po·lite /pəˈlaɪt/ ●●● S3 adjectiveadj 1 POLITEbehaving or speaking in a way that is correct for the social situation you are in, and showing that you are careful to consider other people’s needs and feelings 有礼貌的，客气的 OPP rude, impolite She’s always very polite.
polite, well-behaved children
a clear but polite request
it is polite (of somebody) to do something We left the party as soon as it was polite to do so.
It’s not polite to talk with your mouth full.
2 POLITEyou make polite conversation, remarks etc because it is considered socially correct to do this, but not necessarily because you believe what you are saying 礼节性的，客套的，应酬的 polite remarks/conversation/interest etc While they ate, they made polite conversation about the weather.
Jan expressed polite interest in Edward’s stamp collection.
I know Ian said he liked her singing, but he was only being polite.
3 in polite society/circles/company POLITEamong people who are considered to have a good education and correct social behaviour – often used humorously 在文雅人中间〔常为幽默用法〕 You can’t use words like that in polite company.
in polite society/circles/company• You can't use words like that in polite company.• In the good old days of rampant dualism, the mind was rarely mentioned in polite society.• It was not the sort of thing you did in polite company.• It was obvious from the scenes that such behavior did not belong in polite society.• Trevor Proby is another, of course, but his notables should not be discussed in polite company.• With sad paradox, Mr Punch himself became the man in the Bateman cartoon, unwelcome in polite company.• Her passion for natural history became increasingly fashionable in polite society during the 17605. —politely adverbadv ‘Can I help you?’ she asked politely.
—politeness noun [uncountableU]
THESAURUS polite behaving or speaking in a way that is correct for the social situation you are in, and showing that you are careful to consider other people’s needs and feelings 有礼貌的,客气的 He was too polite to ask how old she was.
‘Excuse me, sir, ’ she said in a polite voice.
well-mannered having good manners and knowing the correct way to behave in social situations 有礼貌的,文雅的,端庄的 She was beautifully dressed and very well-mannered.
well-behaved polite and not causing any trouble – used about children or animals 〔孩子〕彬彬有礼的，规规矩矩的；〔动物〕安分的，听话的 The children were very well-behaved.
nWell-behaved dogs are welcome at the hotel.
courteous /ˈkɜːtiəs $ ˈkɜːr-/ polite and respectful, and behaving rather formally 有礼貌的,谦恭的 The hotel staff were very courteous and helpful.
respectful polite and treating someone with respect 恭敬的,有礼貌的 He was very respectful towards all my relatives.
‘Thank you, ’ he said with a respectful bow.
civil polite in a formal way, especially when you do not feel very friendly towards someone 有礼貌的，客气的〔尤用于感觉对某人不太友好时〕 She’d never liked her father-in-law, but she forced herself to be civil to him.
nWhen you’ve stopped arguing, you might be able to have a civil conversation.
deferential formal polite towards someone, especially because they are in a more important social position 【正式】〔对社会地位较高者〕恭敬的,顺从的 In those days women were expected to be deferential to men.