🔍 牛津詞典
🔍 朗文詞典 🎯
🔍 劍橋詞典
🔍 柯林斯詞典
🔍 麥美倫詞典
🔍 韋氏詞典

(Mr. Ng 不推薦使用 Google 翻譯!)
IELTS BNC: 689 COCA: 839


Word family
knowl·edge /ˈnɒlɪdʒ $ ˈnɑː-/ ●●● S2 W1 noun [uncountableU]  
1 KNOW somethingthe information, skills, and understanding that you have gained through learning or experience 知识;学问;认识
knowledge of
 He did not have much knowledge of American history.
knowledge about
 the need to increase knowledge about birth control
In everyday English, people usually say that someone knows about something rather than has knowledge of/about something: 在日常英语中,人们一般说某人 knows about something ,而不说 has knowledge of/about something
He didn’t know much about American history.
2 INFORMATIONwhen you know about a particular situation or event, or the information you have about it 知道,了解;消息,信息
 Evans denied all knowledge of the robbery.
 I had no knowledge of this whatsoever until ‘The Times’ contacted me.
(secure/safe) in the knowledge that
 Kay smiled, secure in the knowledge that she was right.
be common/public knowledge (=be known about by everyone) 是众所周知的事
 Their affair is public knowledge.
to (the best of) somebody’s knowledge (=used to say that someone may not know the true facts) 就某人所知
 To the best of my knowledge, the new project will be starting in June.
 To our knowledge, this is the first time it’s happened.
 ‘Is it true that she’s leaving the company?’ ‘Not to my knowledge (=I do not think so).’
without somebody’s knowledge
 He was annoyed to find the contract had been signed without his knowledge.
 She acted with the full knowledge of her boss (=her boss knew about her action).
 Ministers publicly denied that they had prior knowledge of the attack (=they denied that they knew that it was going to happen).
general knowledge, → working knowledge at working1(9)
Knowledge is an uncountable noun and has no plural form. Use a singular verb after it. knowledge 是不可数名词没有复数形式后面要跟单数动词
Knowledge comes from research.
nGRAMMAR: Countable or uncountable?
Knowledge is an uncountable noun and is not used in the plural. You say:
He has a lot of technical knowledge.
Don’t say: He has a lot of technical knowledges.
Knowledge is always followed by a singular verb:
Expert knowledge is necessary.
When talking about something that you know or learn, you say a piece of knowledge:
This is a useful piece of knowledge.
have some knowledge of something 具有某方面的知识
The book assumes that you already have some knowledge of physics.
get knowledge (also gain/acquire knowledge formal) 获得知识
He gets all his knowledge about politics from watching the television.
increase/improve your knowledge 增长知识
If you want to improve your knowledge of the language, you should go and live in France.
nIn the past twenty years, we have greatly increased our knowledge of how the brain works.
broaden/expand your knowledge (=increase your knowledge) 扩展知识
The course is designed to help students broaden their knowledge of modern American literature.
show/demonstrate your knowledge 显示自己的知识
The test should be an opportunity for students to demonstrate their knowledge.
general knowledge (=knowledge about a lot of different subjects) 一般知识,常识
The questions are intended to test your general knowledge.
scientific/technical knowledge 科学/技术知识
the practical application of scientific knowledge
specialist/expert knowledge 专业知识
Making profitable investments requires specialist knowledge.
detailed knowledge 详尽的知识
You need to have a detailed knowledge of criminal law.
first-hand/personal knowledge (=knowledge from experiencing something yourself) 直接获得/从亲身经历获得的知识
writers who had no first-hand knowledge of war
basic knowledge (=knowledge of the basic aspects of something) 基本知识,基础知识
These things are obvious to anyone with even a basic knowledge of computers.
in-depth/thorough knowledge (=detailed knowledge about all of a particular subject) 深入/全面的知识
nHe demonstrated an in-depth knowledge of the subject matter.
nconsiderable/extensive/vast knowledge
She had considerable knowledge of antiques.
intimate knowledge (=knowledge about something because you are involved in it) 透彻的了解
nHe seemed to have an intimate knowledge of prison life.
inside knowledge (=knowledge that you have because you are part of a group) 内情
nhis inside knowledge gained from 20 years in the industry
background knowledge (=knowledge that you need before you can understand or do something) 背景知识
nThe test will show what background knowledge a student brings to the course.
a thirst for knowledge (=a desire to learn more) 对知识的渴求
She arrived at college with a thirst for knowledge.
somebody's breadth of knowledge (=when you know a lot about all the different parts of something) 某人知识的渊博
They lack his breadth of knowledge about the industry.
COMMON ERRORSDon’t say 'learn knowledge'. Say gain knowledge or acquire knowledge.
不要说 ‘learn knowledge’. 而要说 gain knowledge acquire knowledge.
knowledge the facts and information that you have learned, and the understanding you have gained 知识;学问;认识
Our knowledge of other cultures and societies has improved.
scientific knowledge
expertise special knowledge about how to do something, that you get through experience, training, or study 专门知识,专业知识
The technical expertise was provided by a Japanese company.
They need people with medical expertise.
know-how practical knowledge about how to do something 实用技能
Business leaders often lack the local know-how to tackle problems in specific countries.
financial know-how
wisdom good sense and judgment, based on knowledge and experience 智慧
the wisdom of the older family members
It’s a matter of common wisdom that newspapers cannot be trusted.
grasp how much you know about a situation or subject, and how well you understand it 理解,领会
He’s been praised for his grasp of the country’s economic problems.
She has a good grasp of the language.
Examples from the Corpus
From Longman Business Dictionary
knowledgeknowl·edge /ˈnɒlɪdʒˈnɑː-/ noun [uncountableU]
facts, skills and understanding gained through learning or experience
Given its market knowledge, Price Waterhouse was able to provide a useful insight into each supplier.
knowledge of
Auditors’ knowledge of their client company means they are well-placed to judge the likelihood of company survival.
tacit knowledge
Origin knowledge
(1300-1400) knowledge to acknowledge ((13-18 centuries)), from know
IELTS BNC: 689 COCA: 839


