，人们一般喜欢用also
Parents are also welcome.
6 as well as something/somebody ADDin addition to something or someone else 以及某事物/某人 They own a house in France as well as a villa in Spain.
as well as doing something The organization gives help and support to people in need, as well as raising money for local charities.
7 may/might/could well PROBABLYused to say that something is likely to happen or is likely to be true 可能，或许，也许 What you say may well be true.
You could try the drugstore, but it might well be closed by now.
8 may/might/could (just) as well a) informalSUGGEST used when you do not particularly want to do something but you decide you should do it 不妨 I suppose we may as well get started.
b) INSTEADused to mean that another course of action would have an equally good result 倒不如〔用于表示另一个行动也可能产生同样好的结果〕 The taxi was so slow we might just as well have gone on the bus.
may/might/could (just) as well• It might as well be now.• I thought I might just as well come down to the point.• Besides, they cost so much, you might as well get some fun out of them.• And we might as well get used to it and resolve to cope.• While she was there, they might as well have added the charge of breaching the Trades Description Act.• And if you have to plough the field anyway, you might as well plant it at the same time.• She might as well see how the enemy behaved themselves in a place like this.• If the traveler expects the high way to be safe and well-graded, he might as well stay at home. 9 can’t very well (do something) used to say that you cannot do something because it would be unacceptable 不能(做某事) I can’t very well tell him we don’t want him at the party!
10 know full/perfectly well REALIZEused to say that someone does know something even though they are behaving as if they do not 当然知道，十分清楚〔尽管某人表现得似乎并不知道〕 You know full well what I mean.
know full/perfectly well• Oh, I glory in inconsistencies, as you know full well.• She knew perfectly well he didn't trust her.• You know perfectly well I can't.• Ought we to think less of Johnson for agreeing because he knew full well that he could influence Boswell?• I know perfectly well that metastases are not just a characteristic of malignant cells, spreading from organ to organ.• The public know full well that the Labour party taxes and spends, taxes and spends.• You know perfectly well that women get depressed at - at certain times.• In everyday life we talk about things being good and bad, and we know perfectly well what we mean. 11 speak/think well of somebody APPROVEto talk about someone in an approving way or to have a favourable opinion of them 称赞某人/对某人印象好 Sue has always spoken well of you.
speak/think well of somebody• If they did this particularly well, analysts were thought well of by their bosses.• Why was it so important to her whether I thought well of her or not?• It was important to him to know this, because he wanted her to think well of him.• The Newleys' acquaintances spoke well of the dead in order to think ill of the living.• Ensure they speak well of us rather than denigrate us to their friends.• Instead, we were awkward and seething-which didn't encourage scouts, barbers or anyone to speak well of us.• She speaks well of you, and I am uneasy.• Uncle Brian always thought well of you. 12. well done!/well played! spokenPRAISE used to praise someone when you think they have done something very well 干得好！真棒！ 13. well said! spoken used to say that you agree with what someone has just said, or that you admire them for saying it 说得好！我同意！ 14 be well away British EnglishBrE informal a) to be making good progress 大有进展 If we can get that grant from the local authority, we’ll be well away.
b) to be very drunk 喝得烂醉
be well away• It's just a shame he was such an ugly old boiler, otherwise I'd be well away!• Mathilda will be well away now. 15 be well in with somebody informalFRIENDLY to have a friendly relationship with someone, especially someone important 与某人〔尤指要人〕关系密切 She’s very well in with members of the management committee.
16. be well out of something British EnglishBrE spokenINCLUDE to be lucky to no longer be involved in a particular situation 幸而不受某事牵连；幸而摆脱了某事 17 be well up in/on something informal especially British EnglishBrEKNOW something to know a lot about a particular subject 对〔某个科目〕非常熟悉 Geoff’s always been well up on the internet.
be well up in/on something• By eight o'clock, when the first pair was due to tee off, the sun was well up in a clear sky.• But deep inside there was a brooding that was welling up in him.
18 as well somebody might/may formal used to say that there is a good reason for someone’s feelings or reactions 某人应该如此〔用于表示某人的感受或反应有充分的理由〕 Marilyn looked guilty, as well she might.
19. do well by somebody informalGENEROUS to treat someone generously 慷慨对待某人
do well by somebody• Economic constraints or limitations can be overcome given a sufficiently high motivation to do well by the individual entrepreneur.
n COLLOCATIONS – Meaning 3: prep/adj well before
She’s been up since well before dawn.
It was well after ten o'clock when we arrived.
The school’s performance was well above average.
They earn well below $5 an hour.
well short of
This total falls well short of the sum required.
Stand well back from the edge of the platform.
The book is well worth reading.
I am well aware of the risks involved.
She is well able to look after herself.
The work on the extension is well underway.