weigh /weɪ/ ●●● S3 W3 verb → whey, way 1 be a particular weight 有多重 [linking verb]WEIGH to have a particular weight 重〔若干〕，重量是… The young birds weigh only a few grams.
Do you know how much it weighs?
What (=how much) do you weigh?
The box was full of books and weighed a ton (=was very heavy).
n Weigh is a linking verb in this meaning. It links the subject of the sentence with a noun, often an amount:
The package weighed several kilos.
2 measure weight 测出重量 [transitiveT]WEIGH to use a machine to discover how much something or someone weighs 称…的重量 He weighed some potatoes on the scales.
weigh yourself Have you weighed yourself lately?
3 consider/compare 考虑/比较 (also weigh up) [transitiveT]THINK ABOUT to consider something carefully so that you can make a decision about it 认真考虑，权衡〔某事〕 It is my job to weigh the evidence.
weigh something against something We have to weigh the benefits of the scheme against the costs.
4 influence 影响 [intransitiveI always + adverbadv/prepositionprep] formalEFFECT/INFLUENCE to influence someone’s opinion and the decision that they make 〔对观点或决定〕有影响 weigh against This unfortunate experience will weigh heavily against further investment in the area.
weigh in somebody's/something’s favour These facts will weigh in your favour.
weigh with Her evidence weighed strongly with the judge.
5 weigh your words THINK ABOUTto think very carefully about what you say because you do not want to say the wrong thing 〔因不想说错话而〕斟字酌句，推敲字眼 He was weighing his words carefully.
6. weigh anchor TTWto raise an anchor and sail away 起锚，起航 weigh anchor• We weighed anchor next morning and sailed down the fiord on a calm sea.• It was time to weigh anchor on the cruise to Alaska. 7 weigh somebody down phrasal verbphr v a) BENDCARRYif something weighs you down, it is heavy and difficult to carry 使〔某人〕感到沉重；压下，压倒 be weighed down with something Sally was weighed down with shopping bags.
b) WORRIEDif a problem weighs you down, it makes you feel worried and upset 使感到焦虑，使烦恼，使忧心忡忡 be weighed down by/with something He felt weighed down by his responsibilities.
a family weighed down with grief
be weighed down by/with something• She was weighed down with a confusing mixture of feelings that sometimes felt so mellow and piquant, it was almost pleasant.• The rest were weighed down by an accumulation of debts incurred during the wars and natural disasters of the preceding century.• She was weighed down by it.• These boroughs, like the London borough of Newham, are weighed down with more than their fair share of problems.• Suitcases that had once been quite light now felt as if they were weighed down with stones.• She told teachers she was weighed down by the responsibilities of looking after her three younger sisters, including a nine-month-old baby.• His successors were weighed down by the sense of duty. 8 weigh in phrasal verbphr v a) DSHDSOto have your weight measured before taking part in a competition 〔在赛前〕测体重，称体重 at → weigh-in Higgins weighed in at just over 100 kilos.
b) informalADD to join in an argument or fight 加入〔争论或争吵〕 with The chairman then weighed in with his views.
weigh at• Provisions weighed in at £113.8 million.• A huge commercial Ecosphere can weigh in at 200 liters.• The champion weighed in at 225 pounds before his last fight.• Williams weighed in at 235 pounds.• He thought suddenly of Antony Royd, weighed in at four pounds, doing eleven lengths in four minutes.• This needs no breaking in, has a waterproof Goretex lining and weighs in at just over a pound a pair.• Luckily this family all weighed in at over 15 grammes ... and that means enough fat to see them through the winter.• It was just my luck to have bags made of light nylon, weighing in at ten kilos in total.• Rambo the lamb is reckoned to have broken the local record, weighing in at twenty two pounds.• The largest Jilin stone weighed in at well over one thousand kilograms. 9 weigh on somebody/something phrasal verbphr v WORRIEDto make someone feel worried and upset 加重…的心理负担；使〔某人〕忧虑[烦恼] The desire for peace will weigh heavily on the negotiators.
I’m sure there’s something weighing on his mind.
The burden of responsibility weighed heavily on his shoulders.
10 weigh something ↔ out phrasal verbphr v TMMEASUREto measure an amount of something by weighing it 称出〔一定数量的某物〕 She weighed out half a kilo of rice.
11 weigh somebody/something ↔ up phrasal verbphr v a)CONSIDER/COMPARE 考虑/比较 THINK ABOUTto consider something carefully so that you can make a decision about it 仔细考虑，权衡 We’re still weighing up the pros and cons (=the advantages and disadvantages) of the two options.
b) OPINIONto watch someone and listen to them carefully so that you can form an opinion about what they are like 〔通过观察〕评估〔某人〕 I could see that he was weighing me up.
weigh up• You have to go through a sort of incubation period while people weigh you up.• I can not weigh them up and judge them.• You are not conscious of them weighing you up, but they do.• We weighed each other up for a few moments without speaking.• It doesn't take a brain box to weigh that up - it actually means that 47 people lost their jobs. weigh• Allen is a fast runner, despite weighing 325 pounds and having a chest like a barrel.• Each whale was about 40 feet long and weighed 45 tonnes.• Our portable computer weighs 7 pounds and costs about $4000• I've never seen anything like it -- some of those cabbages must have weighed 8 pounds at least.• She didn't tell me how much the baby weighed.• How much does this parcel weigh?• What do you weigh -- a hundred kilos or so?• It looked as though it weighed a ton and seemed to quiver every so often.• It'll take two of us to get it out of the car, it weighs a ton!• Wasson said a steel truss weighing about 2 million pounds will be raised atop the northeast and southeast towers on May 20-21.• She weighs about 58 kg.• I haven't had time to weigh all of my options.• Weigh all the ingredients carefully before mixing them together.• How much do you weigh, Diane?• She collects stones to weigh down her basket, but as there is no hurry she falls asleep on the bank.• a special machine that weighs each truck and its cargo• The Boston Globe nurse weighed each woman and measured her thighs before and after the experiment.• I weigh eight stone now, exactly.• Both weighed exactly, the same: 475 pounds.• They would probably weigh it and work out the value that way.• At all ages, men weigh more than women.• Every time I weigh myself I seem to have got heavier!• What weighs on the other side of the scale?• Some of their players weigh over 300 pounds.• The stones seemed not to weigh the room towards the earth but to be ready to lift it into the sky.• You have to weigh the sugar exactly when you make wine.• Dieters shouldn't weigh themselves too often.• The blue whale is a vast creature, weighing up to 30 tons.
weighed a ton• They were full of books and weighed a ton.• It looked as though it weighed a ton and seemed to quiver every so often.
weigh yourself• He would face that weight, at eye level, each time he measured his height and weighed himself.• No point in weighing oneself down.• We weighed each other up for a few moments without speaking.• You are virtually 25 percent of the way to your new shape and tomorrow morning you will be measuring and weighing yourself.• Next, weigh yourself and make a note of it.• A Weighty Decision Tired of your scales groaning when you weigh yourself every morning?• Eventually it should be quite sufficient to weigh yourself once every week or two.• We do strongly recommend that you continue to weigh yourself regularly. weigh something against something• We have to weigh the costs of the new system against the benefits it will bring. weigh with• Greg's opinion usually weighs strongly with our supervisor.