down1 /daʊn/ ●●● S1 W1 adverbadv , preposition , adjective 1 to a lower position 向较低的位置移动DOWN to or towards a lower place or position 向下（的），往下（的） OPP up David bent down to tie his shoelace.
Get down off the table.
Tears were streaming down my face.
The sun was going down and it would soon be dark.
They came running down the stairs.
She stood on a balcony looking down into the courtyard.
Glancing down the list of runners, I noticed a familiar name.
Her hair came down to her waist.
Ken fell asleep face down (=with his face towards the ground) on the couch.
2 UNDER/BELOWin a lower place 在较低的位置 in a lower place or position 在下面（的） OPP up We heard the sound of laughter down below.
The bathroom is down those stairs.
Halfway down the page, there was the item I was looking for.
3 LIE DOWNto lie/sit 躺/坐 into a sitting or lying position （坐）下；（躺）下 I think I’ll go and lie down for a while.
4 NEXT TOalong 沿着 at or to a place that is further along something such as a road or path 沿着，顺着 A young man came hurrying down the street.
She looked down the road to see if anyone was coming.
There is a pleasant little cafe bar a hundred yards down the road.
The bus stop is a bit further down on the left-hand side.
5 SGDOWNsouth 南面 in or towards the south 在南方；向南方 OPP up They drove all the way down from Boston to Miami.
They sailed down the east coast of Africa.
Now he’s bought a villa down south.
a trip down Mexico way
6 somewhere local 在当地某处 at or to a place that is not far away 在[向]附近（的），在[向]不远处（的） She’s just gone down to the shops.
I saw her down at the station this morning.
7 river 河 away from the place where a river starts 顺河而下 OPP up Chunks of ice came floating down the river.
8 TIGHTfastened to a surface 固定在表面的 used with verbs that mean ‘fasten’ to show that something is fastened firmly to the surface or object below it 固定在表面[下面的物体上]的 The coffin lid had been nailed down.
9 LESSless 减少 at or towards a level or amount that is less 〔程度或数量〕处于低水平（的），减少（的），下降（的） OPP up Keep your speed down.
House prices have come down in recent months.
Turn the radio down.
down to Sharif cut his report down to only three pages.
10 IN A GAMEDSlosing 落后 losing to an opponent by a certain number of points 〔以某一比分〕落后（的） two goals down/three points down etc Swindon were six points down at one stage.
11 TCwritten 写下WRITE used with verbs that mean ‘write’ to show that you write something on paper or in a book （记）下，（写）下 I’ll write down the address for you.
Start by jotting down a few ideas.
Let’s put you down as self-employed.
12 LISTon a list 在名单上 if you are down for something, your name is on a list of people who want to do something or are intended to do something （登记）在名单上 down for Purvis is down for the 200 metre freestyle event.
We’ve already put his name down for nursery school.
down to do something I’ve got you down to do the table decorations.
13 FAMILYto later times 后来 from an earlier time in history to a later time or to people who are born in later times 后来（的），以后（的） a person whose words and actions have inspired millions of people down the centuries
This knowledge was handed down in the family from father to son.
The story has been passed down the generations for a thousand years.
down to traditions that have come down to us from medieval times
14 BBpaid immediately 当场支付 paid to someone immediately 当场支付 A top quality freezer for only £20 down and £5 a week for a year.
15 DOWNevery part 每一部分 from top to bottom 从顶部到底部 I want you to wash my car down.
16 MIswallowed 咽下的 in or into your stomach as a result of swallowing （咽）下（的），（吞）下（的） Meg’s been very ill and can’t keep her food down.
He gulped down the coffee.
17 SADSAD/UNHAPPYsad 伤心 unhappy or sad 不开心的，伤心的 Tim’s been feeling down.► see thesaurus at sad
18. COMPUTERTDcomputer 计算机 if a computer is down, it is not working 停止工作的，停机的，不运行的 OPP up► see thesaurus at broken 19 be down to somebody RESPONSIBLEif an action or decision is down to you, it is your responsibility 由某人负责 It’s down to me to make sure that everyone is happy. → be up to somebody at up1
20 be down to somebody/something RESULTto be the result of one person’s actions or one particular thing 是某人/某事的结果，归因于某人/某事 Chris’s success is all down to him.
21 be down to your last pound/dollar/litre etc SMALLto be left with only a small amount of something 只剩下最后一英镑/一美元/一升等 We’re down to our last five dollars.
22 down to something/somebody LOW POSITION OR RANKincluding everything or everyone, even the smallest thing or the least important person 下至〔最小的〕某物/〔等级低或职位低的〕某人 Everyone uses the cafeteria, from the managing director down to the office boy.
The plans were all complete down to the last detail.
23 be/go down with something MIto have a particular illness 患某种疾病 Jane’s gone down with flu.
be/go down with something• There was a sudden space when the man at Riven's shoulder went down with a cry.• I was having a really hard time and I went down with Isabel and my dad.• Mr Black paid them off on all the equipment which went down with it, but which I know was not destroyed.• I went down with nothing but a. 45-caliber pistol and a flashlight.• Outside linebacker Mike Morton, making his first start since Rob Fredrickson went down with season-ending shoulder surgery, had eight tackles.• Looking back, it seemed inevitable that Evelyn would go down with some sort of psychological trouble.• These kids are 13,14, and they wan na be down with somethin'.• Who knows what went down with them? 24 Down with somebody/something spokenPPPAGAINST/OPPOSE used to say that you strongly oppose a government, leader etc and want them to lose their power 打倒某人/某物 Down with the government!
25 be down on somebody/something informalAGAINST/OPPOSE to have a severe attitude towards someone or something, especially when this is unfair 对某人/某物态度恶劣 Why is Mark so down on her at the moment?
26 SECleaving university 离开大学 British EnglishBrE used to say that someone leaves or has left a university at the end of a period of study 毕业 down from Sarah came down from Oxford in 1966.
27 completed 完成的 already done or completed 做完的，完成的 Well, you’ve passed your second test, so it’s two down and four more to go.
28. down under informalSANSG in or to Australia or New Zealand 在[前往]澳大利亚[新西兰]
30. be down with somebody spoken informal to be friends with someone 与某人交上朋友 → be down on your luck at luck1(17) be down with somebody• All the senior police officers were down with flu - so the Chief Constable asked for his aid.• By the time I jumped back inside he looked like he was down with flu.• These kids are 13,14, and they wan na be down with somethin'.• When they arrived, they were told that Mahdi was down with the flu.