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(Mr. Ng 不推薦使用 Google 翻譯!)
BNC: 118 COCA: 148


Word family
own1 /əʊn $ oʊn/ ●●● S1 W1 adjectiveadj , pronoun [always after a possessive]  
1 OWNused to emphasize that something belongs to or is connected with a particular person or thing and not any other 自己的,属于自己的
 Bring your own equipment.
 Every dance has its own rhythm.
 The yacht was intended for the King’s own personal use.
 His face was only a few inches from her own.
of your own
 We have problems of our own.
 I’d like to have a place of my own (=my own home).
your very own (=used to add more emphasis) 完全属于自己的〔用于强调〕
 One day I want to have a horse of my very own.
something to call your own/which you can call your own (=something that belongs to you) 属于自己的东西
 She just wanted a place to call her own.
2 INDEPENDENT PERSONHELPused to emphasize that someone did or made something without the help or involvement of anyone else 自己的〔强调没有别人的帮助或介入〕
 She makes a lot of her own clothes.
 We encourage students to develop their own ideas.
 It’s your own fault for leaving the window open.
3 (all) on your own 
a) ALONEalone 单独地,独自地
 I’ve been living on my own for four years now.
 He didn’t want to be left on his own.
b) HELPwithout anyone’s help 无援地,独立地
 You can’t expect him to do it all on his own.
 I can manage on my own, thanks.
Examples from the Corpus
4 for your own good/safety/benefit etc if you do something for someone’s own good etc, you do it to help them even though they might not like it or want it 为你自己的好处/安全/利益等
 I’m only telling you this for your own good.
 He was kept away from the other prisoners for his own safety.
Examples from the Corpus
5 too nice/clever etc for your own good used to say that someone has too much of a good quality so that it may be a disadvantage 过分好/聪明等对你没好处
 Stephen can be too generous for his own good.
Examples from the Corpus
6 get your own back (on somebody) informalREVENGE to do something bad to someone who has harmed you, as a way of punishing them (对某人)报复,(向某人)复仇 revenge
 She wanted to get her own back on Liz for ruining her party.
Examples from the Corpus
7 be your own man/woman INDEPENDENT PERSONto have strong opinions and intentions that are not influenced by other people 有自己的主意,有主见
 Hilary’s very much her own woman.
Examples from the Corpus
8 make something your own to change or deal with something in a way that makes it seem to belong to you 使某物变得像自己的
Examples from the Corpus
come into your own at come1(6), → hold your own at hold1(24)
Use own only after possessive words such as ‘my’, ‘John’s’, ‘the company’s’ etc. own仅用于my, John’s, the company’s等所有格形式之后
Few of them got back to their own country (NOT 不说 the own country).
Do not say ‘an own car/room/computer etc’. Say a car/room/computer etc of your own 不要说 ‘an own car/room/computer etc’. 而要说 a car/room/computer etc of your own
He soon had enough money to buy a truck of his own.
You say my own, her own, their own etc:
They miss their own country.
The town has its own station.
Don’t say: They miss the own country. | The town has an own station.
You can also say of my own, of her own, of their own etc:
I want to have a room of my own.
Each house has a garden of its own.
Examples from the Corpus
own2 ●●● S2 W2 verb [transitiveT]  
1 OWNto have something which belongs to you, especially because you have bought it, been given it etc and it is legally yours 〔尤指通过购买、接受赠与等而合法地〕拥有〔某物〕 possess
2 as if/as though/like you own the place informalCONFIDENT to behave in a way that is too confident and upsets other people 就像是这里的主人似的〔指表现过于大模大样而令他人不快〕
3 old-fashionedTRUE to admit that something is true 承认
n4 informal to defeat someone very easily or by a large amount
5own up phrasal verbphr v ADMITto admit that you have done something wrong, especially something that is not serious 承认〔犯错误,尤指小错〕
Examples from the Corpus
nGRAMMAR: Using the progressive
Own is not used in the progressive. You say:
They own several cars.
Don’t say: They are owning several cars.
own if you own something, it legally belongs to you 〔合法地〕拥有
They live in a flat but they don’t own it.
The land is owned by farmers.
a privately owned plane
have [not in passive] to own something – used when focussing on the fact that someone has the use of something, rather than the fact that they legally own it 拥有〔侧重于使用权而非拥有权〕
How many students have a cell phone?
I wish I had a sports car.
possess [not in passive] formal to own something 拥有
It is illegal to possess a firearm in Britain.
I don’t even possess a smart suit!
belong to somebody/something [not in passive] if something belongs to you, you own it 属于某人/某物
The ring belonged to my grandmother.
hold to own shares in a company 拥有〔公司股份〕
One man holds a third of the company’s shares.
be the property of somebody/something formal to be owned by someone – written on signs, labels etc 为某人/某物所有〔书写于指示牌、标签上等〕
This camera is the property of the BBC.
Examples from the Corpus
From Longman Business Dictionary
ownown /əʊnoʊn/ verb [transitiveT]
to have or possess something that is legally yours
He still owns shares in the company.
The company is owned by a foreign consortium.
Origin own2
Old English agnian, from agen own
BNC: 118 COCA: 148


