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BNC: 31 COCA: 48


Word family
will1 /wɪl/ ●●● S1 W1 modal verb (negative short form won’t)  
1 WILLfuture 将来 used to make future tenses 将,会,要〔用于构成将来时〕
 A meeting will be held next Tuesday at 3 p.m.
 What time will she arrive?
 I hope they won’t be late.
 Maybe by then you will have changed your mind.
2 WILLINGwilling to do STH 愿意做某事 used to show that someone is willing or ready to do something 愿,要〔用于表示愿意或准备好做某事〕
 Dr Weir will see you now.
 The baby won’t eat anything.
3 ASK FOR something/ASK somebody TO DO somethingrequesting 请求 spoken used to ask someone to do something 好吗〔用于请求某人做某事〕
 Will you phone me later?
 Shut the door, will you?
4 USUALLYwhat generally happens 总是发生的事 used to say what always happens in a particular situation or what is generally true 总是,惯于〔表示某事经常发生或总是如此〕
 Oil will float on water.
 Accidents will happen.
5 POSSIBLEpossibility 可能性 used like ‘can’ to show what is possible 能〔表示可能性〕
 This car will hold five people comfortably.
6 THINK SO/NOT BE SUREbelief 相信 used to say that you think something is true 可能,大概〔表示认为某事可能是真的〕
 That will be Tim coming home now.
 As you will have noticed, there are some gaps in the data.
7 TELL/ORDER somebody TO DO somethinggiving orders 发出命令 spoken used to give an order or to state a rule 必须〔用于下命令或说明规定〕
 Will you be quiet!
 You will do as I say.
 Every employee will carry an identity card at all times.
8 OFFERoffering/inviting 提供/邀请 spoken used to offer something to someone or to invite them to do something 要不要〔用于提供某物给某人或邀请某人做某事〕
 Will you have some more tea?
 Won’t you have a seat?
9 OFTENannoying habit 恼人的习惯 spoken used to describe someone’s habits, especially when you think they are annoying 老是〔用于描述某人的习惯,尤指讨厌的习惯〕
 Trish will keep asking silly questions.
When you are reporting what someone said, thought etc, will usually changes to would. 转述某人的话、想法等时,will通常要改为would
My brother said he would help me.
If the event is still in the future, will is sometimes used, especially after a present perfect tense. 如事件尚未发生有时就用will,尤其是在现在完成时之后
The Minister has said that he will publish the report soon.
GRAMMAR: Choosing the right tense
nYou use will when talking about the future:
nI’m sure the party will be a big success.
Usually will changes to would when reporting what someone said or thought: 转述某人的话、想法等时,will通常要改为would
nShe said she was sure that the party would be a big success.
If the event is still in the future, will is sometimes used, especially after the present perfect tense: 如事件尚未发生,有时就用will,尤其是在现在完成时之后
nLots of people have said they will come to the party.
Examples from the Corpus
Related topics: Law, Death
will2 ●●● S2 W2 noun  
1 determination 决心 [countableC, uncountableU]DETERMINED determination to do something that you have decided to do, even if this is difficult 意志,毅力,决心
 Children sometimes have strong wills.
the will to do something
 Even though she was in terrible pain, Mary never lost the will to live.
strong-willed, weak-willed
2 legal document 法律文件 [countableC]SCLMX a legal document that says who you want your money and property to be given to after you die 遗嘱
3 what SB wants 某人的意愿 [singular]WANT what someone wants to happen in a particular situation 〔某人的〕意愿,意旨
4 with the best will in the world British EnglishBrE spokenIMPOSSIBLE used to say that something is not possible, even if you very much want to do it 尽管真心愿意〔用于表示某事不可能〕
Examples from the Corpus
5. where there’s a will there’s a way spokenPOSSIBLE used to say that if you really want to do something, you will find a way to succeed 有志者事竟成
6 at will WANTwhenever you want and in whatever way you want 随心所欲,任意
Examples from the Corpus
7. with a will written in an eager and determined way 起劲地;热情地;诚心诚意地
Examples from the Corpus
goodwill, ill will
COLLOCATIONSMeaning 1: determination to do something that you have decided to do, even if this is difficult 意志,毅力,决心
a strong will 坚强的意志
She had a very strong will and a clear sense of purpose.
nan indomitable will (=a strong will which means you do not give in)
The indomitable will of the people remains the core strength of democracy.
na weak will
It's a myth that people are fat because of a weak will.
an iron will (also a will of iron) (=an extremely strong will) 钢铁般的意志
Her unassuming manner concealed an iron will.
political will (=determination on the part of governments and politicians) 〔政府和从政者的〕政治意愿
There was a lack of political will to do anything about global warming.
strength of will 坚强的意志
She had achieved success by sheer strength of will.
an effort of will (=a determined effort to do something you do not want to do) 意志力
With a great effort of will, she resisted the temptation to look at the letter.
a battle/clash/test of wills (=when two determined people oppose each other) 意志的较量/考验
Even the smallest decision could become an exhausting battle of wills.
have the will to do something (=be determined enough to do it) 有决心做某事
Do you have the will to win?
lack the will to do something 缺乏做某事的意志力
He lacked the will to resist.
lose the will to do something 失去做某事的意志力
The country's troops had lost the will to fight.
COLLOCATIONSMeaning 2: a legal document that says who you want your money and property to be given to after you die 遗嘱
make a will (=write one)
It is always advisable to make a will.
leave a will (=have made a will when you die)
Who will inherit my property if I don't leave a will?
change your will (=change some of the instructions in your will)
Marius had decided to change his will in her favour.
cut somebody out of your will (=change your will so that someone is no longer given anything when you die)
His father cut her out of his will.
prove a will law (=to show that a will has been made in the correct way)
If the estate is small, you may not need to prove the will.
somebody's last will and testament formal (=someone's will) 参议员的临终遗嘱
nthe executor of a will (=the person who makes sure that the instructions in someone's will are followed)
Her eldest son is the executor of her will.
Examples from the Corpus
Related topics: Law
will3 verb  
1 [transitiveT]CAUSE to try to make something happen by thinking about it very hard 设法用意志力驱使〔某事发生〕
2. [transitiveT + to]SCLGIVE to officially give something that you own to someone else after you die 立遗嘱把〔财产〕遗赠〔某人〕
3 [intransitiveI, transitiveT] old useWANT to want something to happen 希望,想要〔某事发生〕
Examples from the Corpus
From Longman Business Dictionary
willwill1 /wɪl/ noun [countableC]LAW
a legal document that says who you want your money and property to be given to when you die
They found a lawyer to draft their wills.
This is the last will and testament of John Smith.
living will see also tenant at will
willwill2 verb [transitiveT]LAW
to leave something to someone in your will
Taylor willed £604,521 to his family.
Origin will1
Old English wille, from wyllan to wish for, want, intend to
Old English willa will, desire
1. Old English willian, from willa; → WILL2
2. Old English wyllan; → WILL1
BNC: 31 COCA: 48


