pol·ish1 /ˈpɒlɪʃ $ ˈpɑː-/ ●●● S3 verb [transitiveT] 1 CLEANto make something smooth, bright, and shiny by rubbing it 擦亮，擦光 I spent all afternoon polishing the silver.
polish something with something →4 See picture on 见图 Page A3 Cleaning 清洁；打扫 Polish the lenses with a piece of tissue.
2 to improve a piece of writing, a speech etc by making slight changes to it before it is completely finished 修改；润色 Your essay is good, you just need to polish it a bit.
3 polish somebody/something ↔ off phrasal verbphr v informal a) to finish food, work etc quickly or easily 很快吃完；迅速[轻松]做完 Sam polished off the rest of the pizza.
b) American EnglishAmE to kill or defeat a person or animal when they are weak or wounded 干掉；打败 He was polished off with a shotgun blast to the face.
polish off• Don't keep painting over chipped or worn polish.• I couldn't stop him reforming, but when he came together all the polish was gone off.• No wind-chill to speak of, to polish us off.• She polished it off and began to chew on the ice. 4 polish something ↔ up phrasal verbphr v a) (also polish up on something)IMPROVE to improve a skill or an ability by practising it 提高〔技能〕 You should polish up your Spanish before you go to Chile.
b) to make something seem better or more attractive to other people 改善〔外表等〕 The company needs to polish up its image.
c) CLEANto polish something 擦亮，擦光 →4 See picture of 见图 polish polish up• Henry had polished it up and found the special marks on it.
—polishing noun [uncountableU]