ADVERB | PHRASES ADVERBindependently獨自擁有formerly, once, originally, previously先前/曾經/原本/以前擁有The car was once owned by Elvis Presley.這輛車曾經屬於埃爾維斯・普雷斯利。legally合法擁有He committed the crime with a gun that he legally owned.他使用自己合法擁有的槍支犯下此罪。communally, jointly公有;共同擁有Only when the means of production were communally owned would classes disappear.只有當生產資料公有時,階級才會消失。She owns the house jointly with her husband.她和丈夫共同擁有這所房子。PHRASESdirectly owned by sb, indirectly owned by sb為某人直接/為某人間接擁有own your own boat, home, etc.擁有自己的船、住宅等They dreamed of owning their own home.他們夢想着有自己的房子。partly owned by sb, wholly owned by sb為某人部份/為某人完全擁有The company is a wholly owned subsidiary of SNL Research.該公司是 SNL 研究院的全資子公司。privately owned, publicly owned私有;公有The museum is privately owned.這個博物館歸私人所有。
BNC: 118 COCA: 148
own pron.
on your own alone adj. adv.
own verb


own ♦︎ personal ♦︎ individual ♦︎ private ♦︎ subjective ♦︎ exclusiveThese words are all used to talk about sth that belongs to or is connected with one particular person. 这些词均表示自己的、本人的、个人的。PATTERNS AND COLLOCATIONS 句型和搭配sb's own / personal / individual / private / subjective experiencesb's own / personal / private / subjective opinionsb's own / personal / private / exclusive propertysb's own / personal / individual needs / requirements / objectives / freedom own belonging to or connected with a particular person; done or produced by and for yourself 自己的;本人的;自己做的;为自己的It was her own idea.那是她自己的主意。I saw it with my own eyes (= I didn't hear about it from sb else).我亲眼看见的。Our children are grown up and have children of their own.我们的子女都已长大成人,有了自己的孩子。For reasons of his own (= special reasons that perhaps only he knew about) he refused to join the club.出于个人的原因,他谢绝加入俱乐部。The accident happened through no fault of her own.这一事故的发生不是她本人的过错。He wants to come into the business on his own terms.他想依自己开出的条件加入这家公司。I need a room of my own.我需要有一个自己的房间。I have my very own room at last.我终于有了自己的房间。She makes all her own clothes.她的衣服都是自己做的。 Own cannot be used after an article. * own不能用在冠词之后I need my own room.我需要有自己的房间。I need an own room. It's good to have your own room.有自己的房间真好。It's good to have a room of the own. personal [only before noun] your own; not belonging to or connected with anyone else 个人的;私人的They packed up their personal belongings and left.他们收拾好自己的个人物品离开了。The receptionist asked for my personal details (= my name, age, etc.).接待员询问了我的个人资料。Of course, this is just a personal opinion.当然了,这只是个人意见。The novel is written from personal experience.这部小说是根据个人亲身经历写成的。All hire cars are for personal use (= not business use) only.所有租赁车辆仅供个人使用。Use stencils to add a few personal touches to walls and furniture.用模板给墙壁和家具增添些个人风格。He has run a personal best of just under four minutes.他跑出了刚好低于四分钟的个人最好成绩。 personally


Personally, I prefer the second option.就我个人而言,我倾向第二种选择。
individual [only before noun] connected with one person; designed for one person 一个人的;供一人用的Respect for individual freedom is a cornerstone of our culture.对个人自由的尊重是我们文化的基石。Try to measure in individual portions how much people will eat.根据每个人的食量,尽量估算出大伙儿要吃多少。OPP communal common see also individual particular adj. , individual person noun individually


The manager spoke to them all individually.经理和他们每个人逐一谈话。
private [usually before noun] belonging to or for the use of a particular person or group; not for public use 私有的;私用的;自用的The sign said, 'Private property. Keep out.'标牌上写着:“私人宅地,禁止入内。”Those are my father's private papers.那些都是我父亲的私人文件。The hotel has 110 bedrooms, all with private bathrooms.这家旅馆有110间客房,各有独立卫生间。 OPP public common see also privacy privacy NOTE 辨析 Personal or private? Personal things, details, etc. actually belong to a particular individual person and not any other individual person. Private things belong to a particular person or group, or are for them to use; they are not for people in general. Personal property usually consists of small items that belong to a particular person; private property is land that belongs to a particular person or group of people. * personal描述物品、资料等时指这些东西实际上归特定的某个人而非任何其他个人所有。private描述物品时指此物归特定的个人或集体所有,或归他们私用,而非公用。personal property通常指归特定的个人所有的小物件,private property指归特定的个人或群体所有的地产。 subjective (sometimes disapproving) based on your own ideas and opinions rather than facts and therefore sometimes unfair 主观的;带个人偏见的a highly subjective point of view非常主观的看法Everyone's opinion is bound to be subjective.每个人的意见都必定是主观的。 OPP objective objective subjectively


People who are less subjectively involved are better judges.主观因素介入愈少,愈能作出恰当的判断。
exclusive ɪkˈskluːsɪv only to be used by one particular person or group; only given to one particular person or group (个人或集体)专用的,专有的,独占的The hotel has exclusive access to the beach.这家旅馆有通向海滩的专用通道。exclusive rights to televise the World Cup世界杯赛的独家电视播放权His mother has told 'The Times' about his death in an exclusive interview (= not given to any other newspaper).他的母亲在接受《泰晤士报》的独家采访时谈到了他的死。
BNC: 118 COCA: 148

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