1power to choose; desire意志;渴望ADJECTIVE | VERB + WILL | PREPOSITION | PHRASES ADJECTIVEgreat, indomitable, iron, strong巨大的決心;不屈不撓的毅力;鋼鐵般的意志;堅強的決心her indomitable will to win她那必勝的堅強意志His unassuming manner concealed an iron will.他那謙遜的態度背後是鋼鐵般的意志。weak薄弱的意志pure, sheer純意志;不顧一切的意志I was driven by the pure will to survive.當時驅使我的只是一定要活下去的決心。free自由意志conscious清醒的意志collective, general, majority, national, popular, public集體的意願;大多數人的意願;國家意志;普遍的願望;公眾的意願Is that the general will, that we keep the present voting arrangements?大家都願意我們維持目前的投票安排嗎?individual個人意願human人的願望divine神的意旨political政治決心The government lacked the political will to reform the tax system.政府缺乏改革稅收體制的政治決斷力。ill惡意She bears them no ill will.她對他們沒有惡意。 (see also goodwill) VERB + WILLhave有意志She has a very strong will.她具有非常堅強的意志。lack缺少毅力exercise, exert行使/發揮意志力lose失去決心She's lost the will to try and change things.她已經失去了嘗試和變革的決心。break, drain, sap摧毀/消磨/侵蝕意志Constant rejection has sapped her will.不斷的被拒絕逐漸使她喪失了決心。regain重獲決心impose把意志強加於⋯She usually manages to impose her will on the rest of the group.她常常將自己的意志強加給團隊中的其他人。bend (sb/sth) to, obey屈從意願;遵從意志They were taught to obey their father's will without question.他們被教導要完全遵從父親的意志,不得有任何質疑。go against違背意願My father didn't want me to leave home, and I didn't like to go against his will.父親不想讓我離開家,而我也不想違背他的意願。PREPOSITIONagainst your will違背自己的意願Much against my will, I let him go.我很不情願地讓他走了。at will任意She believes employers should have the right to hire and fire at will.她認為雇主有權隨意雇用和開除員工。PHRASESan act of will意志的力量It requires an act of will to make myself go running in the morning.對我來說早上跑步是需要意志力的。a battle of wills, a clash of wills意志的較量The meeting turned out to be a clash of wills.這次會議到頭來成了意志的較量。an effort of will意志的力量With a great effort of will he resisted her pleas.他拚命忍住才沒答應她的請求。of your own free will根據自己的自由意志She left of her own free will.她離開完全是自願的。where there's a will there's a way (used to say that sth is possible if you really want it) 有志者事竟成the will to live生存的意志She gradually regained the will to live.她漸漸恢復了活下去的勇氣。God's will, the will of God天意


2legal document法律文件ADJECTIVE | VERB + WILL | PREPOSITION | PHRASES ADJECTIVEvalid有效遺囑Two people must witness your signature or your will is not valid.必須有兩人見證簽字,否則遺囑不會有效。living (= a record of your wishes regarding medical treatment at the end of your life) (聲明病危時採取何種醫療手段的)生前預囑VERB + WILLdraft, draw up, make, write起草遺囑;立遺囑;寫遺囑His lawyer drew up the will.他的律師起草了遺囑。Have you made your will?你立遺囑了嗎?sign在遺囑上簽字leave留下遺囑She left no will and was unmarried.她沒留下遺囑,也沒結過婚。read宣讀遺囑alter, change修改遺囑remember sb in在遺囑裏提到某人My aunt remembered me in her will.我姨媽在遺囑中提到了我。administer, execute執行遺囑challenge, contest對遺囑提出質疑The family decided to contest the will in court.全家人決定訴諸法律對遺囑提出質疑。break, overturn, set aside (BrE) 推翻遺囑;把遺囑擱置They succeeded in getting the will overturned.他們成功地推翻了遺囑。PREPOSITIONby will通過遺囑Some things cannot be given away by will.有些東西無法通過遺囑贈予。in a/the will在遺囑裏She left me some money in her will.她在遺囑裏給我留下一些錢。under a/the will按照遺囑Under her father's will, she gets $5 000 a year.按照她父親的遺囑,她每年得到 5000 美元。PHRASESsb's last will and testament某人的臨終遺囑
BNC: 31 COCA: 48
will noun
BNC: 31 COCA: 48
Modal verbs: can, cannot, could...
Determination and ambition: determination, ambition, will...
Willingness and to be willing: will, volition, volunteer...
Legal documents and parts of legal documents: affidavit, amendment, article...
To want something: want, wish, hope...

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