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(Mr. Ng 不推薦使用 Google 翻譯!)


Word family
im·pact1 /ˈɪmpækt/ ●●● S3 W2 AWL noun  
1 EFFECT/INFLUENCE[countableC] the effect or influence that an event, situation etc has on someone or something 作用;影响
impact on/upon
 We need to assess the impact on climate change.
major/significant/profound etc impact
 Higher mortgage rates have already had a major impact on spending.
impact of
 an international meeting to consider the environmental impacts of global warming
Don’t say ‘cause an impact’ on something. Say have an impact on something.
不要说 ‘cause an impact’ on something. 而要说 have an impact on something.
see thesaurus at effect
2 HIT/BUMP INTO[countableC, uncountableU] the force of one object hitting another 冲击力,撞击力
 The force of the impact knocked the breath out of her.
3 on impact HIT/BUMP INTOat the moment when one thing hits another 〔与另一物体〕碰撞时
 The plane’s wing was damaged on impact.
Examples from the Corpus
Winning this competition could have a big impact on my life.
His impact was greater than that of the Beatles.
Industry has a huge impact on the environment we live in.
The impact has been enormous on people’s daily lives.
New technologies have only had a small impact on the overall level of employment.
minimal/negligible (=very small and not important)
The change in government had a minimal impact in the rural areas of the country.
positive (=having a good effect)
Cuts in federal spending should have a positive impact on America’s economic future.
negative/damaging (=having a bad effect)
The expansion of the airport would have a negative impact on the environment.
disastrous (=a very bad effect)
His leg injury had a disastrous impact on his career as a footballer.
a major/significant impact (=important)
The war had a major impact on French domestic politics.
a profound impact (=very important)
Population growth has a profound impact on world food demand.
an adverse impact formal (=a bad effect)
The loss of forests has had an adverse impact on bird populations.
a real impact informal (=a big impact)
The film made a real impact on cinema audiences.
a lasting impact (=one that lasts for a long time)
The arrival of the railways made a lasting impact on many sectors of the economy.
a long-term impact
Scientists are calculating the long-term impact of the floods.
a short-term/immediate impact
A military attack may only have a short-term impact on terrorist activity.
an emotional/psychological impact
Their mother’s death had a huge emotional impact on the children.
an economic impact
It is difficult to measure the economic impact of the war.
an environmental impact
The environmental impact of the construction project is being investigated.
the full impact of something
South Wales felt the full impact of the recession.
the potential/likely impact
He’s studying the potential impact of climate change.
have an impact
New technology has had a massive impact on our lives.
make an impact
The product quickly made an impact on the market.
feel the impact of something
The industry has felt the impact of rising fuel prices.
reduce/lessen/soften the impact of something (=make it less severe or unpleasant)
The chemical industry is looking at ways to reduce its impact on the environment.
lose impact (=have less effect)
The picture loses impact when it is reduced in size.
Examples from the Corpus
im·pact2 /ɪmˈpækt/ AWL verb [intransitiveI, transitiveT] especially American EnglishAmE  
EFFECT/INFLUENCEto have an important or noticeable effect on someone or something (…)产生〔重要或明显的〕影响
impact on/upon
 The Food Safety Act will progressively impact on the way food businesses operate.
Examples from the Corpus
From Longman Business Dictionary
impactim·pact1 /ˈɪmpækt/ noun [countableC]
the effect or influence that an event, situation etc has on someone or something
impact on
High interest rates have a negative impact on spending.
The new advertising campaign has had little impact on sales.
impactim·pact2 /ɪmˈpækt/ verb [intransitiveI, transitiveT] especially American EnglishAmE
to have an important or noticeable effect on someone or something
The recession has impacted the domestic business market.
impact on
How will this program impact on the local community?
Origin impact1
(1600-1700) Latin past participle of impingere; → IMPINGE
im·pact1 nounn COLLOCATIONS1im·pact2 verb
LDOCE Online