ADJECTIVE | ... OF KNOWLEDGE | VERB + KNOWLEDGE | PREPOSITION | PHRASES ADJECTIVEnew新知識basic基礎知識considerable, great, vast相當多的/大量的/廣博的學問complete, comprehensive, sound, thorough全面的瞭解;詳盡的認識deep, detailed, in-depth, intimate, profound深入的瞭解;詳細的瞭解;精通She has an intimate knowledge of the Asian market.她充分瞭解亞洲市場的情況。broad, encyclopedic, extensive, wide廣博的知識;廣泛的知識expert, special, specialist, specialized專業知識;專門知識inside內幕消息He managed to find contacts who had inside knowledge of the organization.他設法聯繫上了知道該組織內情的人。local局部知識direct, first-hand直接知識;親身得來的知識current, up-to-date (especially BrE) 目前的認知;最新信息limited, rudimentary, superficial有限的知識;初步的認識;表面的認識I have a limited knowledge of French.我的法語知識有限。general常識I don't like quizzes because my general knowledge is so poor.我不喜歡智力問答,因為我對常識知道得不多。factual事實性知識practical, useful實用的/有用的知識working足以應付某工作的知識He has a good working knowledge of the subject.他已經充分掌握了該學科的知識,足以應付工作。professional專業知識medical, scientific, technical, etc.醫學、科學、技術等知識traditional傳統知識human人類知識common, public眾所周知的事情It's common knowledge that he's left his wife.大家都知道他已經離開了妻子。personal親身經歷得來的知識full完全知曉She had acted with her parents' full knowledge and consent.她是在父母完全知曉和同意的情況下這麼做的。previous, prior以前的知識... OF KNOWLEDGEbody知識體系This approach reveals gaps in the current body of knowledge.這種方法暴露出目前知識體系的不足。VERB + KNOWLEDGEacquire, gain學到/獲取知識have, possess有瞭解I have no knowledge of his whereabouts.我對他的行踪一無所知。demonstrate, show, show off展示/表現/賣弄知識test考驗知識require要求知識No previous knowledge is required for the job.這項工作不要求具備相關知識。apply, use應用/運用知識The job gave her the chance to apply the knowledge she had acquired at college.這項工作使她有機會應用在大學所學到的知識。transfer轉化知識She cannot transfer this knowledge to a new situation.她不能將這種知識轉化運用到新情況中。impart, share, spread傳授/分享/傳播知識The bartender was happy to share his knowledge of wine with us.酒吧招待樂意與我們分享他的葡萄酒知識。The volunteers' task is to spread knowledge of how to prevent the disease.志願者的任務是宣傳預防這種疾病的知識。advance, enhance, expand, extend, improve, increase推進知識發展;增強知識;拓寬知識面;擴充知識Research is important to advance scientific knowledge.研究對於推進科學知識的發展很重要。deny否認瞭解He denied all knowledge of what had happened.他完全否認知道發生的事。PREPOSITIONin the knowledge在知曉的情況下They put the car on the market in the full knowledge that it had design faults.他們明知此車有設計缺陷,卻仍將它投放市場。to sb's knowledge據某人所知He's never worked here to my knowledge.據我所知,他從來沒有在這裏工作過。with sb's knowledge在某人知曉的情況下The letter was sent with the full knowledge of the head of department.這封信在部門領導完全知情的情況下送出了。without sb's knowledge在某人不知情的情況下She borrowed my car without my knowledge.她沒跟我說一聲就借走了我的汽車。knowledge of關於⋯的知識a wide knowledge of antiques古董方面的廣博知識PHRASESa wealth of knowledge豐富的知識Martin brings a wealth of knowledge to the job.馬丁給這一工作帶來了豐富的知識。a gap in your knowledge知識上的欠缺I did some research to fill in the gaps in my knowledge.我做了些研究以彌補我知識的不足。the pursuit of knowledge對知識的追求secure in the knowledge確信We invested in gold, secure in the knowledge that the metal would retain its value.我們投資了黃金,確信這種金屬會保值。to the best of your knowledge據⋯所知She still lives in San Francisco to the best of my knowledge.據我所知,她仍住在舊金山。
IELTS BNC: 689 COCA: 839
knowledge noun
knowledge (specialist knowledge) awareness (without my knowledge)