1effect/impression影響;印象ADJECTIVE | VERB + IMPACT | PREPOSITION ADJECTIVEbig, considerable, dramatic, enormous, great, high, huge, important, main, major, massive, powerful, profound, strong, tremendous巨大的影響;可觀的影響;顯著的作用;重大的影響;深刻的影響a high-impact message aimed at changing people's attitudes旨在改變民眾態度的具有重大影響的主旨discernible, measurable, noticeable, real, significant, substantial可察覺到的影響;顯著的影響;實實在在的影響;有意義的作用;實質性影響A 1% rise is enough to have a measurable impact on economic growth.1% 的提高就足以對經濟增長造成可觀的影響。limited, little, marginal, minimal, minimum, negligible有限的影響;較小的影響;微不足道的影響;最小的影響;可忽略不計的作用full全面的影響The industrial north of the country felt the full impact of the recession.這個國家北部的工業區感受到了經濟衰退的全面衝擊。maximum最大的影響We'll show you how to dress for maximum impact at the all-important audition.這次試演關係重大,我們會教你如何着裝才能取得最佳效果。overall, total整體的影響growing, increasing越來越大的影響added附加的作用disproportionate不成比例的影響combined, cumulative綜合/累積影響the cumulative impact of a series of damaging events一系列危害事件所產生的累積影響decisive決定性的影響direct直接影響Agriculture made a direct physical impact on the landscape.農業對實際地貌產生了直接影響。immediate, instant, sudden即時的影響;突發的作用initial, short-term最初的作用;短期影響lasting, long-term持久的/長期的影響broader, far-reaching, wider更廣泛的影響;深遠的影響It is important to appreciate the wider impact and implications of this proposal.關鍵是要理解這項提議更廣泛的影響和後果。future, likely, possible, potential未來的影響;可能造成的影響;潛在的影響beneficial, favourable/favorable, positive有益的影響;有利的作用;積極的影響adverse, catastrophic, damaging, destructive, detrimental, devastating, disastrous, heavy, negative, serious, severe不利的影響;災難性影響;破壞性的影響;毀滅性的作用;沉重的影響;負面影響;嚴重的影響human人類造成的影響The severest human impact on the dolphins has been the loss of habitat.人類對海豚造成的最為嚴重的影響是使它們失去了棲息之地。personal個人影響The personal impact of party leaders has been very important.政黨領袖的個人影響非常重要。physical, visual生理/視覺影響an attempt to reduce the visual impact of wind farms on the landscape降低風力發電場對景觀所造成影響的嘗試visceral情感作用The film lacks the visceral impact of her previous work.這部影片缺乏她以前的作品所具有的那種情感衝擊力。cultural, ecological, economic, emotional, environmental, financial, health, political, psychological, social文化/生態/經濟/情感/環境/金融/健康/政治/心理/社會影響The environmental impact of power generation is being assessed.發電對環境的影響正在評估當中。VERB + IMPACTachieve, create, exert, have, make造成/製造/施加/具有/產生影響Variations in the interest rate will have an impact on the whole housing market.利率的變動將對整個房地產市場產生影響。You certainly made a big impact on Carter.你確實對卡特造成了很大影響。feel感受到影響The initial impact of the reforms will be felt most keenly in primary schools.改革的影響會最先在小學中明顯體現出來。analyse/analyze, consider, examine, explore, investigate, monitor, study分析/考慮/檢測/探究/調查/監控/研究影響We investigated the impact of new technologies on teaching methods.我們調查了新技術對教學方法的影響。assess, determine, estimate, evaluate, gauge, judge, measure, quantify評估影響;評價影響;判斷影響;量化影響It is difficult to judge the likely impact of the changes on employment patterns.很難判斷這些變化可能對雇傭模式產生怎樣的影響。underestimate低估影響enhance, increase, maximize增強作用;增加影響;使影響最大化alleviate, cushion, lessen, minimize, mitigate, offset, reduce, soften減輕作用;緩和衝擊;使衝擊最小化;減輕影響;抵消衝擊We are trying to minimize the impact of price rises on our customers.我們正在努力使漲價對顧客的影響減至最低。diminish, lessen, reduce, weaken減少衝擊;削弱影響Listening to the speech through an interpreter lessened its impact somewhat.演講經過翻譯之口聽起來或多或少削弱了其本身的影響力。lose失去影響When peace returned, the hard-line message lost much of its impact.恢復和平後,強硬路線思想的影響力大減。resist, withstand抵制影響;經受住衝擊This section explores how mothers resist the impact of poverty on the health of their children.本節探討母親們如何避免貧困影響孩子的健康。be concerned about關注影響appreciate, realize, recognize, understand意識到影響;理解影響highlight強調影響address對付影響predict預測影響reflect反映影響Architecturally, these churches reflected the impact of the Renaissance.從建築風格來看,這些教堂受到了文藝復興的影響。PREPOSITIONunder the impact of受到⋯的影響Manufacturing fell sharply under the impact of the recession.受經濟蕭條的影響,製造業急劇衰退。impact on, impact upon對⋯的影響to highlight the impact of technology on working practices強調技術對工作方式的影響


2act/force of one object hitting another衝撞;衝擊力ADJECTIVE | VERB + IMPACT | IMPACT + VERB | IMPACT + NOUN | PREPOSITION | PHRASES ADJECTIVEfull全面的撞擊initial最初的衝擊asteroid, meteorite小行星/隕石撞擊the consequences of an asteroid impact一次小行星撞擊的後果VERB + IMPACTtake承受撞擊The front of the bus took the full impact of the crash.公共汽車的前部承受了碰撞帶來的全部衝擊力。feel感受到衝擊absorb減輕衝擊力A well-designed sports shoe should absorb the impact on the 28 bones in each foot.設計精良的運動鞋應能減輕衝擊力,保護單足的 28 塊骨頭。cushion, lessen, soften緩衝/減輕/減緩衝擊Air bags are designed to soften the impact for crash victims.氣囊是為減緩撞車事故受害人所受衝擊而設計的。survive, withstand碰撞後幸存;經受住撞擊The crew of six may have survived the initial impact, but the whole plane went up in flames seconds later.6 名機組人員也許在最初的撞擊中幸存下來了,但數秒之後整架飛機起火了。IMPACT + VERBoccur碰撞發生Impact occurred seconds after the pilot radioed for help.飛行員發出無線電求救信號數秒鐘之後就發生了碰撞。knock sb/sth...衝擊力把⋯撞得⋯The impact knocked him off balance.衝擊力使他失去了平衡。IMPACT + NOUNspeed, velocity撞擊速度crater撞擊坑Small meteorites have left impact craters all over the planet's surface.小行星留下的撞擊坑佈滿了這顆行星的表面。PREPOSITIONon impact受到撞擊The front of the car had crumpled on impact.轎車前部因撞擊叠成了一團。PHRASESthe moment, point, time, etc. of impact撞擊的瞬間、剎那、時刻等
impact verb
impact noun
impact (the impact of the blow) effect (the impact of tax changes on the economy)


impact ♦︎ force ♦︎ shockThese are all words for the strength and effect of a blow, crash or explosion. 这些词均表示撞击、震荡、冲击力。PATTERNS AND COLLOCATIONS 句型和搭配the impact / force of the blow / crashthe force / shock of the impact / explosionthe full impact / force of sthto feel the impact / force / shock of sthto take the impact / force of sthto absorb the impact / shock impact [countable, usually singular, uncountable] the act of one object hitting another; the strength with which this happens 撞击;冲撞;冲击力craters made by meteorite impacts陨石撞击形成的陨石坑The impact of the blow knocked Jack off balance.这一记重击把杰克打了个趔趄。The bomb explodes on impact (= when it hits sth).炸弹受到撞击就爆炸。 force [uncountable] the physical strength of sth that is shown as it hits sth else 力;力量The force of the blast hurled bodies into the air.爆炸的冲击力把尸体抛向空中。She hits the ball with amazing force for someone so small.对像她个子这么小的人来说,她击球的力量可谓惊人。 shock [countable, uncountable] a violent shaking movement that is caused by an explosion, earthquake or impact (由爆炸、地震或撞击引起的)剧烈震动,强烈冲击The shock of the explosion could be felt up to six miles away.爆炸冲击力在6英里之外都能感觉到。The bumper absorbs shock on impact.遇到撞击时保险杠能减轻冲击。
General words for results and outcomes: result, outcome, influence...
To hit, or to crash into something: hit, crash, collide...
To have an effect: shape, impact, affect...

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