knowledge ♦︎ experience ♦︎ literacy ♦︎ scholarship ♦︎ learning ♦︎ enlightenment ♦︎ wisdom ♦︎ loreThese are all words for the information, understanding and skills that you learn through education or experience. 这些词均表示知识、学识。PATTERNS AND COLLOCATIONS 句型和搭配knowledge / learning / enlightenment / wisdom about sthgreat knowledge / experience / scholarship / learning / enlightenment / wisdomancient / traditional / folk knowledge / wisdom / lorehuman knowledge / experience / enlightenment / wisdomacademic knowledge / scholarship / learningpractical knowledge / experience / wisdomto acquire knowledge / experience / literacy / learning / wisdomto gain knowledge / experience / enlightenment / wisdomto increase your knowledge / experience / learning knowledge [uncountable, singular] the information, understanding and skills that you gain through studying sth or doing sth 知识;学问;学识You do not need to have specialist knowledge to express an opinion about language.你不需要有专业知识就能够对语言问题发表看法。There will be a test of your general knowledge (= your knowledge about things generally).你将要参加一次常识测验。He has a wide knowledge of music and painting.他在音乐和绘画方面知识渊博。OPP ignorance ignorance see also know learn experience [uncountable] the knowledge and ability that you have gained through doing sth for a period of time; the process of gaining this (由实践得来的)经验,见识,技能;实践过程I have over ten years' teaching experience.我有十多年教学经验。Do you have any previous experience of this type of work?你以前干过这种工作吗?She didn't get paid much but it was all good experience.她得到的报酬虽然不多,但受到了很好的实践锻炼。We all learn by experience.我们都从经验中得到教益。In this meaning experience is used especially in the context of work and careers. Your work experience is the work or jobs that you have done in your life so far. * experience表达此义时尤用于工作和职业语境,work experience指工作经验The opportunities available will depend on your previous work experience and qualifications.录取机会将取决于你先前的工作经验和资历。 OPP inexperience ignorance see also experience event 1 , experience life 3 , experienced experienced , experienced sophisticated  See also the entry for skill 1 另见skill条第1义 literacy ˈlɪtərəsi [uncountable] the ability to read and write 读写能力The government is running a campaign to promote adult literacy (= the ability of adults to read and write).政府正在开展一场提高成人文化水平的运动。OPP illiteracy scholarship ˈskɒləʃɪp; NAmE ˈskɑːlərʃɪp [uncountable] the serious study of an academic subject and the knowledge and methods involved 学术研究;学问;学术Oxford became one of the great centres of medieval scholarship.牛津成为中世纪伟大的学术中心之一。 see also scholar scholar , scholarly educational learning [uncountable] knowledge that you get from reading and studying (从书本和研习中获得的)知识,学问,学识He is a teacher of great intellect and learning.他是一位才智过人、学识渊博的老师。 see also learned intellectual 2 enlightenment ɪnˈlaɪtnmənt [uncountable] (formal) knowledge about and understanding of sth; the process of understanding sth or making other people understand it 领悟;启迪;启发;开导Seeking enlightenment, I asked one of my professors about the matter.为了弄明白这件事,我向我的一位教授请教。Mankind has long been on a quest for spiritual enlightenment.人类长期以来一直在寻求心灵觉悟。 see also enlighten tell 1 wisdom ˈwɪzdəm [uncountable] the knowledge that a society or culture has gained over a long period of time (社会或文化长期积累的)知识,学问,智慧We need to combine ancient wisdom and modern knowledge.我们需要把古代智慧与现代知识融为一体。 see also wise wise lore [uncountable] knowledge and information related to a particular subject, especially when this is not written down; the stories and traditions of a particular group of people (尤指口头流传的)某一方面的学问;(某一群体的)传说,传统Women with an understanding of herbal lore were often regarded as witches.过去懂得草药知识的妇女常被认为是女巫。an expert in ancient Celtic lore研究凯尔特人古代传说的专家
IELTS BNC: 689 COCA: 839
Knowledge and understanding: knowledge, understanding, information...

👨🏻‍🏫 Mr. Ng 朗文詞典 📚 – longman.mister5️⃣.net
Site Uptime